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Hohn, Vanessa D.; de Veld, Danielle M. J.; Mataw, Kawita J. S.; van Someren, Eus J. W.; Begeer, Sander – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Insomnia is a common source of distress in adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Two characteristics of ASD could be relevant to insomnia complaints by hampering the entrainment of a circadian sleep-wake rhythm. First, sensory hyper-reactivity could lead to bright light avoidance and thus affect photoperiodic input to the circadian system.…
Descriptors: Sleep, Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Leung, Cecilia Nga Wing; Chan, Raymond Won Shing; Yeung, Miko Yik Chui; Tsui, Henry Chi Hang – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Social competence training for adults with ASD were limited in comparison to intervention for children or adolescents. CBT-CSCA is a culturally-sensitive social competence training specially developed for adolescents in Hong Kong. With its demonstrated effectiveness, the current study outlined the adaptions of its adult version, CBT-CSCA (Adult)…
Descriptors: Interpersonal Competence, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Intervention
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Platos, Mateusz; Wojaczek, Kinga – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Peer-mediated intervention (PMI) is most commonly defined as a treatment approach that engages typically developing peers to teach children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) social skills and increase their social interactions, mainly in a school setting. In this letter, we address the limitations of such understanding of PMI and review the…
Descriptors: Peer Influence, Intervention, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Walsh, Edith; Holloway, Jennifer; Lydon, Helena – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are faced with significant barriers relating to employment opportunities and workplace participation. This study evaluated the effectiveness of the Walker social skills curriculum: the ACCESS program and video modeling to increase social communication skills necessary for workplace inclusion.…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Barriers
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do Egito, Julia Horta Tabosa; Ferreira, Gabrielle Martins Ribeiro; Gonçalves, Manoela Izidoro; Osório, Ana Alexandra Caldas – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
This study examined the factor structure of the Brazilian version of the "Autism-Spectrum Quotient". This is a self-report questionnaire for continuous and quantitative assessment of autistic spectrum traits in adults. Confirmatory factor analysis was performed on the five-factor model ("social skill," "attention…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Autism, Factor Structure, Questionnaires
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Davis, Matthew A. Cody; Spriggs, Amy; Rodgers, Alexis; Campbell, Jonathan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Deficits in social skills are often exhibited in individuals with comorbid Down syndrome (DS) and autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and there is a paucity of research to help guide intervention for this population. In the present study, a multiple probe study across behaviors, replicated across participants, assessed the effectiveness of…
Descriptors: Peer Teaching, Interpersonal Competence, Intervention, Adults
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Zwart, Fenny S.; Vissers, Constance Th. W. M.; Maes, Joseph H. R. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
It is assumed that learning on the Serial Reaction Time (SRT) task is related to learning involved in social skill development affected in autism, but this assumption has hardly been investigated. We have therefore examined associations between SRT task learning and social impairment measured by the Social Responsiveness Scale in 72 autistic and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Interpersonal Competence, Skill Development
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Mul, Cari-lène; Stagg, Steven D.; Herbelin, Bruno; Aspell, Jane E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Following recent evidence for a link between interoception, emotion and empathy, we investigated relationships between these factors in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). 26 adults with ASD and 26 healthy participants completed tasks measuring interoception, alexithymia and empathy. ASD participants with alexithymia demonstrated lower cognitive and…
Descriptors: Empathy, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Cognitive Processes
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Leader, Geraldine; Grennan, Susan; Chen, June L.; Mannion, Arlene – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Samson et al. ("Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders" 41:475-483, 2011) conducted the first empirical investigation examining the fear of being laughed at (gelotophobia) and its prevalence in individuals with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (hfASD). The present research examined gelotophobia in relation to social…
Descriptors: Fear, Interpersonal Competence, Life Satisfaction, Quality of Life
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Bishop-Fitzpatrick, Lauren; Minshew, Nancy J.; Mazefsky, Carla A.; Eack, Shaun M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
This study examined differences between adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD; N = 40) and typical community volunteers (N = 25) on measures of stressful life events, perceived stress, and biological stress response (cardiovascular and cortisol reactivity) during a novel social stress task. Additional analyses examined the relationship between…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Comparative Analysis
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Brewer, Neil; Young, Robyn L.; Barnett, Emily – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Deficits in Theory of Mind (ToM)--the ability to interpret others' beliefs, intentions and emotions--undermine the ability of individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) to interact in socially normative ways. This study provides psychometric data for the Adult-Theory of Mind (A-ToM) measure using video-scenarios based in part on Happé's…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Theory of Mind, Interpersonal Competence
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Otsuka, Sadao; Uono, Shota; Yoshimura, Sayaka; Zhao, Shuo; Toichi, Motomi – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
The aim of this study was to identify specific cognitive abilities that predict functional outcome in high-functioning adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and to clarify the contribution of those abilities and their relationships. In total, 41 adults with ASD performed cognitive tasks in a broad range of neuro- and social cognitive…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults, Cognitive Ability
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Reed, Phil – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
The relationships of autism quotient (AQ), systematizing (SQ), and empathizing (EQ), with over-selectivity were explored to assess whether over-selectivity is implicated in complex social skills, which has been assumed, but not experimentally examined. Eighty participants (aged 18-60) were trained on a simultaneous discrimination task (AB+CD-),…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Training, Late Adolescents
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Hull, Laura; Petrides, K. V.; Allison, Carrie; Smith, Paula; Baron-Cohen, Simon; Lai, Meng-Chuan; Mandy, William – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Camouflaging of autistic characteristics in social situations is hypothesised as a common social coping strategy for adults with autism spectrum conditions (ASC). Camouflaging may impact diagnosis, quality of life, and long-term outcomes, but little is known about it. This qualitative study examined camouflaging experiences in 92 adults with ASC,…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults, Coping
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Davidson, Denise; Vanegas, Sandra B.; Hilvert, Elizabeth – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Self-conscious emotions, such as shame, guilt and pride, facilitate our social interactions by motivating us to adhere to social norms and external standards. In this study, we examined proneness to shame, guilt, hubristic pride and authentic pride in adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder traits (ASD-T) and in neurotypical (NT) adults. Relations…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Emotional Response
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