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Soke, Gnakub N.; Rosenberg, Steven A.; Hamman, Richard F.; Fingerlin, Tasha; Robinson, Cordelia; Carpenter, Laura; Giarelli, Ellen; Lee, Li-Ching; Wiggins, Lisa D.; Durkin, Maureen S.; DiGuiseppi, Carolyn – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Self-injurious behaviors (SIB) have been reported in more than 30% of children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in clinic-based studies. This study estimated the prevalence of SIB in a large population-based sample of children with ASD in the United States. A total of 8,065 children who met the surveillance case definition for ASD in the…
Descriptors: Self Destructive Behavior, Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Peters, Brittany; Williams, Kent C.; Gorrindo, Phillip; Rosenberg, Daniel; Lee, Evon Batey; Levitt, Pat; Veenstra-VanderWeele, Jeremy – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Based on clinical experience, we hypothesized that rigid-compulsive behaviors are associated with severe constipation and co-occurring diarrhea or underwear staining in children with autism spectrum disorder. Using data from the Autism Treatment Network, we evaluated the association between these gastrointestinal symptoms and measures of rigid…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Davidovitch, Michael; Hemo, Beatriz; Manning-Courtney, Patricia; Fombonne, Eric – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2013
The prevalence of autism spectrum disorders has been steadily rising. In most parts of the world, rates as high as 1% are reported, including in the United States. In Israel, previously reported prevalence rates have been in the 0.2% range, and were based on parental reporting of diagnosis. In this study, records from one of the largest Israeli…
Descriptors: Autism, Foreign Countries, Incidence, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Freedman, Brian H.; Kalb, Luther G.; Zablotsky, Benjamin; Stuart, Elizabeth A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2012
Despite speculation about an 80% divorce rate among parents of children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), very little empirical and no epidemiological research has addressed the issue of separation and divorce among this population. Data for this study was taken from the 2007 National Survey of Children's Health, a population-based,…
Descriptors: Divorce, Parent Attitudes, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Braunschweig, Daniel; Duncanson, Paul; Boyce, Robert; Hansen, Robin; Ashwood, Paul; Pessah, Isaac N.; Hertz-Picciotto, Irva; Van de Water, Judy – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2012
Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) affect approximately 1 in 110 children in the United States. This report profiles fetal-brain reactive autoantibodies of a large cohort of mothers of children with autism and controls, yielding significant associations between the presence of IgG reactivity to fetal brain proteins at 37 and 73 kDa and a childhood…
Descriptors: Mothers, Autism, Disability Identification, Children
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Rosenberg, Rebecca E.; Mandell, David S.; Farmer, Janet E.; Law, J. Kiely; Marvin, Alison R.; Law, Paul A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2010
Patterns of current psychotropic medication use among 5,181 children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) enrolled in a Web-based registry were examined. Overall, 35% used at least one psychotropic medication, most commonly stimulants, neuroleptics, and/or antidepressants. Those who were uninsured or exclusively privately insured were less likely…
Descriptors: Mental Retardation, Autism, Multivariate Analysis, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Wong, V. C. N. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2009
A cross-sectional survey of the use of CAM by children was undertaken in the Duchess of Kent Children's Hospital in Hong Kong (March-December 2006). A questionnaire survey concerning the use of CAM was administered to chief caretakers (only the mothers) who accompanied children with neurodevelopmental disabilities followed up in our…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Medicine, Sensory Integration
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Esch, Barbara E.; Carr, James E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2004
Secretin is used in the United States for diagnosis of pancreatic gastrointestinal (GI) dysfunction and disease. Repeated therapeutic use has not been approved. Widespread interest in secretin as a treatment for autism followed media reports of behavioral improvements in an autistic child who received the hormone during a GI diagnostic procedure.…
Descriptors: Autism, Children, Outcomes of Treatment, Clinical Diagnosis