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Showing 1 to 15 of 1,499 results Save | Export
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Huijnen, Claire A. G. J.; Lexis, Monique A. S.; Jansens, Rianne; de Witte, Luc P. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The aim of this research was to study roles, strengths and challenges of robot-mediated interventions using robot KASPAR for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Twelve focus group sessions were organized in which 70 ASD care and/or education professionals participated. Six roles for KASPAR were identified: provoker, reinforcer, trainer,…
Descriptors: Robotics, Intervention, Children, Autism
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Harwood, Caitlin; Kaczmarek, Elizabeth; Drake, Deirdre – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study examined the role of companion canines in the lives of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Interviews were conducted with 11 mothers of children with ASD (aged 5-12) who owned a canine companion in a multiple case study methodology. Transcript analysis revealed the emergence of five major themes, namely; love and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Animals, Therapy
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Tremblay, Isabelle; Grondin, Steffany; Laberge, Anne-Marie; Cousineau, Dominique; Carmant, Lionel; Rowan, Anita; Janvier, Annie – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Parents' understanding/expectations regarding genetic testing for children with developmental disorders were explored. Within a month of testing, interviews were conducted with 57 parents. Many (74%) could not recall the nature of testing. Parents expected genetic testing to have positive impacts for the child (93%) and the family (98%), mainly to…
Descriptors: Parents, Expectation, Parent Attitudes, Children
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Margolis, Kara G.; Buie, Timothy M.; Turner, J. Blake; Silberman, Anna E.; Feldman, Judith F.; Murray, Katherine F.; McSwiggan-Hardin, Maureen; Levy, Joseph; Bauman, Margaret L.; Veenstra-VanderWeele, Jeremy; Whitaker, Agnes H.; Winter, Harland S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Gastrointestinal dysfunction in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is common and associated with problem behaviors. This study describes the development of a brief, parent-report screen that relies minimally upon the child's ability to report or localize pain for identifying children with ASD at risk for one of three common…
Descriptors: Parents, Diseases, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Rasmussen, Lotte; Pratt, Nicole; Roughead, Elizabeth; Moffat, Anna – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Based on data from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children linked with pharmacy dispensing data from the Australian Government's Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme, we calculated the 1-year prevalence of psychotropic medicine supply in children and adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) as reported by parents in 2014. The majority of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Incidence, Drug Therapy, Children
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Alabaf, Setareh; Gillberg, Christopher; Lundström, Sebastian; Lichtenstein, Paul; Kerekes, Nóra; Råstam, Maria; Anckarsäter, Henrik – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
With increasing numbers of children being diagnosed with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) attention has been drawn to these children's physical health. We aimed to identify the prevalence of defined physical problems (epilepsy, migraine, asthma, cancer, diabetes, psoriasis, lactose intolerance, celiac disease, diarrhea, constipation, daytime…
Descriptors: Physical Health, Neurological Impairments, Epilepsy, Diseases
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Bo, Jin; Pang, YanLi; Dong, Liangsan; Xing, Yu; Xiang, Yuan; Zhang, Mingting; Wright, Morgan; Shen, Bo – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Several recent studies revealed that physical activity programs that focus on fundamental motor skills could enhance both motor and social performance. The purpose of this pilot was to explore whether the social impairment of Autistic Spectrum Disorders (ASD) moderated the motor outcomes of a physical activity program. Nine children with ASD…
Descriptors: Pilot Projects, Physical Activities, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Garcia-Pastor, T.; Salinero, J. J.; Theirs, C. I.; Ruiz-Vicente, D. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The purpose of the present study was to compare body composition and physical activity level between children and adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). A sample of 78 children, adolescents and adults participated in the study. Anthropometrics and physical activity, using GT1M accelerometer, were assessed. Overweight and obesity prevalence…
Descriptors: Obesity, Physical Activities, Physical Activity Level, Children
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de Giambattista, Concetta; Ventura, Patrizia; Trerotoli, Paolo; Margari, Mariella; Palumbi, Roberto; Margari, Lucia – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Since Hans Asperger's first description (Arch Psych Nervenkrankh 117:76-136, 1944), through Lorna Wing's translation and definition (Psychol Med 11:115-129, 1981), to its introduction in the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM, 1994), Asperger Syndrome has always aroused huge interest and debate, until…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Asperger Syndrome, Comparative Analysis
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Feldman, Jacob I.; Kuang, Wayne; Conrad, Julie G.; Tu, Alexander; Santapuram, Pooja; Simon, David M.; Foss-Feig, Jennifer H.; Kwakye, Leslie D.; Stevenson, Ryan A.; Wallace, Mark T.; Woynaroski, Tiffany G. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Research shows that children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) differ in their behavioral patterns of responding to sensory stimuli (i.e., sensory responsiveness) and in various other aspects of sensory functioning relative to typical peers. This study explored relations between measures of sensory responsiveness and multisensory speech…
Descriptors: Sensory Integration, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children
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Keehn, Brandon; Westerfield, Marissa; Townsend, Jeanne – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study investigates how task-irrelevant auditory information is processed in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Eighteen children with ASD and 19 age- and IQ-matched typically developing (TD) children were presented with semantically-congruent and incongruent picture-sound pairs, and in separate tasks were instructed to attend to…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Visual Stimuli
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Koegel, Lynn Kern; Glugatch, Lindsay B.; Koegel, Robert L.; Castellon, Fernanda A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Children with autism spectrum disorder demonstrate challenges in socialization that can interfere with their participation in common childhood activities and can persist or worsen if not addressed. The purpose of this study was to assess whether individualized education program (IEP) social goals could be targeted by a supervised paraprofessional…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Socialization, Individualized Education Programs
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Espanola Aguirre, Elaine; Gutierrez, Anibal – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The Motor and Vocal Imitation Assessment (MVIA) was developed to evaluate a proposed hierarchy of imitation skills that could be used to formulate an experimentally-validated instructional guide for intervention. Imitation performance was assessed via the MVIA in 30 typically developing (TD) children and 30 children with Autism Spectrum Disorder…
Descriptors: Motion, Verbal Communication, Imitation, Intervention
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Houghton, Richard; Monz, Brigitta; Law, Kiely; Loss, Georg; Le Scouiller, Stephanie; de Vries, Frank; Willgoss, Tom – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The Autism impact measure (AIM) is a caregiver-reported questionnaire assessing autism symptom frequency and impact in children, previously shown to have good test-retest reliability, convergent validity and structural validity. This study extended previous work by exploring the AIM's ability to discriminate between 'known-groups' of children, and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Measures (Individuals), Questionnaires
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Chester, Monica; Richdale, Amanda L.; McGillivray, Jane – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Despite widespread clinical use of group-based social skills training (SST) for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), there remains a lack of follow-up data, generalisation effects, common definition of social skills, and teacher report data. This study evaluated the effectiveness of an 8-week SST intervention with a play component…
Descriptors: Group Activities, Play, Teaching Methods, Children
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