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Burt, Diana B.; And Others – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1991
This report presents case studies of 4 adults with autism who enrolled in a work-training program utilizing a behavioral social interaction approach, and were subsequently competitively employed for 6 to 30 months. Success was associated with such factors as appropriate communication and interpersonal skills, gradual fading of supervision, and…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Behaviorism, Case Studies
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Rumsey, Judith M.; Hamburger, Susan D. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1990
To determine variations in cognitive characteristics, 10 nonretarded men with infantile autism, residual state, were compared with 15 severely dyslexic men and 25 controls on a neuropsychological test battery. The dyslexics showed a reduced digit span and the autistic group exhibited impaired problem-solving skills. (Author/JDD)
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Cognitive Ability, Comparative Analysis
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Jacobson, John W.; Ackerman, Lee J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1990
Differences in motoric and instrumental activity of daily living skills were compared between 1,442 people with autism and 24,048 people with mental retardation. Autistic children, age 5-12, had better developed skills than mentally retarded children matched by age and intellectual level. With increasing age, more developed instrumental skills…
Descriptors: Adaptive Behavior (of Disabled), Adults, Age Differences, Autism
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Smalley, Susan L.; Asarnow, Robert F. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1990
The study compared 9 nonretarded autistic males and 25 of their first-degree relatives with 22 control relatives, to identify potential cognitive subclinical markers in autism and differences in emotion recognition and labeling. Subjects showed an atypical cognitive profile with above average visuospatial ability and difficulty in recognizing…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Cognitive Ability, Emotional Development
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Mesibov, Gary B.; Stephens, Janet – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1990
Sixteen young adults with autism participated in a social skills group for several years and were asked to complete a sociogram and a questionnaire. Results are analyzed in terms of relationship between leaders' and group members' ratings, relationship between popularity and personal attributes, and sex and group differences. (Author/JDD)
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Individual Characteristics, Interpersonal Competence
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Szatmari, P.; And Others – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1989
The follow-up study of 16 nonretarded autistic children as adults found that, though most were functioning poorly in terms of occupational-social outcome and psychiatric symptoms, four had essentially recovered. Severity of early autistic behavior was a poor predictor of outcome, but neuropsychologic measures of nonverbal problem solving were…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Children, Emotional Adjustment
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Duker, Pieter C.; Rasing, Eef – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1989
The study assessed the effects of redesigning the classroom physical environment to minimize stimulation on the occurrence of self-stimulation, on-task behavior, inappropriate behavior, and inactivity with 3 autistic males (16, 16, and 26 years old). Self-stimulation and inactivity decreased and on-task behavior increased. (Author/DB)
Descriptors: Adolescents, Adults, Autism, Behavior Change
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Volkmar, Fred R.; And Others – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1988
The Autism Behavior Checklist was evaluated with 94 autistic and 63 nonautistic subjects. Although the two groups differed significantly in ratings of pathology both false positive and false negative diagnostic classifications occurred. The test appears to have merit as a screening instrument but should not be used alone to establish a diagnosis…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Behavior Patterns, Check Lists
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Elliott, Reed O., Jr.; And Others – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 1991
The effects of analog language teaching and natural language teaching on language generalization and long-term retention in 23 adults with autism and severe/profound mental retardation were examined. Natural language teaching was found to have many strengths and few drawbacks and to produce equal generalization and retention under conditions…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Elementary Secondary Education, English Instruction