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Hartley, Matthew; Dorstyn, Diana; Due, Clemence – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Mindfulness-based therapies are rising in popularity. However, evidence for their effectiveness in reducing psychological distress and enhancing wellbeing for families living with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is limited. A systematic search identified 10 independent studies, involving a pooled sample of 233 children and adults with ASD and 241…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Well Being, Psychological Patterns, Autism
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Chawner, L. R.; Blundell-Birtill, P.; Hetherington, M. M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
People with developmental disorders (DD) often display high levels of selective eating, which can result in micronutrient deficiencies. It is therefore essential to explore ways to increase dietary variety in this population. To identify different types of interventions promoting increased acceptance of new foods or dietary variety for DD…
Descriptors: Intervention, Food, Eating Habits, Autism
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Lugo Marín, Jorge; Rodríguez-Franco, Montserrat Alviani; Mahtani Chugani, Vinita; Magán Maganto, María; Díez Villoria, Emiliano; Canal Bedia, Ricardo – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Since their separation as independent diagnostics, autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSD) have been conceptualized as mutually exclusive disorders. Similarities between both disorders can lead to misdiagnosis, especially when it comes to average-IQ adults who were not identified during childhood. The aim of this…
Descriptors: Incidence, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Psychosis
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Mostert, Mark P. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2001
This review examines studies published since 1995 on use of Facilitated Communication (FC) with individuals with autism. Findings support conclusions of previous reviews that proponents' claims are largely unsubstantiated. It also critiques and discounts the claims of two studies purporting to offer empirical evidence of FC efficacy using control…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Children, Interpersonal Communication
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McDougle, Christopher J.; Kresch, Laura E.; Posey, David J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2000
Results from two studies indicate the nonselective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SRI) clomipramine is more efficacious than the relatively selective norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor desipramine and placebo in children with autism. A study of the selective SRI fluvoxamine found it to be significantly better than placebo for reducing repetitive…
Descriptors: Adults, Behavior Disorders, Behavior Problems, Children
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Gupta, Sudhir – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2000
This article discusses research findings that indicate immunological abnormalities in children with autism, including the dysregulation of the immune system, and concludes that there are sufficient data to suggest a role of the immune system in the pathogenesis of autism. Various biological therapies are analyzed, including intravenous…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Children, Etiology
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Koegel, Lynn Kern – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2000
This article discusses research findings in increasing language skills in children with autism, assessing and teaching precursors relating to positive outcome, the importance of family involvement in intervention, best practices for communicative interventions, interrelationships between language and other autistic behaviors, and the social and…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Children, Communication Disorders
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Page, Theodore – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2000
This review evaluates evidence for metabolic etiologies in autism spectrum disorders, as well as for the efficacy of dietary and vitamin treatments. The relationship between gastrointestinal abnormalities and autism spectrum disorders is also considered, and the need for more research on larger populations of individuals with autism is stressed.…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Children, Enzymes