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Showing 1 to 15 of 39 results Save | Export
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Rogge, Nicky; Janssen, Juliette – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Autism is associated with a range of costs. This paper reviews the literature on estimating the economic costs of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). More or less 50 papers covering multiple countries (US, UK, Australia, Canada, Sweden, the Netherlands, etc.) were analysed. Six types of costs are discussed in depth: (i) medical and healthcare service…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Costs, Health Care Costs
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van der Miesen, Anna I. R.; de Vries, Annelou L. C.; Steensma, Thomas D.; Hartman, Catharina A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Studies have shown an increase of symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in gender dysphoria (GD). Various hypotheses try to explain this possible co-occurrence (e.g., a role of resistance to change, stereotyped behaviors or prenatal testosterone exposure). This study examined ASD symptoms with the Children's Social Behavior Questionnaire…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Depression (Psychology)
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Lever, Anne G.; Geurts, Hilde M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) characteristics seem to abate over time, but whether this protracts until late adulthood is largely unknown. We cross-sectionally investigated self- and other-reported ASD characteristics of adults with (ASD: N[subscript max-self] = 237, N[subscript max-other] = 130) and without ASD (COM: N[subscript max-self] = 198,…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Adults
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Grootscholten, Inge A. C.; van Wijngaarden, Bob; Kan, Cornelis C. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Primary caregivers experience consequences from being in close contact to a person with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This study used the Involvement Evaluation Questionnaire to explore the level of consequences of 104 caregivers involved with adults with High Functioning ASD (HF-ASD) and compared these with the consequences reported by…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Patients, Schizophrenia
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Van der Hallen, Ruth; Chamberlain, Rebecca; de-Wit, Lee; Wagemans, Johan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Since its initial development, the embedded figures test (EFT) has been used extensively to measure local-global perceptual style. However, little is known about the perceptual factors that influence target detection. The current study aimed to investigate "disembedding" in children with and without ASD, aged 8-15 years, using the newly…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Control Groups
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Eijk, S.; Mous, S. E.; Dieleman, G. C.; Dierckx, B.; Rietman, A. B.; de Nijs, P. F. A.; ten Hoopen, L. W.; van Minkelen, R.; Elgersma, Y.; Catsman-Berrevoets, C. E.; Oostenbrink, R.; Legerstee, J. S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
In a non-selected sample of children with Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) the prevalence rate of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and predictive value of an observational (ADOS)--and questionnaire-based screening instrument were assessed. Complete data was available for 128 children. The prevalence rate for clinical ASD was 10.9%, which is clearly…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Neurological Impairments
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Bos, Marieke G. N.; Diamantopoulou, Sofia; Stockmann, Lex; Begeer, Sander; Rieffe, Carolien – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Children and adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) often show comorbid emotional and behavior problems. The aim of this longitudinal study is to examine the relation between emotion control (i.e., negative emotionality, emotion awareness, and worry/rumination) and the development of internalizing and externalizing problems. Boys with and…
Descriptors: Emotional Response, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children
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Duvekot, Jorieke; Hoopen, Leontine W.; Slappendel, Geerte; van der Ende, Jan; Verhulst, Frank C.; van der Sijde, Ad; Greaves-Lord, Kirstin – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
This paper provides an overview of the design and cohort characteristics of the Social Spectrum Study: a clinical cohort study that used a two-phase sampling design to identify children at risk for ASD. After screening 1281 children aged 2.5-10 years who had been consecutively referred to one of six mental health services in the Netherlands,…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Questionnaires, Screening Tests
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Ziermans, Tim; Swaab, Hanna; Stockmann, Alexander; de Bruin, Esther; van Rijn, Sophie – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Formal thought disorder (FTD) is a disruption in the flow of thought and a common feature in psychotic disorders and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Executive dysfunction has often been associated with FTD, yet for ASD convincing evidence is lacking. This study investigated FTD and three core executive functions in 50 young children and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Thinking Skills
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Dekker, Linda P.; van der Vegt, Esther J. M.; van der Ende, Jan; Tick, Nouchka; Louwerse, Anneke; Maras, Athanasios; Verhulst, Frank C.; Greaves-Lord, Kirstin – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
To gain further insight into psychosexual functioning, including behaviors, intrapersonal and interpersonal aspects, in adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), comprehensive, multi-informant measures are needed. This study describes (1) the development of a new measure of psychosexual functioning in both parent- and self-reports (Teen…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Adolescent Development, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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de Veld, Danielle M. J.; Howlin, Patricia; Hoddenbach, Elske; Mulder, Fleur; Wolf, Imke; Koot, Hans M.; Lindauer, Ramón; Begeer, Sander – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
This RCT investigated whether the effect of a Theory of Mind (ToM) intervention for children with ASD was moderated by parental education level and employment, family structure, and parental ASD. Children with autism aged 8-13 years (n = 136) were randomized over a waitlist control or treatment condition. At posttest, children in the treatment…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Theory of Mind, Intervention
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De Groot, Kristel; Van Strien, Jan W. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Although not used as a diagnostic criterion, impaired emotion regulation is frequently observed in autism. The present study examined self-reported use of emotion regulation strategies in individuals scoring low or high on autistic traits. In addition, the late positive potential, which is sensitive to emotional arousal, was used to examine the…
Descriptors: Autism, Emotional Response, Diagnostic Tests, Metacognition
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van Steensel, F. J.; Zegers, V. M.; Bögels, S. M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
The study aimed to explore predictors of treatment effectiveness in a sample of 79 children with ASD who received cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) for their anxiety disorders. Severity of anxiety disorders and anxiety symptoms were used to measure treatment effectiveness and was assessed pre-treatment, post-treatment, 3 months-, 1 and 2 years…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Outcomes of Treatment, Authoritarianism, Parent Role
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Duifhuis, E. A.; den Boer, J. C.; Doornbos, A.; Buitelaar, J. K.; Oosterling, I. J.; Klip, H. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Purpose of this quasi-experimental trial was to investigate the effect of Pivotal response treatment (PRT) versus treatment as usual (TAU) on autism symptoms. Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), aged 3-8 years, received either PRT (n = 11) or TAU (n = 13). Primary outcome measure was the total score on the Autism Diagnostic Observation…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Children, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism
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Verschuur, Rianne; Huskens, Bibi; Verhoeven, Ludo; Didden, Robert – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Deficits in question-asking are common in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Furthermore, their opportunities to self-initiate questions are often hindered by directive behavior of their conversation partners. This study assessed the effectiveness of staff training in pivotal response treatment (PRT) on staff member-created…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Questioning Techniques, Program Effectiveness
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