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Kerns, Connor Morrow; Newschaffer, Craig J.; Berkowitz, Steven J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Traumatic childhood events are associated with a wide range of negative physical, psychological and adaptive outcomes over the life course and are one of the few identifiable causes of psychiatric illness. Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may be at increased risk for both encountering traumatic events and developing traumatic sequelae;…
Descriptors: Trauma, Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Wijngaarden-Cremers, Patricia J. M.; van Eeten, Evelien; Groen, Wouter B.; Van Deurzen, Patricia A.; Oosterling, Iris J.; Van der Gaag, Rutger Jan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Autism is an extensively studied disorder in which the gender disparity in prevalence has received much attention. In contrast, only a few studies examine gender differences in symptomatology. This systematic review and meta-analysis of 22 peer reviewed original publications examines gender differences in the core triad of impairments in autism.…
Descriptors: Autism, Gender Differences, Age Differences, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Gupta, Sudhir – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2000
This article discusses research findings that indicate immunological abnormalities in children with autism, including the dysregulation of the immune system, and concludes that there are sufficient data to suggest a role of the immune system in the pathogenesis of autism. Various biological therapies are analyzed, including intravenous…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Children, Etiology
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Tuchman, Roberto – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2000
The treatment of seizure disorders and EEG epileptiform abnormalities without epilepsy in children with autism spectrum disorders in considered within the context of the relationship epilepsy and epileptiform disorders to language, behavior, and cognition. The use of anticonvulsants to treat epileptiform discharges thought to be producing…
Descriptors: Autism, Children, Drug Therapy, Epilepsy
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McClelland, James L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2000
This article discusses representation of information in neural networks and the apparent hyperspecificity that is often seen in the application of previously acquired information by children with autism. Hyperspecificity is seen as reflecting a possible feature of the neural codes used to represent concepts in the autistic brain. (Contains 12…
Descriptors: Autism, Children, Cognitive Development, Cognitive Processes
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Page, Theodore – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2000
This review evaluates evidence for metabolic etiologies in autism spectrum disorders, as well as for the efficacy of dietary and vitamin treatments. The relationship between gastrointestinal abnormalities and autism spectrum disorders is also considered, and the need for more research on larger populations of individuals with autism is stressed.…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Children, Enzymes
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Kanner, Andres M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2000
This commentary reviews studies of children with Landau-Kleffner Syndrome (LKS) and autistic regression (AR) and concludes that they are two distinct entities with different epileptic profiles and that the treatment modalities used in LKS cannot be expected to yield a therapeutic effect in AR. Multiple Subpial Transection is discussed. (Contains…
Descriptors: Autism, Children, Epilepsy, Individual Characteristics
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Werry, John S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1992
This review of studies of early onset schizophrenia examines the nosological similarity between adult and early onset schizophrenia, differential diagnosis, treatment, and the extent to which children and adolescents diagnosed as having schizophrenia using adult criteria have the characteristic adult correlates. The paper discusses gender…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Age Differences, Children, Classification