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Bejnö, Hampus; Roll-Pettersson, Lise; Klintwall, Lars; Långh, Ulrika; Odom, Samuel L.; Bölte, Sven – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Increasing rates of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and younger age at diagnosis pose a challenge to preschool intervention systems. In Sweden, most young autistic children receive intervention service in community-based preschool programs, but no tool is yet available to assess the quality of the preschool learning environment. This study adapted…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis, Community Programs
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Rogge, Nicky; Janssen, Juliette – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Autism is associated with a range of costs. This paper reviews the literature on estimating the economic costs of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). More or less 50 papers covering multiple countries (US, UK, Australia, Canada, Sweden, the Netherlands, etc.) were analysed. Six types of costs are discussed in depth: (i) medical and healthcare service…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Costs, Health Care Costs
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Sappok, Tanja; Brooks, Whitney; Heinrich, Manuel; McCarthy, Jane; Underwood, Lisa – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Diagnosing Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) is important throughout the lifespan. The objective was to investigate the transcultural diagnostic validity of the Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) in a clinical sample of 451 adults with Intellectual Developmental Disorder (IDD) with and without ASD in Germany, the U.S.A. and Great Britain.…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Validity, Intellectual Disability
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Soke, Gnakub N.; Rosenberg, Steven A.; Hamman, Richard F.; Fingerlin, Tasha; Robinson, Cordelia; Carpenter, Laura; Giarelli, Ellen; Lee, Li-Ching; Wiggins, Lisa D.; Durkin, Maureen S.; DiGuiseppi, Carolyn – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Self-injurious behaviors (SIB) have been reported in more than 30% of children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in clinic-based studies. This study estimated the prevalence of SIB in a large population-based sample of children with ASD in the United States. A total of 8,065 children who met the surveillance case definition for ASD in the…
Descriptors: Self Destructive Behavior, Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Obeid, Rita; Daou, Nidal; DeNigris, Danielle; Shane-Simpson, Christina; Brooks, Patricia J.; Gillespie-Lynch, Kristen – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Although misconceptions associated with ASD are apparent worldwide, they may differ across cultures. This study compares knowledge and stigma associated with ASD in a country with limited autism resources, Lebanon, and a country with substantial autism resources, the United States (US). College students in the US (N = 346) and Lebanon (N = 329)…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Cross Cultural Studies, Foreign Countries
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Russell, Ginny; Rodgers, Lauren R.; Ukoumunne, Obioha C.; Ford, Tamsin – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
The UK prevalence of parent-reported autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) were estimated from the Millennium Cohort Study. Case definition was if a doctor or health care professional had ever told parents that their child had ASD and/or ADHD. Data were collected in 2008/2009 for 14,043 children. 1.7%…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Cohort Analysis
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Peters, Brittany; Williams, Kent C.; Gorrindo, Phillip; Rosenberg, Daniel; Lee, Evon Batey; Levitt, Pat; Veenstra-VanderWeele, Jeremy – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Based on clinical experience, we hypothesized that rigid-compulsive behaviors are associated with severe constipation and co-occurring diarrhea or underwear staining in children with autism spectrum disorder. Using data from the Autism Treatment Network, we evaluated the association between these gastrointestinal symptoms and measures of rigid…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Schendel, Diana E.; Bresnahan, Michaeline; Carter, Kim W.; Francis, Richard W.; Gissler, Mika; Grønborg, Therese K.; Gross, Raz; Gunnes, Nina; Hornig, Mady; Hultman, Christina M.; Langridge, Amanda; Lauritsen, Marlene B.; Leonard, Helen; Parner, Erik T.; Reichenberg, Abraham; Sandin, Sven; Sourander, Andre; Stoltenberg, Camilla; Suominen, Auli; Surén, Pål; Susser, Ezra – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2013
The International Collaboration for Autism Registry Epidemiology (iCARE) is the first multinational research consortium (Australia, Denmark, Finland, Israel, Norway, Sweden, USA) to promote research in autism geographical and temporal heterogeneity, phenotype, family and life course patterns, and etiology. iCARE devised solutions to challenges in…
Descriptors: Autism, Epidemiology, International Cooperation, Consortia
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Davidovitch, Michael; Hemo, Beatriz; Manning-Courtney, Patricia; Fombonne, Eric – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2013
The prevalence of autism spectrum disorders has been steadily rising. In most parts of the world, rates as high as 1% are reported, including in the United States. In Israel, previously reported prevalence rates have been in the 0.2% range, and were based on parental reporting of diagnosis. In this study, records from one of the largest Israeli…
Descriptors: Autism, Foreign Countries, Incidence, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Freedman, Brian H.; Kalb, Luther G.; Zablotsky, Benjamin; Stuart, Elizabeth A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2012
Despite speculation about an 80% divorce rate among parents of children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), very little empirical and no epidemiological research has addressed the issue of separation and divorce among this population. Data for this study was taken from the 2007 National Survey of Children's Health, a population-based,…
Descriptors: Divorce, Parent Attitudes, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Braunschweig, Daniel; Duncanson, Paul; Boyce, Robert; Hansen, Robin; Ashwood, Paul; Pessah, Isaac N.; Hertz-Picciotto, Irva; Van de Water, Judy – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2012
Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) affect approximately 1 in 110 children in the United States. This report profiles fetal-brain reactive autoantibodies of a large cohort of mothers of children with autism and controls, yielding significant associations between the presence of IgG reactivity to fetal brain proteins at 37 and 73 kDa and a childhood…
Descriptors: Mothers, Autism, Disability Identification, Children
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Rosenberg, Rebecca E.; Mandell, David S.; Farmer, Janet E.; Law, J. Kiely; Marvin, Alison R.; Law, Paul A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2010
Patterns of current psychotropic medication use among 5,181 children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) enrolled in a Web-based registry were examined. Overall, 35% used at least one psychotropic medication, most commonly stimulants, neuroleptics, and/or antidepressants. Those who were uninsured or exclusively privately insured were less likely…
Descriptors: Mental Retardation, Autism, Multivariate Analysis, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Kuhlthau, Karen; Orlich, Felice; Hall, Trevor A.; Sikora, Darryn; Kovacs, Erica A.; Delahaye, Jennifer; Clemons, Traci E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2010
We examined data collected as a part of the Autism Treatment Network, a group of 15 autism centers across the United States and Canada. Mean Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) scores of the 286 children assessed were significantly lower than those of healthy populations (according to published norms). When compared to normative data from…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Quality of Life, Foreign Countries
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Wong, V. C. N. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2009
A cross-sectional survey of the use of CAM by children was undertaken in the Duchess of Kent Children's Hospital in Hong Kong (March-December 2006). A questionnaire survey concerning the use of CAM was administered to chief caretakers (only the mothers) who accompanied children with neurodevelopmental disabilities followed up in our…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Medicine, Sensory Integration
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Singh, Jennifer; Illes, Judy; Lazzeroni, Laura; Hallmayer, Joachim – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2009
This study shows that the number of autism research grants funded in the US from 1997 to 2006 significantly increased 15% per year. Although the majority of projects were concentrated in basic science (65%) compared to clinical (15%) and translational research (20%), there is a significant decrease in the proportion of basic research grants per…
Descriptors: Autism, Grants, Financial Support, Research Design
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