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Hartley, Matthew; Dorstyn, Diana; Due, Clemence – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Mindfulness-based therapies are rising in popularity. However, evidence for their effectiveness in reducing psychological distress and enhancing wellbeing for families living with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is limited. A systematic search identified 10 independent studies, involving a pooled sample of 233 children and adults with ASD and 241…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Well Being, Psychological Patterns, Autism
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Kerns, Connor Morrow; Newschaffer, Craig J.; Berkowitz, Steven J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Traumatic childhood events are associated with a wide range of negative physical, psychological and adaptive outcomes over the life course and are one of the few identifiable causes of psychiatric illness. Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may be at increased risk for both encountering traumatic events and developing traumatic sequelae;…
Descriptors: Trauma, Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Benevides, Teal W.; Lane, Shelly J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
The autonomic nervous system (ANS) is responsible for multiple physiological responses, and dysfunction of this system is often hypothesized as contributing to cognitive, affective, and behavioral responses in children. Research suggests that examination of ANS activity may provide insight into behavioral dysregulation in children with autism…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Physiology
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Knight, Victoria F.; Sartini, Emily – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Understanding text can increase access to educational, vocational, and recreational activities for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD); however, limited research has been conducted investigating instructional practices to remediate or compensate for these comprehension challenges. The current comprehensive literature review expanded…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Comprehension, Teaching Methods
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Watkins, Laci; O'Reilly, Mark; Kuhn, Michelle; Gevarter, Cindy; Lancioni, Giulio E.; Sigafoos, Jeff; Lang, Russell – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
This review addresses the use of peer-mediated interventions (PMI) to improve the social interaction skills of students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in inclusive settings. The purpose of this review is to (a) identify the characteristics and components of peer-mediated social interaction interventions, (b) evaluate the effectiveness of PMI…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Interpersonal Competence, Inclusion
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Wijngaarden-Cremers, Patricia J. M.; van Eeten, Evelien; Groen, Wouter B.; Van Deurzen, Patricia A.; Oosterling, Iris J.; Van der Gaag, Rutger Jan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Autism is an extensively studied disorder in which the gender disparity in prevalence has received much attention. In contrast, only a few studies examine gender differences in symptomatology. This systematic review and meta-analysis of 22 peer reviewed original publications examines gender differences in the core triad of impairments in autism.…
Descriptors: Autism, Gender Differences, Age Differences, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Xu, Guifeng; Jing, Jin; Bowers, Katherine; Liu, Buyun; Bao, Wei – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
We performed a systematic literature search regarding maternal diabetes before and during pregnancy and the risk of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in the offspring. Of the 178 potentially relevant articles, 12 articles including three cohort studies and nine case-control studies were included in the meta-analysis. Both the meta-analyses of cohort…
Descriptors: Diabetes, Pregnancy, At Risk Persons, Literature Reviews
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Hirota, Tomoya; Veenstra-VanderWeele, Jeremy; Hollander, Eric; Kishi, Taro – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Electroencephalogram-recorded epileptiform activity is common in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), even without clinical seizures. A systematic literature search identified 7 randomized, placebo-controlled trials of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) in ASD (total n = 171), including three of valproate, and one each of lamotrigine,…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Drug Therapy, Epilepsy
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Taylor, Lauren J.; Maybery, Murray T.; Whitehouse, Andrew J. O. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2012
There is debate regarding the relationship between autism and specific language impairment (SLI), with some researchers proposing aetiological overlap between the conditions and others maintaining their aetiological distinction. Although considerable research has investigated the language phenotypes of these disorders, the relationship between the…
Descriptors: Autism, Language Impairments, Children, Researchers
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Simpson, Kate; Keen, Deb – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2011
It is widely reported that music can be beneficial to individuals with autism. This review was undertaken to determine the evidence base for the use of music as an intervention for children with autism. After searching relevant databases, 128 articles were identified of which 20 articles met the study's inclusion criteria. Composed songs and…
Descriptors: Music, Autism, Music Therapy, Literature Reviews
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Mostert, Mark P. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2001
This review examines studies published since 1995 on use of Facilitated Communication (FC) with individuals with autism. Findings support conclusions of previous reviews that proponents' claims are largely unsubstantiated. It also critiques and discounts the claims of two studies purporting to offer empirical evidence of FC efficacy using control…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Children, Interpersonal Communication