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Mostert, Mark P. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2001
This review examines studies published since 1995 on use of Facilitated Communication (FC) with individuals with autism. Findings support conclusions of previous reviews that proponents' claims are largely unsubstantiated. It also critiques and discounts the claims of two studies purporting to offer empirical evidence of FC efficacy using control…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Children, Interpersonal Communication
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
McDougle, Christopher J.; Kresch, Laura E.; Posey, David J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2000
Results from two studies indicate the nonselective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SRI) clomipramine is more efficacious than the relatively selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor desipramine and placebo in children with autism. A study of the selective SRI fluvoxamine found it to be significantly better than placebo for reducing repetitive…
Descriptors: Adults, Behavior Disorders, Behavior Problems, Children
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Gupta, Sudhir – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2000
This article discusses research findings that indicate immunological abnormalities in children with autism, including the dysregulation of the immune system, and concludes that there are sufficient data to suggest a role of the immune system in the pathogenesis of autism. Various biological therapies are analyzed, including intravenous…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Children, Etiology
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Tuchman, Roberto – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2000
The treatment of seizure disorders and EEG epileptiform abnormalities without epilepsy in children with autism spectrum disorders in considered within the context of the relationship epilepsy and epileptiform disorders to language, behavior, and cognition. The use of anticonvulsants to treat epileptiform discharges thought to be producing…
Descriptors: Autism, Children, Drug Therapy, Epilepsy
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McClelland, James L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2000
This article discusses representation of information in neural networks and the apparent hyperspecificity that is often seen in the application of previously acquired information by children with autism. Hyperspecificity is seen as reflecting a possible feature of the neural codes used to represent concepts in the autistic brain. (Contains 12…
Descriptors: Autism, Children, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Processes
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Gordon, Barry – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2000
This article discusses the use of a neural systems perspective to explain some of the behavioral impairments in autism and why some methods work the way they do. It suggests some optimal or even new ways of improving the behavioral treatment of autism and coupling it with other treatment methods. (Contains references.) (Author/CR)
Descriptors: Autism, Behavior Modification, Children, Cognitive Processes
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Brook, Sarah Lister; Bowler, Dermot M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1992
A review of the literature on children with language disorders characterized by semantic and pragmatic impairments suggests that some of these conditions may stem from the same fundamental cognitive and interpersonal difficulties found in early childhood autism. A summary of recent research and theory in autism is also presented. (Author/DB)
Descriptors: Autism, Children, Etiology, Interpersonal Communication
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Baron-Cohen, Simon – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1988
This paper reviews the literature describing the pervasive deficits in social relations and pragmatics found in autistic children. It then considers two different psychological theories of these phenomena, the Affective theory and the Cognitive theory, concludes that the Cognitive theory better predicts behavior patterns, and suggests future…
Descriptors: Autism, Children, Cognitive Processes, Interpersonal Competence
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Wetherby, Amy Miller – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1986
Recent research suggests that the communicative profile associated with autism is explained by factors related to the child's language-learning environment as well as inherent factors. A working model of the ontogeny of communicative functions of autistic children is proposed. Clinical implications for language intervention are offered. (Author/CB)
Descriptors: Autism, Children, Communication (Thought Transfer), Communication Skills
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Nagy, Joan; Szatmari, Peter – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1986
The literature on the diagnostic validity of schizotypal personality disorders (SPD) in childhood is reviewed, and the results of a chart review of 20 SPD children meeting Diagnostic and Statistical Manual III criteria are presented suggesting that SPD in childhood exists and warrants study. (Author/CB)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Children, Clinical Diagnosis, Diagnostic Tests
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Hwang, Bogseon; Hughes, Carolyn – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2000
A study reviewed 16 studies that investigated the effects of interventions designed to increase early social communicative skills of young children with autism by increasing their role as initiator of social interactions. Positive changes were reported for social and affective behaviors. Limited generalization or maintenance of target behaviors…
Descriptors: Autism, Children, Generalization, Instructional Effectiveness
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Koegel, Lynn Kern – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2000
This article discusses research findings in increasing language skills in children with autism, assessing and teaching precursors relating to positive outcome, the importance of family involvement in intervention, best practices for communicative interventions, interrelationships between language and other autistic behaviors, and the social and…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Children, Communication Disorders
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Page, Theodore – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2000
This review evaluates evidence for metabolic etiologies in autism spectrum disorders, as well as for the efficacy of dietary and vitamin treatments. The relationship between gastrointestinal abnormalities and autism spectrum disorders is also considered, and the need for more research on larger populations of individuals with autism is stressed.…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Children, Enzymes
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Kanner, Andres M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2000
This commentary reviews studies of children with Landau-Kleffner Syndrome (LKS) and autistic regression (AR) and concludes that they are two distinct entities with different epileptic profiles and that the treatment modalities used in LKS cannot be expected to yield a therapeutic effect in AR. Multiple Subpial Transection is discussed. (Contains…
Descriptors: Autism, Children, Epilepsy, Individual Characteristics
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Werry, John S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1992
This review of studies of early onset schizophrenia examines the nosological similarity between adult and early onset schizophrenia, differential diagnosis, treatment, and the extent to which children and adolescents diagnosed as having schizophrenia using adult criteria have the characteristic adult correlates. The paper discusses gender…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Age Differences, Children, Classification
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