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de Giambattista, Concetta; Ventura, Patrizia; Trerotoli, Paolo; Margari, Mariella; Palumbi, Roberto; Margari, Lucia – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Since Hans Asperger's first description (Arch Psych Nervenkrankh 117:76-136, 1944), through Lorna Wing's translation and definition (Psychol Med 11:115-129, 1981), to its introduction in the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM, 1994), Asperger Syndrome has always aroused huge interest and debate, until…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Asperger Syndrome, Comparative Analysis
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Egan, Vincent; Linenberg, Omer; O'Nions, Elizabeth – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Pathological ("extreme") demand avoidance (PDA) involves obsessively avoiding routine demands and extreme emotional variability. It is clinically linked to autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The observer-rated EDA Questionnaire (EDA-Q) for children was adapted as an adult self-report (EDA-QA), and tested in relation to personality and the…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Asperger Syndrome
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Jackson, Lynn G.; Duffy, Mary Lou; Brady, Michael P.; McCormick, Jazarae – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are increasingly entering institutions of higher education. However, many are not prepared for the academic and social demands of postsecondary environments. Although studies have evaluated academic and social interventions for children and adolescents with ASD, little research exists on the college…
Descriptors: College Students, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Learning Strategies
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Cole, Eleanor J.; Barraclough, Nick E.; Enticott, Peter G. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
ASD is associated with mentalizing deficits that may correspond with atypical mirror system (MS) activation. We investigated MS activity in adults with and without ASD when inferring others' intentions using TMS-induced motor evoked potentials (MEPs) and mu suppression measured by EEG. Autistic traits were measured for all participants. Our EEG…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults, Social Cognition
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Fiene, L.; Ireland, M. J.; Brownlow, C. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Increasing attention is being paid to how adults on the autism spectrum perceive and interpret the interoceptive sense. This 20-item Interoception Sensory Questionnaire represents a single factor scale that can be interpreted as representing confusion about interoceptive bodily states unless these states are extreme (Alexisomia), and has been…
Descriptors: Sensory Experience, Questionnaires, Adults, Autism
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Brewer, Neil; Young, Robyn L.; Barnett, Emily – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Deficits in Theory of Mind (ToM)--the ability to interpret others' beliefs, intentions and emotions--undermine the ability of individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) to interact in socially normative ways. This study provides psychometric data for the Adult-Theory of Mind (A-ToM) measure using video-scenarios based in part on Happé's…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Theory of Mind, Interpersonal Competence
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Baric, Vedrana Bolic; Hemmingsson, Helena; Hellberg, Kristina; Kjellberg, Anette – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
The aim was to describe the occupational transition process to upper secondary school, further education and/or work, and to discover what support influences the process from the perspectives of young adults with Asperger syndrome or attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. This qualitative study was performed in Sweden and comprised interviews…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Young Adults, Asperger Syndrome, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
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Verschuur, Rianne; Huskens, Bibi; Verhoeven, Ludo; Didden, Robert – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Deficits in question-asking are common in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Furthermore, their opportunities to self-initiate questions are often hindered by directive behavior of their conversation partners. This study assessed the effectiveness of staff training in pivotal response treatment (PRT) on staff member-created…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Questioning Techniques, Program Effectiveness
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Klapwijk, Eduard T.; Aghajani, Moji; Lelieveld, Gert-Jan; van Lang, Natasja D. J.; Popma, Arne; van der Wee, Nic J. A.; Colins, Olivier F.; Vermeiren, Robert R. J. M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Little is known about how emotions expressed by others influence social decisions and associated brain responses in autism spectrum disorders (ASD). We investigated the neural mechanisms underlying fairness decisions in response to explicitly expressed emotions of others in boys with ASD and typically developing (TD) boys. Participants with ASD…
Descriptors: Brain, Males, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism
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Dewinter, J.; De Graaf, H.; Begeer, S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
This study compared sexual orientation and romantic relationship experience in a large sample of adolescents and adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) (n = 675) and general population peers (n = 8064). Gender identity was explored in the ASD group in relation to assigned gender at birth. Compared to general population peers, more people with…
Descriptors: Sexual Orientation, Intimacy, Interpersonal Relationship, Adolescents
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Mazurek, Micah O.; Lu, Frances; Symecko, Heather; Butter, Eric; Bing, Nicole M.; Hundley, Rachel J.; Poulsen, Marie; Kanne, Stephen M.; Macklin, Eric A.; Handen, Benjamin L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
The transition from DSM-IV to DSM-5 criteria for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) sparked considerable concern about the potential implications of these changes. This study was designed to address limitations of prior studies by prospectively examining the concordance of DSM-IV and final DSM-5 criteria on a consecutive sample of 439 children…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Clinical Diagnosis
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Gillberg, I. Carina; Helles, Adam; Billstedt, Eva; Gillberg, Christopher – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
We examined comorbid psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders in fifty adult males (mean age 30 years) with Asperger syndrome (AS) diagnosed in childhood and followed up prospectively for almost two decades (13-26 years). Only three of the 50 men had "never" met criteria for an additional psychiatric/neurodevelopmental diagnosis and…
Descriptors: Asperger Syndrome, Psychiatric Services, Neurological Impairments, Developmental Disabilities
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Keenan, Belinda M.; Newman, Louise K.; Gray, Kylie M.; Rinehart, Nicole J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
There has been limited study of the relationship between child attachment and caregiver wellbeing amongst children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study examined self-reported child attachment quality alongside caregivers' report of their own psychological distress, parenting stress and attachment style, amongst 24 children with…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Attachment Behavior, Child Rearing
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De Marco, Matteo; Iavarone, Alessandro; Santoro, Giovanna; Carlomagno, Sergio – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Special ability in computing the day of week for given dates was observed in a 24 year-old male (FB) diagnosed with Asperger syndrome. FB performed almost flawlessly (98.2%) both with past and future dates, over a span of 40 years. Response latency was slower as temporal remoteness of future dates increased. Within the future timespan, FB's…
Descriptors: Asperger Syndrome, Males, Computation, Futures (of Society)
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Grainger, Catherine; Williams, David M.; Lind, Sophie E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
This study explored whether adults and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) demonstrate difficulties making metacognitive judgments, specifically judgments of learning. Across two experiments, the study examined whether individuals with ASD could accurately judge whether they had learnt a piece of information (in this case word pairs).…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Accuracy, Adolescents
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