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van der Miesen, Anna I. R.; de Vries, Annelou L. C.; Steensma, Thomas D.; Hartman, Catharina A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Studies have shown an increase of symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in gender dysphoria (GD). Various hypotheses try to explain this possible co-occurrence (e.g., a role of resistance to change, stereotyped behaviors or prenatal testosterone exposure). This study examined ASD symptoms with the Children's Social Behavior Questionnaire…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Depression (Psychology)
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Van der Hallen, Ruth; Chamberlain, Rebecca; de-Wit, Lee; Wagemans, Johan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Since its initial development, the embedded figures test (EFT) has been used extensively to measure local-global perceptual style. However, little is known about the perceptual factors that influence target detection. The current study aimed to investigate "disembedding" in children with and without ASD, aged 8-15 years, using the newly…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Control Groups
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Ziermans, Tim; Swaab, Hanna; Stockmann, Alexander; de Bruin, Esther; van Rijn, Sophie – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Formal thought disorder (FTD) is a disruption in the flow of thought and a common feature in psychotic disorders and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Executive dysfunction has often been associated with FTD, yet for ASD convincing evidence is lacking. This study investigated FTD and three core executive functions in 50 young children and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Thinking Skills
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de Veld, Danielle M. J.; Howlin, Patricia; Hoddenbach, Elske; Mulder, Fleur; Wolf, Imke; Koot, Hans M.; Lindauer, Ramón; Begeer, Sander – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
This RCT investigated whether the effect of a Theory of Mind (ToM) intervention for children with ASD was moderated by parental education level and employment, family structure, and parental ASD. Children with autism aged 8-13 years (n = 136) were randomized over a waitlist control or treatment condition. At posttest, children in the treatment…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Theory of Mind, Intervention
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Duifhuis, E. A.; den Boer, J. C.; Doornbos, A.; Buitelaar, J. K.; Oosterling, I. J.; Klip, H. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Purpose of this quasi-experimental trial was to investigate the effect of Pivotal response treatment (PRT) versus treatment as usual (TAU) on autism symptoms. Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), aged 3-8 years, received either PRT (n = 11) or TAU (n = 13). Primary outcome measure was the total score on the Autism Diagnostic Observation…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Children, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism
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Deckers, Anne; Muris, Peter; Roelofs, Jeffrey; Arntz, Arnoud – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
A social skills training (SST) for high-functioning children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) was evaluated in an outpatient setting using a combined between- and within-subject design in which SST and a waiting list condition were compared. According to parents and teachers, the SST produced greater improvement of social skills than the…
Descriptors: Social Behavior, Skill Development, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Naber, Fabienne B. A.; Swinkels, Sophie H. N.; Buitelaar, Jan K.; Bakermans-Kranenburg, Marian J.; van IJzendoorn, Marinus H.; Dietz, Claudine; van Daalen, Emma; van Engeland, Herman – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2007
Attachment was assessed in toddlers with Autistic Disorder (n = 20), Pervasive Developmental Disorder (n = 14), Mental Retardation (n = 12), Language Development Disorder (n = 16), and a non-clinical comparison group (n = 18), using the Strange Situation Procedure (SSP). Children in the clinical groups were more often disorganized and less often…
Descriptors: Toddlers, Metabolism, Mental Retardation, Autism