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Showing 1 to 15 of 66 results Save | Export
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Boland, Kelly M.; Stichter, Janine P.; Beversdorf, David Q.; Christ, Shawn E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Recent research has documented impaired ability to resist interference from visual distractors in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and suggests that this phenomenon may be more pronounced in young versus older children (Christ et al., "Neuropsychology" 25(6):690-701, 2011). The present study extends previous findings by…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults, Adolescents
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Garcia-Pastor, T.; Salinero, J. J.; Theirs, C. I.; Ruiz-Vicente, D. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The purpose of the present study was to compare body composition and physical activity level between children and adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). A sample of 78 children, adolescents and adults participated in the study. Anthropometrics and physical activity, using GT1M accelerometer, were assessed. Overweight and obesity prevalence…
Descriptors: Obesity, Physical Activities, Physical Activity Level, Children
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Ezell, Jordan; Hogan, Abigail; Fairchild, Amanda; Hills, Kimberly; Klusek, Jessica; Abbeduto, Leonard; Roberts, Jane – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Anxiety disorders affect ~ 15-20% of youths without neurodevelopmental disorders, with persons having autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and fragile X syndrome (FXS) at elevated risk for anxiety disorders. Few studies have compared rates and predictors of anxiety disorders in adolescents with FXS or ASD. This study directly compares rates, predictors,…
Descriptors: Incidence, Predictor Variables, Anxiety, Anxiety Disorders
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Schaller, Ulrich Max; Biscaldi, Monica; Fangmeier, Thomas; Tebartz van Elst, Ludger; Rauh, Reinhold – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Using a schema-theoretical perspective in the field of moral cognition, we assessed response behavior of adolescent (n = 15) and adult (n = 22) individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in comparison with adolescent (n = 22) and adult (n = 22) neurotypically developed controls. We conceptualized the Intuitive Moral Reasoning Test--in five…
Descriptors: Moral Values, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Schemata (Cognition)
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Leung, Cecilia Nga Wing; Chan, Raymond Won Shing; Yeung, Miko Yik Chui; Tsui, Henry Chi Hang – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Social competence training for adults with ASD were limited in comparison to intervention for children or adolescents. CBT-CSCA is a culturally-sensitive social competence training specially developed for adolescents in Hong Kong. With its demonstrated effectiveness, the current study outlined the adaptions of its adult version, CBT-CSCA (Adult)…
Descriptors: Interpersonal Competence, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Intervention
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Platos, Mateusz; Wojaczek, Kinga – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Peer-mediated intervention (PMI) is most commonly defined as a treatment approach that engages typically developing peers to teach children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) social skills and increase their social interactions, mainly in a school setting. In this letter, we address the limitations of such understanding of PMI and review the…
Descriptors: Peer Influence, Intervention, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Martínez-González, A. E.; Piqueras, J. A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Restricted and repetitive behavior (RRB) is one of the two key diagnostic features of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). DSM-5 highlights the importance of severity-based diagnostic modifiers assigned on the basis of intensity of needed supports. Therefore, there is a need for available measures that assess the severity of RRB. The repetitive…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Clinical Diagnosis, Psychometrics
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Holmes, Laura G.; Kirby, Anne V.; Strassberg, Donald S.; Himle, Michael B. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Community stakeholders, researchers, and providers are increasingly focused on individual, family, and systemic factors that contribute to positive outcomes for adults on the autism spectrum. Parent expectations for their youth's future are associated with adult outcomes (e.g., employment, school success, independence), yet the mechanism for this…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults, Parent Attitudes
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Hegarty, John P., II; Weber, Dylan J.; Cirstea, Carmen M.; Beversdorf, David Q. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Atypical functional connectivity (FC) and an imbalance of excitation-to-inhibition (E/I) have been previously reported in cerebro-cerebellar circuits in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The current investigation used resting state fMRI and proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy ([superscript 1]H-MRS) to examine the relationships between E/I…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Diagnostic Tests, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Bao, Vanessa A.; Doobay, Victoria; Mottron, Laurent; Collignon, Olivier; Bertone, Armando – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Previous studies have suggested audiovisual multisensory integration (MSI) may be atypical in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). However, much of the research having found an alteration in MSI in ASD involved socio-communicative stimuli. The goal of the current study was to investigate MSI abilities in ASD using lower-level stimuli that are not…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Sensory Integration, Auditory Perception
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Brosnan, Mark; Ashwin, Chris; Lewton, Marcus – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Dual Process Theory has recently been applied to Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to suggest that reasoning by people with ASD and people with higher levels of ASD-like traits can be characterised by reduced intuitive and greater reflective processing. 26 adolescents and adults with ASD and 22 adolescent and adult controls completed an assessment of…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Intuition, Reflection
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Smith, Danielle; Ropar, Danielle; Allen, Harriet A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
In autism spectrum disorder (ASD), atypical integration of visual depth cues may be due to flattened perceptual priors or selective fusion. The current study attempts to disentangle these explanations by psychophysically assessing within-modality integration of ordinal (occlusion) and metric (disparity) depth cues while accounting for sensitivity…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Visual Acuity, Cues
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Dewinter, J.; De Graaf, H.; Begeer, S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
This study compared sexual orientation and romantic relationship experience in a large sample of adolescents and adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) (n = 675) and general population peers (n = 8064). Gender identity was explored in the ASD group in relation to assigned gender at birth. Compared to general population peers, more people with…
Descriptors: Sexual Orientation, Intimacy, Interpersonal Relationship, Adolescents
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Tint, Ami; Palucka, Anna M.; Bradley, Elspeth; Weiss, Jonathan A.; Lunsky, Yona – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
This study aimed to describe police interactions, satisfaction with police engagement, as well as examine correlates of police involvement among 284 adolescents and adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) followed over a 12- to 18-month period. Approximately 16% of individuals were reported to have some form of police involvement during the…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Capriola, Nicole N.; Maddox, Brenna B.; White, Susan W. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Social anxiety disorder (SAD) is a common comorbidity for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The present study examined the cardinal cognitive component of SAD, fear of negative evaluation (FNE), in adolescents and adults with ASD (n = 44; 59 % with social anxiety) and those without ASD (n = 69; 49 % with social anxiety). Group (ASD…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Interpersonal Competence, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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