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Boland, Kelly M.; Stichter, Janine P.; Beversdorf, David Q.; Christ, Shawn E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Recent research has documented impaired ability to resist interference from visual distractors in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and suggests that this phenomenon may be more pronounced in young versus older children (Christ et al., "Neuropsychology" 25(6):690-701, 2011). The present study extends previous findings by…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults, Adolescents
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Zhang, Juan; Meng, Yaxuan; He, Jinbo; Xiang, Yutao; Wu, Chenggang; Wang, Shibin; Yuan, Zhen – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
By synthesizing existing behavioural studies through a meta-analytic approach, the current study compared the performances of Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and typically developing groups in audiovisual speech integration and investigated potential moderators that might contribute to the heterogeneity of the existing findings. In total, nine…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Speech, Auditory Perception
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Kašcelan, Draško; Katsos, Napoleon; Gibson, Jenny L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Some evidence suggests that bilingualism improves communication and cognitive skills which are often impaired in autism. However, diagnosing autism in bilinguals may suffer a cultural bias, which can affect the investigation of bilingualism and autism. Therefore, the current study investigates relations between autistic-like traits (ALTs) and…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Language Skills
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Reinhartsen, D. B.; Tapia, A. L.; Watson, L.; Crais, E.; Bradley, C.; Fairchild, J.; Herring, A. H.; Daniels, J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
We examined language profiles of 2571 children, 30-68 months old, with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), other developmental disabilities (DD), and typical development from the general population (POP). Children were categorized as expressive dominant (ED), receptive dominant (RD), or nondominant (ND). Within each group, the ED profile was the least…
Descriptors: Profiles, Toddlers, Young Children, Autism
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Cochran, Lisa; Welham, Alice; Oliver, Chris; Arshad, Adam; Moss, Joanna F. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Age-related behavioural change in Cornelia de Lange syndrome is poorly understood. We report a 7 year follow-up study of adaptive behaviour, autism spectrum disorder symptomatology, language skills and behavioural characteristics in 30 individuals with Cornelia de Lange syndrome, compared with 18 individuals with Cri du Chat syndrome. The…
Descriptors: Behavior Change, Followup Studies, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Hollocks, Matthew J.; Casson, Roland; White, Clare; Dobson, Jess; Beazley, Peter; Humphrey, Ayla – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The SCQ is a widely used screening measure for the assessment of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, its sensitivity and specificity when used with older children in the context of community Child & Adolescent Mental Health services is unclear. Seventy-seven (Mean age = 12.8 years) young people with suspected ASD were screened using…
Descriptors: Interpersonal Competence, Mental Health, Health Services, Autism
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Esler, Amy; Hewitt, Amy; Hall-Lande, Jennifer; Pettingell, Sandra L.; Houseworth, James – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have higher rates of co-occurring diagnoses and use of psychotropic medication prescriptions than people with other developmental disabilities. Few studies have examined these trends in samples of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) with and without ASD. Using a random…
Descriptors: Drug Therapy, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Developmental Disabilities
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Shrestha, Rena; Dissanayake, Cheryl; Barbaro, Josephine – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The current study investigated the age of diagnosis (AoD) of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in Nepal by using de-identified data on 246 children with a diagnosis of ASD registered at AutismCare Nepal Society from 2010 to 2015. The mean AoD in children was 58 months (range 14-187 months). Majority of children were male (76%), lived in the Kathmandu…
Descriptors: Clinical Diagnosis, Age Differences, Age, Autism
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Hu, Huei-Fan; Liu, Tai-Ling; Hsiao, Ray C.; Ni, Hsing-Chang; Liang, Sophie Hsin-Yi; Lin, Chiao-Fan; Chan, Hsiang-Lin; Hsieh, Yi-Hsuan; Wang, Liang-Jen; Lee, Min-Jing; Chou, Wen-Jiun; Yen, Cheng-Fang – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The present study examined the associations between cyberbullying involvement and sociodemographic characteristics, autistic social impairment and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms in 219 adolescents with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Moreover, the associations between…
Descriptors: Bullying, Computer Mediated Communication, Adolescents, Depression (Psychology)
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Harmsen, Irene E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Empathy is an essential component of human social life. It requires the ability to understand another's mental state and respond with an appropriate emotion or action. Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have been described to exhibit atypical empathic responses which limit communication and social interactions. This review highlights…
Descriptors: Empathy, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Age Differences
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Baker, Jason K.; Fenning, Rachel M.; Moffitt, Jacquelyn – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Cross-sectional data from Fenning et al. (J Autism Dev Disord, 48:3858-3870, 2018) were used to examine age differences in processes related to the development of emotion regulation in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Forty-six children with ASD between the ages of 4 and 11 years and their primary caregivers participated in structured…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Age Differences
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Syriopoulou-Delli, Christine K.; Polychronopoulou, Stavroula A.; Kolaitis, Gerasimos A.; Antoniou, Alexandros-Stamatios G. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
People with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) exhibit comorbidity with anxiety. The aim of this study was the investigation of the perception of teachers on anxiety in school children with ASD. The Scale Teacher Response (SAS-TR) questionnaire was completed by 291 special education and 118 general education teachers, providing data on students in…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Anxiety, Intelligence Quotient, Correlation
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Franke, Kathleen Blackburn; Hills, Kimberly; Huebner, E. Scott; Flory, Kate – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
We provided evidence regarding the reliability and validity of measures of assets and life satisfaction (LS) for adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We identified levels of LS within this population, compared these levels to those of typically developing adolescents, and described the relation between assets and LS. Forty-six…
Descriptors: Life Satisfaction, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Age Differences
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Peñuelas-Calvo, Inmaculada; Sareen, Aditya; Sevilla-Llewellyn-Jones, Julia; Fernández-Berrocal, Pablo – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
We conducted a meta-analysis of 18 studies to establish whether a relation exists between Reading the Mind in the Eye Test (RMET) performance and intelligence quotient (IQ) in individuals diagnosed with autism-spectrum disorders (ASD) and controls, taking into account relevant characteristics such as age, gender, and autism quotient. Our findings…
Descriptors: Meta Analysis, Control Groups, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Stronach, Sheri; Wiegand, Sarah; Mentz, Emily – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Increased public understanding of autism may lead to better access to services and participation in the community for individuals with autism. The goal of this study was to explore autism understanding and stigma among university students, and general community members recruited at a state fair. Participants between 18 and 79 years of age (n =…
Descriptors: Autism, Social Bias, Knowledge Level, College Students
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