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Payne, Katy-Louise; Russell, Ailsa; Mills, Richard; Maras, Katie; Rai, Dheeraj; Brosnan, Mark – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
International law enforcement agencies have reported an apparent preponderance of autistic individuals amongst perpetrators of cyber-dependent crimes, such as hacking or spreading malware (Ledingham and Mills in Adv Autism 1:1-10, 2015). However, no empirical evidence exists to support such a relationship. This is the first study to empirically…
Descriptors: Crime, Criminals, Autism, Information Technology
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Syriopoulou-Delli, Christine K.; Polychronopoulou, Stavroula A.; Kolaitis, Gerasimos A.; Antoniou, Alexandros-Stamatios G. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
People with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) exhibit comorbidity with anxiety. The aim of this study was the investigation of the perception of teachers on anxiety in school children with ASD. The Scale Teacher Response (SAS-TR) questionnaire was completed by 291 special education and 118 general education teachers, providing data on students in…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Anxiety, Intelligence Quotient, Correlation
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Gurbuz, Emine; Hanley, Mary; Riby, Deborah M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
The number of university students with autism is increasing, and it is crucial that these students can access adequate support. An online questionnaire was completed by 26 autistic students and 158 non-autistic students enrolled at UK universities to investigate social and academic experiences. Autistic students self-reported significant…
Descriptors: College Students, Autism, Social Experience, Student Experience
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Knüppel, Ane; Telléus, Gry Kjaersdam; Jakobsen, Helle; Lauritsen, Marlene Briciet – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Daytime activity, in terms of engagement in an occupation or education, is highly important for individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), regardless of their level of functioning. In this nationwide survey, the parents of young adults diagnosed with ASD in childhood (n = 1266) provided information about the current daytime activity of their…
Descriptors: Young Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Parents
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Rutz, Audrey; Dent, Karin M.; Botto, Lorenzo D.; Young, Paul C.; Carbone, Paul S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Despite current guidelines, few children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) receive genetic evaluations. We surveyed Utah pediatricians to characterize the knowledge, beliefs, current practices and perceived barriers of pediatricians regarding genetic evaluation of children with ASD. We found over half lacked knowledge of current guidelines and…
Descriptors: Pediatrics, Physicians, Children, Autism
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Chen, Jing; Lin, Tzu-Jung; Justice, Laura; Sawyer, Brook – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Interaction with peers is an important contributor to young children's social and cognitive development. Yet, little is known about the nature of social networks within preschool inclusive classrooms. The current study applied a social network analysis to characterize children's peer interactions in inclusive classrooms and their relations with…
Descriptors: Social Networks, Preschool Children, Students with Disabilities, Early Childhood Education
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Lee, Elinda Ai Lim; Black, Melissa H.; Tan, Tele; Falkmer, Torbjorn; Girdler, Sonya – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
As postsecondary outcomes of adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) are poor, there is a need for programs that aim to improve employment and education outcomes. This study employed a grounded theory approach to explore the key factors contributing to successful work placement experience and the perceived benefits of these placements from…
Descriptors: High School Students, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Work Experience
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Pecukonis, Meredith; Plesa Skwerer, Daniela; Eggleston, Brady; Meyer, Steven; Tager-Flusberg, Helen – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Numerous studies have investigated the predictors of language in pre-verbal toddlers and verbally fluent children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The present study investigated the concurrent relations among expressive language and a set of empirically-selected social communication variables--joint attention, imitation, and play--in a unique…
Descriptors: Children, Adolescents, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Berg, Kristin L.; Acharya, Kruti; Shiu, Cheng-Shi; Msall, Michael E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
The effects of family adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on timing of ASD diagnoses and receipt of therapies were measured using data from the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health. Parametric accelerated failure time models estimated the relationship between family ACEs and both timing of ASD diagnosis and receipt of therapies among US…
Descriptors: Clinical Diagnosis, Autism, Comparative Analysis, Barriers
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Edwards, Amelia G.; Brebner, Chris M.; McCormack, Paul F.; MacDougall, Colin J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Parents of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder are responsible for deciding which interventions to implement with their child. There is limited research examining parental decision-making with regards to intervention approaches. A constructivist grounded theory methodology was implemented in this study. Semi-structured interviews were…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Decision Making, Parent Attitudes
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Davis, Paige E.; Simon, Haley; Meins, Elizabeth; Robins, Diana L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
One of the deficits observed in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is impaired imaginative play. One form of imaginative play common in many typically developing (TD) children is having an imaginary companion (IC). The occurrence of ICs has not been investigated extensively in children with ASD. We examined differences in parent report of IC between…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Children, Play
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Heys, Michelle; Gibbons, Felicity; Haworth, Ed; Medeiros, Emilie; Tumbahangphe, Kirti Man; Wickenden, Mary; Shrestha, Merina; Costello, Anthony; Manandhar, Dharma; Pellicano, Elizabeth – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Few data exist on the prevalence of autism in low-income countries. We translated, adapted and tested the acceptability of a Nepali-language version of a screening tool for autism (Autism Quotient-10). Using this tool, we estimated autism prevalence in 4098 rural Nepali children aged 9-13 years. Fourteen children scored > 6 out of 10,…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Screening Tests, Foreign Countries
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Kim, So Yeon; Rispoli, Mandy; Lory, Catharine; Gregori, Emily; Brodhead, Matthew T. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a shared reading intervention on narrative story comprehension and task engagement of students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A single-case multiple baseline design was used, and three elementary-aged students with ASD participated in this study. The shared reading intervention…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Reading Aloud to Others, Reading Instruction
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Williams, Justin H. G.; Cameron, Isobel M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Impaired motor cognition may underpin empathy problems in autism. The actions and feelings questionnaire (AFQ), designed to examine individual differences in motor cognition, was completed fully by 1391 adults, of whom 326 reported a diagnosis of an autism spectrum condition (ASC). A confirmatory factor analysis supported a 3 factor model. The AFQ…
Descriptors: Questionnaires, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults
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Berger, Natalie I.; Manston, Lauren; Ingersoll, Brooke – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the Scale of Treatment Perceptions (STP), a measure of treatment acceptability targeting skill-building interventions for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). This scale utilizes a strength-based approach to intervention assessment, and was established by modifying the Behavior Intervention Rating…
Descriptors: Skill Development, Intervention, Young Children, Autism
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