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Van der Hallen, Ruth; Chamberlain, Rebecca; de-Wit, Lee; Wagemans, Johan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Since its initial development, the embedded figures test (EFT) has been used extensively to measure local-global perceptual style. However, little is known about the perceptual factors that influence target detection. The current study aimed to investigate "disembedding" in children with and without ASD, aged 8-15 years, using the newly…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Control Groups
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Eijk, S.; Mous, S. E.; Dieleman, G. C.; Dierckx, B.; Rietman, A. B.; de Nijs, P. F. A.; ten Hoopen, L. W.; van Minkelen, R.; Elgersma, Y.; Catsman-Berrevoets, C. E.; Oostenbrink, R.; Legerstee, J. S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
In a non-selected sample of children with Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) the prevalence rate of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and predictive value of an observational (ADOS)--and questionnaire-based screening instrument were assessed. Complete data was available for 128 children. The prevalence rate for clinical ASD was 10.9%, which is clearly…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Neurological Impairments
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Duifhuis, E. A.; den Boer, J. C.; Doornbos, A.; Buitelaar, J. K.; Oosterling, I. J.; Klip, H. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Purpose of this quasi-experimental trial was to investigate the effect of Pivotal response treatment (PRT) versus treatment as usual (TAU) on autism symptoms. Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), aged 3-8 years, received either PRT (n = 11) or TAU (n = 13). Primary outcome measure was the total score on the Autism Diagnostic Observation…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Children, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism
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Verschuur, Rianne; Huskens, Bibi; Verhoeven, Ludo; Didden, Robert – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Deficits in question-asking are common in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Furthermore, their opportunities to self-initiate questions are often hindered by directive behavior of their conversation partners. This study assessed the effectiveness of staff training in pivotal response treatment (PRT) on staff member-created…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Questioning Techniques, Program Effectiveness
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Klapwijk, Eduard T.; Aghajani, Moji; Lelieveld, Gert-Jan; van Lang, Natasja D. J.; Popma, Arne; van der Wee, Nic J. A.; Colins, Olivier F.; Vermeiren, Robert R. J. M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Little is known about how emotions expressed by others influence social decisions and associated brain responses in autism spectrum disorders (ASD). We investigated the neural mechanisms underlying fairness decisions in response to explicitly expressed emotions of others in boys with ASD and typically developing (TD) boys. Participants with ASD…
Descriptors: Brain, Males, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism
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de Bildt, Annelies; Oosterling, Iris J.; van Lang, Natasja D. J.; Kuijper, Sanne; Dekker, Vera; Sytema, Sjoerd; Oerlemans, Anoek M.; van Steijn, Daphne J.; Visser, Janne C.; Rommelse, Nanda N.; Minderaa, Ruud B.; van Engeland, Herman; van der Gaag, Rutger-Jan; Buitelaar, Jan K.; de Jonge, Maretha V. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2013
The algorithm of the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised provides criteria for autism versus non-autism according to DSM-IV. Criteria for the broader autism spectrum disorders are needed. This study investigated the validity of seven sets of criteria from the literature, in 1,204 Dutch children (aged 3-18 years) with and without mental…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Diagnostic Tests, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders