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Showing 1 to 15 of 18 results Save | Export
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Kennedy, P. J.; Sinfield, Philip; Tweedlie, Lucy; Nixon, Carol; Martin, Aisling; Edwards, Katie – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Autistic Spectrum Disorder (ASD) affects approximately 1% of the general population. The prevalence of ASD, or symptom complexes compatible with ASD, amongst young people residing within Secure Children's Homes (SCH's) remains ill understood. There are critical implications for the resourcing and understanding of the management of young people…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Residential Care, Interpersonal Competence
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Cole, Eleanor J.; Slocombe, Katie E.; Barraclough, Nick E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Previous research suggests that Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) might be associated with impairments on implicit but not explicit mentalizing tasks. However, such comparisons are made difficult by the heterogeneity of stimuli and the techniques used to measure mentalizing capabilities. We tested the abilities of 34 individuals (17 with ASD) to…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults, Intention
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McConachie, Helen; Mason, David; Parr, Jeremy R.; Garland, Deborah; Wilson, Colin; Rodgers, Jacqui – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Accurate measurement of quality of life (QoL) is important for evaluation of autism services and trials of interventions. We undertook psychometric validation of the World Health Organisation measure--WHOQoL-BREF, examined construct validity of the WHO Disabilities module and developed nine additional autism-specific items (ASQoL) from extensive…
Descriptors: Quality of Life, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Test Validity
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Hartley, Calum; Fisher, Sophie – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
This study investigated whether children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and typically developing children matched on receptive language share resources fairly and reciprocally. Children completed age-appropriate versions of the Ultimatum and Dictator Games with real stickers and an interactive partner. Both groups offered similar numbers of…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Social Development
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Lewis, Gary J.; Shakeshaft, Nicolas G.; Plomin, Robert – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and autism-like traits are associated with deficits in face memory ability, although it is not yet clear whether this deficit reflects a specific aspect of the ASD/autism-like phenotype. We addressed this issue using a neurotypical sample of adolescent twins (N[subscript complete pairs] = 782) drawn from the Twins…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Identification, Genetics
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Jones, Catherine R. G.; Lambrechts, Anna; Gaigg, Sebastian B. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Establishing whether implicit responses to emotional cues are intact in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is fundamental to ascertaining why their emotional understanding is compromised. We used a temporal bisection task to assess for responsiveness to face and wildlife images that varied in emotional salience. There were no significant differences…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Emotional Response, Time
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Burrell, Alexander; Ives, Jonathan; Unwin, Gemma – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Research exploring parents' experiences of having offspring with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) currently underrepresents fathers. This study aimed to develop an understanding of the experience of fathers, with a view to facilitating improved support. Eight fathers participated in semi-structured interviews exploring their experiences of fathering…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Fathers
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Sheppard, Elizabeth; van Loon, Editha; Underwood, Geoffrey; Ropar, Danielle – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
The current study explored attentional processing of social and non-social stimuli in ASD within the context of a driving hazard perception task. Participants watched videos of road scenes and detected hazards while their eye movements were recorded. Although individuals with ASD demonstrated relatively good detection of driving hazards, they were…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Attention
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Henry, Lucy A.; Crane, Laura; Nash, Gilly; Hobson, Zoe; Kirke-Smith, Mimi; Wilcock, Rachel – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Three promising investigative interview interventions were assessed in 270 children (age 6-11 years): 71 with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and 199 who were typically developing (TD). Children received "Verbal Labels," "Sketch Reinstatement of Context" or "Registered Intermediary" interviews designed to improve…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Interviews
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Maras, Katie L.; Crane, Laura; Mulcahy, Sue; Hawken, Tamsyn; Cooper, Penny; Wurtzel, David; Memon, Amina – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Online surveys were used to sample the views of judges, barristers and solicitors (n = 33) about their engagement with autistic individuals in criminal courts in England and Wales. Despite an understanding of some of the difficulties experienced by individuals with autism, and the adjustments suitable for supporting them, legal professionals…
Descriptors: Autism, Court Litigation, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Crime
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Engelhardt, Paul E.; Alfridijanta, Oliver; McMullon, Mhairi E. G.; Corley, Martin – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
We re-evaluate conclusions about disfluency production in high-functioning forms of autism spectrum disorder (HFA). Previous studies examined individuals with HFA to address a theoretical question regarding speaker- and listener-oriented disfluencies. Individuals with HFA tend to be self-centric and have poor pragmatic language skills, and should…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Individual Differences, Comparative Analysis
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Grainger, Catherine; Williams, David M.; Lind, Sophie E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
This study explored whether adults and adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) demonstrate difficulties making metacognitive judgments, specifically judgments of learning. Across two experiments, the study examined whether individuals with ASD could accurately judge whether they had learnt a piece of information (in this case word pairs).…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Accuracy, Adolescents
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Brett, Denise; Warnell, Frances; McConachie, Helen; Parr, Jeremy R. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Clinical initiatives have aimed to reduce the age at ASD diagnosis in the UK. This study investigated whether the median age at diagnosis in childhood has reduced in recent years, and identified the factors associated with earlier diagnosis in the UK. Data on 2,134 children with ASD came from two large family databases. Results showed that the age…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Clinical Diagnosis
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Crane, Laura; Maras, Katie L.; Hawken, Tamsyn; Mulcahy, Sue; Memon, Amina – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
An online survey gathered the experiences and views of 394 police officers (from England and Wales) regarding autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Just 42% of officers were satisfied with how they had worked with individuals with ASD and reasons for this varied. Although officers acknowledged the need for adjustments, organisational/time constraints…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Police, Foreign Countries
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Waite, Jane; Beck, Sarah R.; Heald, Mary; Powis, Laurie; Oliver, Chris – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Working memory (WM) impairments might amplify behavioural difference in genetic syndromes. Murine models of Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RTS) evidence memory impairments but there is limited research on memory in RTS. Individuals with RTS and typically developing children completed WM tasks, with participants with RTS completing an IQ assessment and…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Spatial Ability, Verbal Ability, Verbal Development
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