ERIC Number: EJ1156900
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2017-Nov
Abstractor: As Provided
A Scoping Review of Health Disparities in Autism Spectrum Disorder
Bishop-Fitzpatrick, Lauren; Kind, Amy J. H.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v47 n11 p3380-3391 Nov 2017
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) experience increased morbidity and decreased life expectancy compared to the general population, and these disparities are likely exacerbated for those individuals who are otherwise disadvantaged. We conducted a review to ascertain what is known about health and health system quality (e.g., high quality care delivery, adequate care access) disparities in ASD. Nine studies met final inclusion criteria. Seven studies identified racial disparities in access to general medical services for children with ASD. No studies examined disparities in health outcomes or included older adults. We present a model of health disparities (Fundamental Causes Model) that guides future research. Additional work should examine health disparities, and their causal pathways, in ASD, particularly for older adults.
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Children, Access to Health Care, Health Services, Evaluation Criteria, Disadvantaged, Medical Services, Racial Factors
Springer. 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013. Tel: 800-777-4643; Tel: 212-460-1500; Fax: 212-348-4505; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.springerlink.com
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD) (DHHS/NIH); Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Grant or Contract Numbers: R01MD010243|U54HD090256|T32HD007489