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Ishimoto, Yuma; Yamane, Takahiro; Matsumoto, Yuki – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
A large number of children with developmental disorders like autism spectrum disorder (ASD), learning disabilities, and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder have high anxiety. It has also been shown that the high anxiety has harmful effects on them, directly and indirectly. In this study, we conducted a survey on community samples on the level…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Children, Developmental Disabilities, Foreign Countries
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Mahdi, Soheil; Albertowski, Katja; Almodayfer, Omar; Arsenopoulou, Vaia; Carucci, Sara; Dias, José Carlos; Khalil, Mohammad; Knüppel, Ane; Langmann, Anika; Lauritsen, Marlene Briciet; da Cunha, Graccielle Rodrigues; Uchiyama, Tokio; Wolff, Nicole; Selb, Melissa; Granlund, Mats; de Vries, Petrus J.; Zwaigenbaum, Lonnie; Bölte, Sven – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
This is the fourth international preparatory study designed to develop International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF, and Children and Youth version, ICF-CY) Core Sets for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Examine functioning of individuals diagnosed with ASD as documented by the ICF-CY in a variety of clinical settings. A…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Models
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Oi, Manabu; Fujino, Hiroshi; Tsukidate, Naotake; Kamio, Yoko; Yoshimura, Yuko; Kikuchi, Mitsuru; Hasegawa, Chiaki; Gondou, Keiko; Matsui, Tomoko – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
The Japanese version of the Children's Communication Checklist-2 (CCC-2) was rated by caregivers in a large national population sample of 22,871 children aged 3-15 years. The General Communication Composite (GCC) of the CCC-2 exhibited a distribution with a single-factor structure. The GCC distribution between autism spectrum disorders (ASD) and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Check Lists, Communication Skills, Autism
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Koyama, Tomonori; Kamio, Yoko; Inada, Naoko; Kurita, Hiroshi – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2009
Using the Japanese version of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-Third Edition (WISC-III), 26 girls with high-functioning (IQ greater than or equal to 70) pervasive developmental disorders (HFPDD) (mean age, 8.2 years) were compared with 116 boys with HFPDD (mean age, 9.0 years). Compared with the boys, the girls scored significantly…
Descriptors: Intelligence Quotient, Females, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Intelligence Tests
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Koyama, Tomonori; Tachimori, Hisateru; Osada, Hirokazu; Kurita, Hiroshi – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2006
Age- and IQ-balanced 27 children with high-functioning (IQ greater than or equal to 70) pervasive developmental disorder not otherwise specified (HPDDNOS) and 27 children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were compared on the Japanese version of Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children Third Edition (WISC-III) and the Childhood…
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Attention Deficit Disorders
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Sugie, Yoko; Sugie, Hideo; Fukuda,Tokiko; Ito, Masataka; Sasada, Yumiko; Nakabayashi, Mutsumi; Fukashiro, Kazunobu; Ohzeki, Takehiko – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2005
We studied the correlation between response to fluvoxamine and serotonin transporter gene promoter region polymorphism (5-HTTLPR). Eighteen children with autistic disorder completed a 12-week double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized crossover study of fluvoxamine. Behavioral assessments were obtained before and at 12 weeks of treatment.…
Descriptors: Autism, Correlation, Genetics, Children
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Nagamitsu, Shinichiro; And Others – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1997
A Japanese study measured CSF (cerebrospinal fluid) levels of beta-endorphin in 19 children (ages 4-6) with infantile autism and in 3 children (ages 10-14) with Rett syndrome. In infantile autism, levels did not differ significantly from control participants (n=23). However, levels were significantly higher in those with Rett syndrome. (Author/CR)
Descriptors: Autism, Children, Disability Identification, Etiology
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Kezuka, Emiko – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1997
A study investigated the role of touch in the use of facilitated communication with Japanese individuals with autism. Five experiments were conducted involving a "telepathy game" using a rod with an attached strain gauge. Results found the facilitator's contact controlled the motor responses of the subjects. (Author/CR)
Descriptors: Augmentative and Alternative Communication, Autism, Children, Communication Skills
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Miyahara, Motohide; Tsujii, Masatsugu; Hori, Miwako; Nakanishi, Kazunori; Kageyama, Hidenori; Sugiyama, Toshiro – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1997
A study compared the motor coordination of 26 Japanese children (ages 6-15) with Asperger syndrome and 14 with learning disabilities using the Movement Assessment Battery for Children. Although no relationship was found between intellectual and motor function, both groups demonstrated motor delay. Children with autism had poorer ball skills. (CR)
Descriptors: Asperger Syndrome, Autism, Children, Early Adolescents
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Sugiyama, Toshiro; Abe, Tokuichiro – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1989
The statistical survey of 12,263 children in Nagoya, Japan, found a minimum prevalence for autism of 0.13 percent, substantially higher than the usually reported 0.04 percent to 0.05 percent. (Author/DB)
Descriptors: Autism, Children, Epidemiology, Foreign Countries
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Ohta, Masataka; And Others – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1987
Analysis of diagnostic questionnaires completed by Japanese parents of 141 autistic children below the age of 12 found that the Japanese peak of abnormal social behavior, including autistic symptoms as reported by parents, was from the ages of 3 to 9 years as compared with the U.S. and European peak of 3 to 6 years. (Author/DB)
Descriptors: Autism, Behavior Problems, Children, Cultural Differences
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Kurita, Hiroshi; And Others – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1989
A Japanese translation of the Childhood Autism Rating Scale was used with 167 developmentally disabled children under age 16. Total score demonstrated a satisfactory level of taxonomic validity and discriminated infantile autism and other pervasive developmental disorders from mental retardation alone. A satisfactory concurrent validity on the…
Descriptors: Autism, Behavior Rating Scales, Children, Cultural Differences