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Bo, Jin; Pang, YanLi; Dong, Liangsan; Xing, Yu; Xiang, Yuan; Zhang, Mingting; Wright, Morgan; Shen, Bo – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Several recent studies revealed that physical activity programs that focus on fundamental motor skills could enhance both motor and social performance. The purpose of this pilot was to explore whether the social impairment of Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD) moderated the motor outcomes of a physical activity program. Nine children with ASD…
Descriptors: Pilot Projects, Physical Activities, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Garcia-Pastor, T.; Salinero, J. J.; Theirs, C. I.; Ruiz-Vicente, D. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The purpose of the present study was to compare body composition and physical activity level between children and adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). A sample of 78 children, adolescents and adults participated in the study. Anthropometrics and physical activity, using GT1M accelerometer, were assessed. Overweight and obesity prevalence…
Descriptors: Obesity, Physical Activities, Physical Activity Level, Children
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de Giambattista, Concetta; Ventura, Patrizia; Trerotoli, Paolo; Margari, Mariella; Palumbi, Roberto; Margari, Lucia – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Since Hans Asperger's first description (Arch Psych Nervenkrankh 117:76-136, 1944), through Lorna Wing's translation and definition (Psychol Med 11:115-129, 1981), to its introduction in the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM, 1994), Asperger Syndrome has always aroused huge interest and debate, until…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Asperger Syndrome, Comparative Analysis
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Hatta, Kyoko; Hosozawa, Mariko; Tanaka, Kyoko; Shimizu, Toshiaki – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Subclinical traits of autism were measured in children with somatic symptom disorder (SSD, n = 28) and compared with age-matched controls (n = 26) using the Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) children's version. The KINDL[superscript R] quality of life questionnaire was used to assess functional disability. Although there was no significant group…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Disabilities, Children
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Dai, Meixia; Lin, Lizi; Liang, Jingjing; Wang, Zengjian; Jing, Jin – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Autistic traits and executive function (EF) were assessed in 413 typically developing children aged 6-9 years. The children were divided into the high- autistic-trait (HAT) and low-autistic-trait (LAT) groups based on their total autistic traits. Results suggested that there were gender differences in specific autistic traits in children with LAT.…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Executive Function, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Roberts, Cristine A.; Smith, Kevin C.; Sherman, Ashley K. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Many children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have sleep disorders. Face-to-face (F2F) sessions have empowered parents to help their child sleep. Our goal was whether online technologies could provide similar improvements in children's sleep while also improving parents' quality of life. Identical programs were taught in two sessions to F2F…
Descriptors: Parent Education, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children
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Pokorny, Jennifer J.; Hatt, Naomi V.; Rogers, Sally J.; Rivera, Susan M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Understanding another's actions, including what they are doing and why they are doing it, can be difficult for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This understanding is supported by the action observation (AON) and mentalizing (MZN) networks, as well as the superior temporal sulcus. We examined these areas in children with ASD and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Comparative Analysis
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van der Miesen, Anna I. R.; de Vries, Annelou L. C.; Steensma, Thomas D.; Hartman, Catharina A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Studies have shown an increase of symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in gender dysphoria (GD). Various hypotheses try to explain this possible co-occurrence (e.g., a role of resistance to change, stereotyped behaviors or prenatal testosterone exposure). This study examined ASD symptoms with the Children's Social Behavior Questionnaire…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Depression (Psychology)
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Wang, Jiaxing; Ding, Gang; Li, Ying; Hua, Ning; Wei, Nan; Qi, Xiaoli; Ning, Yuxian; Zhang, Ying; Li, Xue; Li, Jing; Song, Linlin; Qian, Xuehan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Amblyopia risk factors in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are usually hard to detect in early childhood due to poor cooperation and has not been reported in the Chinese population. We screened 168 Chinese children with ASD, aged between 3 and 8 years, and 264 age-matched neurotypical children with Spot photoscreener and basic…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Foreign Countries, Children
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Lee, Maunoo; Krishnamurthy, Jayasree; Susi, Apryl; Sullivan, Carolyn; Gorman, Gregory H.; Hisle-Gorman, Elizabeth; Erdie-Lalena, Christine R.; Nylund, Cade M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) both have multifactorial pathogenesis with an increasing number of studies demonstrating gut-brain associations. We aim to examine the association between ASD and IBD using strict classification criteria for IBD. We conducted a retrospective case-cohort study using records from…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Diseases, Comorbidity
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Chistol, Liem T.; Bandini, Linda G.; Must, Aviva; Phillips, Sarah; Cermak, Sharon A.; Curtin, Carol – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Few studies have compared atypical sensory characteristics and food selectivity between children with and without autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We compared oral sensory processing between children with (n = 53) and without ASD (n = 58), ages 3-11 years. We also examined the relationships between atypical oral sensory processing, food…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Children, Sensory Experience
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Napoli, Eleonora; Russo, Serena; Casula, Laura; Alesi, Viola; Amendola, Filomena Alessandra; Angioni, Adriano; Novelli, Antonio; Valeri, Giovanni; Menghini, Deny; Vicari, Stefano – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Copy-number variants (CNVs) are associated with susceptibility to autism spectrum disorder (ASD). To detect the presence of CNVs, we conducted an array-comparative genomic hybridization (array-CGH) analysis in 133 children with "essential" ASD phenotype. Genetic analyses documented that 12 children had causative CNVs (C-CNVs), 29…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Genetics, Children
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St. Amant, Helaine G.; Schrager, Sheree M.; Peña-Ricardo, Carolina; Williams, Marian E.; Vanderbilt, Douglas L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Racial and ethnic disparities in accessing health care have been described in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). In a retrospective chart review of 152 children with ASD, children of parents whose primary language was English were significantly more likely to have both social skills and communication goals within their individualized…
Descriptors: Barriers, Children, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism
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Kuravackel, Grace M.; Ruble, Lisa A.; Reese, Robert J.; Ables, Amanda P.; Rodgers, Alexis D.; Toland, Michael D. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Despite the growing number of studies that demonstrate the importance of empowering parents with knowledge and skills to act as intervention agents for their children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), there are limited examples of parent-mediated interventions that focus on problem behaviors. Additionally, access to ASD-trained clinicians and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Parent Role
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Berenguer, Carmen; Miranda, Ana; Colomer, Carla; Baixauli, Inmaculada; Roselló, Belén – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Social difficulties are a key aspect of autism, but the intervening factors are still poorly understood. This study had two objectives: to compare the profile of ToM skills, executive functioning (EF), and pragmatic competence (PC) of children with high-functioning autism (HFA) and children with typical development (TD), and analyze their mediator…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Executive Function, Pragmatics
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