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Muharib, Reem; Alrasheed, Fahad; Ninci, Jennifer; Walker, Virginia L.; Voggt, Ashley P. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Functional communication training (FCT) is an evidence-based practice used to mitigate challenging behavior by increasing functional communication skills. To increase the practicality and feasibility of FCT in natural settings, thinning schedules of reinforcement are typically programmed following FCT. In this review, we meta-analyzed 28 studies…
Descriptors: Reinforcement, Children, Intellectual Disability, Developmental Disabilities
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Maeyama, Kaori; Tomioka, Kazumi; Nagase, Hiroaki; Yoshioka, Mieko; Takagi, Yasuko; Kato, Takeshi; Mizobuchi, Masami; Kitayama, Shinji; Takada, Satoshi; Nagai, Masashi; Sakakibara, Nana; Nishiyama, Masahiro; Taniguchi-Ikeda, Mariko; Morioka, Ichiro; Iijima, Kazumoto; Nishimura, Noriyuki – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Association of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection with autism spectral disorder (ASD) has been suggested since 1980s. Despite the observed association, its role as a risk factor for ASD remains to be defined. In the present review, we systematically evaluated the available evidence associating congenital CMV infection with ASD using…
Descriptors: Congenital Impairments, Communicable Diseases, Children, Autism
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Lugo Marín, Jorge; Rodríguez-Franco, Montserrat Alviani; Mahtani Chugani, Vinita; Magán Maganto, María; Díez Villoria, Emiliano; Canal Bedia, Ricardo – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Since their separation as independent diagnostics, autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD) have been conceptualized as mutually exclusive disorders. Similarities between both disorders can lead to misdiagnosis, especially when it comes to average-IQ adults who were not identified during childhood. The aim of this…
Descriptors: Incidence, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Psychosis
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Wolstencroft, J.; Robinson, L.; Srinivasan, R.; Kerry, E.; Mandy, W.; Skuse, D. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Group social skills interventions (GSSIs) are a commonly offered treatment for children with high functioning ASD. We critically evaluated GSSI randomised controlled trials for those aged 6-25 years. Our meta-analysis of outcomes emphasised internal validity, thus was restricted to trials that used the parent-report social responsiveness scale…
Descriptors: Meta Analysis, Effect Size, Interpersonal Competence, Intervention
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Whalon, Kelly J.; Conroy, Maureen A.; Martinez, Jose R.; Werch, Brittany L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
The purpose of this review was to critically examine and summarize the impact of school-based interventions designed to facilitate the peer-related social competence of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Reviewed studies employed a single-case experimental design, targeted peer-related social competence, included children 3-12 years old…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Interpersonal Competence
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Hampton, Justin; Strand, Paul S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
The present study utilized meta-analytic procedures to estimate the diagnostic validity of instruments used to screen young children, ages 1.5-5 years, for autism. Five scales met inclusion criteria, and data from 18 studies contributed the meta-analysis. Results revealed that 4 of 5 scales met criteria for "good" validity, including two…
Descriptors: Autism, Meta Analysis, Clinical Diagnosis, Screening Tests
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Wijngaarden-Cremers, Patricia J. M.; van Eeten, Evelien; Groen, Wouter B.; Van Deurzen, Patricia A.; Oosterling, Iris J.; Van der Gaag, Rutger Jan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Autism is an extensively studied disorder in which the gender disparity in prevalence has received much attention. In contrast, only a few studies examine gender differences in symptomatology. This systematic review and meta-analysis of 22 peer reviewed original publications examines gender differences in the core triad of impairments in autism.…
Descriptors: Autism, Gender Differences, Age Differences, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Xu, Guifeng; Jing, Jin; Bowers, Katherine; Liu, Buyun; Bao, Wei – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
We performed a systematic literature search regarding maternal diabetes before and during pregnancy and the risk of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in the offspring. Of the 178 potentially relevant articles, 12 articles including three cohort studies and nine case-control studies were included in the meta-analysis. Both the meta-analyses of cohort…
Descriptors: Diabetes, Pregnancy, At Risk Persons, Literature Reviews
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Hirota, Tomoya; Veenstra-VanderWeele, Jeremy; Hollander, Eric; Kishi, Taro – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Electroencephalogram-recorded epileptiform activity is common in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), even without clinical seizures. A systematic literature search identified 7 randomized, placebo-controlled trials of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in ASD (total n = 171), including three of valproate, and one each of lamotrigine,…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Drug Therapy, Epilepsy
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Sharp, William G.; Berry, Rashelle C.; McCracken, Courtney; Nuhu, Nadrat N.; Marvel, Elizabeth; Saulnier, Celine A.; Klin, Ami; Jones, Warren; Jaquess, David L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2013
We conducted a comprehensive review and meta-analysis of research regarding feeding problems and nutrient status among children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The systematic search yielded 17 prospective studies involving a comparison group. Using rigorous meta-analysis techniques, we calculated the standardized mean difference (SMD) with…
Descriptors: Meta Analysis, Eating Disorders, Nutrition, Children
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Reynhout, Georgina; Carter, Mark – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2006
A review of the empirical research literature on Social Stories[TM] is presented, including a descriptive review and single-subject meta-analysis of appropriate studies. Examination of data suggests the effects of Social Stories[TM] are highly variable. Interpretations of extant studies are frequently confounded by inadequate participant…
Descriptors: Children, Literature Reviews, Meta Analysis, Child Behavior