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Showing 1 to 15 of 589 results Save | Export
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Boland, Kelly M.; Stichter, Janine P.; Beversdorf, David Q.; Christ, Shawn E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Recent research has documented impaired ability to resist interference from visual distractors in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and suggests that this phenomenon may be more pronounced in young versus older children (Christ et al., "Neuropsychology" 25(6):690-701, 2011). The present study extends previous findings by…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults, Adolescents
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Rasmussen, Lotte; Pratt, Nicole; Roughead, Elizabeth; Moffat, Anna – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Based on data from the Longitudinal Study of Australian Children linked with pharmacy dispensing data from the Australian Government's Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme, we calculated the 1-year prevalence of psychotropic medicine supply in children and adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) as reported by parents in 2014. The majority of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Incidence, Drug Therapy, Children
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Garcia-Pastor, T.; Salinero, J. J.; Theirs, C. I.; Ruiz-Vicente, D. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The purpose of the present study was to compare body composition and physical activity level between children and adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD). A sample of 78 children, adolescents and adults participated in the study. Anthropometrics and physical activity, using GT1M accelerometer, were assessed. Overweight and obesity prevalence…
Descriptors: Obesity, Physical Activities, Physical Activity Level, Children
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Shivers, Carolyn M.; McGregor, Casey M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The present study examined 97 adolescent siblings of individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD), or no disabilities. Siblings reported on their feelings toward their brother or sister (anxiety, hostility, and positive affect), and parents reported on general optimism, child behavior problems,…
Descriptors: Sibling Relationship, Siblings, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Keith, Jessica M.; Jamieson, Jeremy P.; Bennetto, Loisa – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This study examined the impact of noise on cognitive performance in autism spectrum disorder (ASD), while concurrently measuring sympathetic responses. Adolescents with and without ASD completed visually presented span tasks in a 2 × 2 experimental manipulation of noise (quiet vs. 75 dB gated broadband noise) and task difficulty (easier vs.…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adolescents, Acoustics
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de Giambattista, Concetta; Ventura, Patrizia; Trerotoli, Paolo; Margari, Mariella; Palumbi, Roberto; Margari, Lucia – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Since Hans Asperger's first description (Arch Psych Nervenkrankh 117:76-136, 1944), through Lorna Wing's translation and definition (Psychol Med 11:115-129, 1981), to its introduction in the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM, 1994), Asperger Syndrome has always aroused huge interest and debate, until…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Asperger Syndrome, Comparative Analysis
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Kennedy, P. J.; Sinfield, Philip; Tweedlie, Lucy; Nixon, Carol; Martin, Aisling; Edwards, Katie – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) affects approximately 1% of the general population. The prevalence of ASD, or symptom complexes compatible with ASD, amongst young people residing within Secure Children's Homes (SCH's) remains ill understood. There are critical implications for the resourcing and understanding of the management of young people…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Residential Care, Interpersonal Competence
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Feldman, Jacob I.; Kuang, Wayne; Conrad, Julie G.; Tu, Alexander; Santapuram, Pooja; Simon, David M.; Foss-Feig, Jennifer H.; Kwakye, Leslie D.; Stevenson, Ryan A.; Wallace, Mark T.; Woynaroski, Tiffany G. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Research shows that children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) differ in their behavioral patterns of responding to sensory stimuli (i.e., sensory responsiveness) and in various other aspects of sensory functioning relative to typical peers. This study explored relations between measures of sensory responsiveness and multisensory speech…
Descriptors: Sensory Integration, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children
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Hollocks, Matthew J.; Casson, Roland; White, Clare; Dobson, Jess; Beazley, Peter; Humphrey, Ayla – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The SCQ is a widely used screening measure for the assessment of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, its sensitivity and specificity when used with older children in the context of community Child & Adolescent Mental Health services is unclear. Seventy-seven (Mean age = 12.8 years) young people with suspected ASD were screened using…
Descriptors: Interpersonal Competence, Mental Health, Health Services, Autism
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Holmes, Laura Graham; Strassberg, Donald S.; Himle, Michael B. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Families are critical for supporting healthy sexuality and relationship development for youth with autism. The objective of this study was to describe family sexuality communication for adolescent girls with autism. Participants were 141 parents of autistic daughters who completed an online survey about sexuality development. Most parents relied…
Descriptors: Family (Sociological Unit), Health, Family Relationship, Sexuality
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Shrestha, Rena; Dissanayake, Cheryl; Barbaro, Josephine – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The current study investigated the age of diagnosis (AoD) of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in Nepal by using de-identified data on 246 children with a diagnosis of ASD registered at AutismCare Nepal Society from 2010 to 2015. The mean AoD in children was 58 months (range 14-187 months). Majority of children were male (76%), lived in the Kathmandu…
Descriptors: Clinical Diagnosis, Age Differences, Age, Autism
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Vasilevska Petrovska, Ivana; Trajkovski, Vladimir – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
This randomized controlled study evaluated a computer-based intervention on emotion understanding in 32 children with autism spectrum conditions with and without intellectual disability (ID) aged 7-15 years. The intervention group (n = 16) used the program for 12 h while the control group (n = 16) was not included in any intervention or training…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Intervention, Emotional Response, Children
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Brayette, Maëva; Saliba, Elie; Malvy, Joëlle; Blanc, Romuald; Ponson, Laura; Tripi, Gabriele; Roux, Sylvie; Bonnet-Brilhault, Frédérique – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Extreme prematurity is known as a risk factor for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, the association between prematurity and ASD, for children born moderately and late preterm (MLPT) and those born early term (ET), is less established. This retrospective study aimed to characterize the phenotypic characteristics (i.e. behavioral profile and…
Descriptors: Premature Infants, At Risk Persons, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Hu, Huei-Fan; Liu, Tai-Ling; Hsiao, Ray C.; Ni, Hsing-Chang; Liang, Sophie Hsin-Yi; Lin, Chiao-Fan; Chan, Hsiang-Lin; Hsieh, Yi-Hsuan; Wang, Liang-Jen; Lee, Min-Jing; Chou, Wen-Jiun; Yen, Cheng-Fang – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The present study examined the associations between cyberbullying involvement and sociodemographic characteristics, autistic social impairment and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) symptoms in 219 adolescents with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Moreover, the associations between…
Descriptors: Bullying, Computer Mediated Communication, Adolescents, Depression (Psychology)
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Sullivan, Matthew O.; Gallagher, Louise; Heron, Elizabeth A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Aggressive behaviour is a significant issue for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), yet our understanding is limited compared to aggression in typically developing populations. This study examined behavioural, adaptive and cognitive data provided by the Simons Simplex Collection (N = 2184) to identify behavioural subgroups in children…
Descriptors: Aggression, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Statistical Analysis
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