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Boland, Kelly M.; Stichter, Janine P.; Beversdorf, David Q.; Christ, Shawn E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Recent research has documented impaired ability to resist interference from visual distractors in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and suggests that this phenomenon may be more pronounced in young versus older children (Christ et al., "Neuropsychology" 25(6):690-701, 2011). The present study extends previous findings by…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults, Adolescents
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Huijnen, Claire A. G. J.; Lexis, Monique A. S.; Jansens, Rianne; de Witte, Luc P. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The aim of this research was to study roles, strengths and challenges of robot-mediated interventions using robot KASPAR for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Twelve focus group sessions were organized in which 70 ASD care and/or education professionals participated. Six roles for KASPAR were identified: provoker, reinforcer, trainer,…
Descriptors: Robotics, Intervention, Children, Autism
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Raghavan, Ramkripa; Fallin, M. Daniele; Hong, Xiumei; Wang, Guoying; Ji, Yuelong; Stuart, Elizabeth A.; Paige, David; Wang, Xiaobin – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Emerging research suggests that adiponectin, a cytokine produced by adipose tissue, may be implicated in ASD. In this prospective birth cohort study (n = 847), we assessed the association between cord, early childhood plasma adiponectin and the risk of developing ASD. ASD was defined based on ICD codes of physician diagnosis. Cord adiponectin…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Risk, Physiology
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Cañigueral, Roser; Hamilton, Antonia F. de C. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Autistic people process gaze differently than typical people, but it is not yet clear if these differences lie in the processing of eye-shapes or the belief in whether others can see (perceptual mentalizing). We aimed to investigate whether these two models of gaze processing modulate social seeking in typical and autistic adults. We measured…
Descriptors: Autism, Beliefs, Nonverbal Communication, Cognitive Processes
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Harwood, Caitlin; Kaczmarek, Elizabeth; Drake, Deirdre – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study examined the role of companion canines in the lives of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Interviews were conducted with 11 mothers of children with ASD (aged 5-12) who owned a canine companion in a multiple case study methodology. Transcript analysis revealed the emergence of five major themes, namely; love and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Animals, Therapy
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Garcia-Villamisar, D.; Moore, D.; Garcia-Martínez, M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Research on pain in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is in its infancy, with almost nothing known about how individual differences may predicting pain response in ASD. In the present study, 45 adults (28 male, age 22-48 years) with diagnoses of autism and intellectual delay were observed during vaccination or dental cleaning and their pain…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Pain, Clinical Diagnosis
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Hillman, Jennifer L.; Anderson, Connie M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
We know little about custodial grandparents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who offer a vital social safety net. 117 custodial grandparents of children with ASD from 37 states completed an online survey with open-ended questions about their "greatest challenges and joys" as grandparent. Grounded theory analysis revealed…
Descriptors: Grandparents Raising Grandchildren, Child Custody, Child Rearing, Grandchildren
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Margolis, Kara G.; Buie, Timothy M.; Turner, J. Blake; Silberman, Anna E.; Feldman, Judith F.; Murray, Katherine F.; McSwiggan-Hardin, Maureen; Levy, Joseph; Bauman, Margaret L.; Veenstra-VanderWeele, Jeremy; Whitaker, Agnes H.; Winter, Harland S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Gastrointestinal dysfunction in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is common and associated with problem behaviors. This study describes the development of a brief, parent-report screen that relies minimally upon the child's ability to report or localize pain for identifying children with ASD at risk for one of three common…
Descriptors: Parents, Diseases, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Bottema-Beutel, Kristen; Kim, So Yoon; Miele, David B. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study used mixed-effects logistic regression to examine undergraduates' (N = 142) evaluations and reasoning about scenarios involving disability-based exclusion. Scenarios varied by disability [autism spectrum disorder (ASD) versus learning disability (LD)], the context of exclusion (classroom versus social), and whether or not a grade was at…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Student Attitudes, Autism, Learning Disabilities
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Haraguchi, Hideyuki; Stickley, Andrew; Saito, Aya; Takahashi, Hidetoshi; Kamio, Yoko – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Little is known about the across time stability of autistic traits during the transition period from preschool to school age in the general population. The current study compared autistic traits assessed by a mother-reported quantitative measure, the Social Responsiveness Scale, at age 5 and 8 years and examined the intraclass correlation…
Descriptors: Measures (Individuals), Autism, Young Children, Comparative Analysis
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Vogel, David; Falter-Wagner, Christine M.; Schoofs, Theresa; Krämer, Katharina; Kupke, Christian; Vogeley, Kai – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Although the experience of time is of central relevance for psychopathology, qualitative approaches to study the inner experience of time have been largely neglected in autism research. We present results from qualitative data acquired from 26 adults with high functioning autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Employing inductive content analysis we…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Time, Psychopathology
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Klusek, Jessica; Fairchild, Amanda J.; Roberts, Jane E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Pragmatic language skills exist across a continuum in typical and clinical populations, and are impaired in many neurodevelopmental disorders, most notably autism. The mechanisms underlying pragmatic impairment are poorly understood, although theory suggests dampened vagal tone plays a role. This study investigated the "FMR1" premutation…
Descriptors: Pragmatics, Language Skills, Autism, Genetics
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Rasmussen, Lotte; Pratt, Nicole; Roughead, Elizabeth; Moffat, Anna – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Based on data from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children linked with pharmacy dispensing data from the Australian Government's Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme, we calculated the 1-year prevalence of psychotropic medicine supply in children and adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) as reported by parents in 2014. The majority of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Incidence, Drug Therapy, Children
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Alabaf, Setareh; Gillberg, Christopher; Lundström, Sebastian; Lichtenstein, Paul; Kerekes, Nóra; Råstam, Maria; Anckarsäter, Henrik – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
With increasing numbers of children being diagnosed with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) attention has been drawn to these children's physical health. We aimed to identify the prevalence of defined physical problems (epilepsy, migraine, asthma, cancer, diabetes, psoriasis, lactose intolerance, celiac disease, diarrhea, constipation, daytime…
Descriptors: Physical Health, Neurological Impairments, Epilepsy, Diseases
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Baptista, Joana; Sampaio, Adriana; Fachada, Inês; Osório, Ana; Mesquita, Ana R.; Garayzabal, Elena; Duque, Frederico; Oliveira, Guiomar; Soares, Isabel – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study compared maternal responsiveness to children with two neurodevelopmental disorders sharing different but, in some cases, overlapping social phenotypes--Williams syndrome (WS) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD)--and explored the relations between maternal responsiveness and child emotional/behavioural problems (EBP). The sample included…
Descriptors: Mothers, Mother Attitudes, Child Rearing, Preschool Children
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