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Boland, Kelly M.; Stichter, Janine P.; Beversdorf, David Q.; Christ, Shawn E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Recent research has documented impaired ability to resist interference from visual distractors in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and suggests that this phenomenon may be more pronounced in young versus older children (Christ et al., "Neuropsychology" 25(6):690-701, 2011). The present study extends previous findings by…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults, Adolescents
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Cañigueral, Roser; Hamilton, Antonia F. de C. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Autistic people process gaze differently than typical people, but it is not yet clear if these differences lie in the processing of eye-shapes or the belief in whether others can see (perceptual mentalizing). We aimed to investigate whether these two models of gaze processing modulate social seeking in typical and autistic adults. We measured…
Descriptors: Autism, Beliefs, Nonverbal Communication, Cognitive Processes
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Garcia-Villamisar, D.; Moore, D.; Garcia-Martínez, M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Research on pain in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is in its infancy, with almost nothing known about how individual differences may predicting pain response in ASD. In the present study, 45 adults (28 male, age 22-48 years) with diagnoses of autism and intellectual delay were observed during vaccination or dental cleaning and their pain…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Pain, Clinical Diagnosis
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Vogel, David; Falter-Wagner, Christine M.; Schoofs, Theresa; Krämer, Katharina; Kupke, Christian; Vogeley, Kai – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Although the experience of time is of central relevance for psychopathology, qualitative approaches to study the inner experience of time have been largely neglected in autism research. We present results from qualitative data acquired from 26 adults with high functioning autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Employing inductive content analysis we…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Time, Psychopathology
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Garcia-Pastor, T.; Salinero, J. J.; Theirs, C. I.; Ruiz-Vicente, D. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The purpose of the present study was to compare body composition and physical activity level between children and adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). A sample of 78 children, adolescents and adults participated in the study. Anthropometrics and physical activity, using GT1M accelerometer, were assessed. Overweight and obesity prevalence…
Descriptors: Obesity, Physical Activities, Physical Activity Level, Children
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Amos, Georgina A.; Byrne, Graeme; Chouinard, Philippe A.; Godber, Timothy – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The relationship between autistic traits, stress, and anxiety experienced by the general population was investigated using an adult sample that evaluated the suitability of three theoretical models proposed by Green and Ben-Sasson. Participants completed online questionnaires that were analysed using structural equation modelling and partial…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Stress Variables, Anxiety
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Denmark, Tanya; Atkinson, Joanna; Campbell, Ruth; Swettenham, John – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study examined facial expressions produced during a British Sign Language (BSL) narrative task (Herman et al., International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders 49(3):343-353, 2014) by typically developing deaf children and deaf children with autism spectrum disorder. The children produced BSL versions of a video story in which…
Descriptors: Deafness, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Sign Language
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Lobregt-van Buuren, Ella; Sizoo, Bram; Mevissen, Liesbeth; de Jongh, Ad – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The study investigated whether EMDR is a feasible therapy for adults with ASD and a history of adverse events, and whether it is associated with reductions in symptoms of PTSD, psychological distress and autism. Participants received 6 to 8 weeks treatment as usual (TAU), followed by a maximum of 8 sessions EMDR added to TAU, and a follow-up of…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Therapy, Adults, Autism
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Schuck, Rachel K.; Flores, Ryan E.; Fung, Lawrence K. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is more prevalent in males than females. Previous research indicates females camouflage ASD symptoms more than males, potentially contributing to the difference in prevalence. This study investigated sex/gender differences in behavioral phenotypes in 17 males and 11 females with ASD, as well camouflaging in ASD, in…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Gender Differences, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Wang, Shuo – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Prior studies have emphasized the contribution of aberrant amygdala structure and function in social aspects of autism. However, it remains largely unknown whether amygdala dysfunction directly impairs visual attention and exploration as has been observed in people with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Here, gaze patterns were directly compared…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Visual Perception
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Baghdadli, Amaria; Rattaz, Cécile; Michelon, Cécile; Pernon, Eric; Munir, Kerim – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
There is limited data on long-term outcome of ASD with co-occurring intellectual disabilities (ID) and challenging behaviours in France. The EpiTED period cohort is a 15 years longitudinal study of the developmental trajectories of 281 children initially recruited at mean age of 5 years. Two contrasted developmental trajectories were identified.…
Descriptors: Followup Studies, Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Kissine, Mikhail; Geelhand, Philippine – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Subjective impressions of speech delivery in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) as monotonic or over-precise are widespread but still lack robust acoustic evidence. This study provides a detailed acoustic characterization of the specificities of speech in individuals with ASD using an extensive sample of speech data, from the production of narratives…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Speech Communication
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Carpenter, Katie L.; Williams, David M.; Nicholson, Toby – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
It has been argued that metacognition and mindreading rely on the same cognitive processes (Carruthers in The opacity of mind: an integrative theory of self-knowledge, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2011). It is widely accepted that mindreading is diminished among individuals diagnosed with autism (Brunsdon and Happé in Autism 18(1):17-30,…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Cognitive Processes
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Hartley, Matthew; Dorstyn, Diana; Due, Clemence – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Mindfulness-based therapies are rising in popularity. However, evidence for their effectiveness in reducing psychological distress and enhancing wellbeing for families living with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is limited. A systematic search identified 10 independent studies, involving a pooled sample of 233 children and adults with ASD and 241…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Well Being, Psychological Patterns, Autism
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Jensen, Alexander C.; Orsmond, Gael I. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Siblings often oversee the well-being of an adult with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The current study contributes to the literature by examining correlates of support provided to siblings in young adulthood in the context of the broader autism phenotype (BAP). Young adults (n = 866; M[subscript age] = 25.43, SD = 2.54; 55% female) reported on…
Descriptors: Siblings, Well Being, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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