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Showing 1 to 15 of 17 results Save | Export
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Ireri, Niceta W.; White, Susan W.; Mbwayo, Anne W. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Anxiety in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) contributes to their functional impairment. We evaluated a cognitive-behavioral program for anxiety and social deficits in children with ASD in two schools in Nairobi City, Kenya. Parents and teachers of 40 children and adolescents with ASD (5-21 years) participated, randomized by school. The…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Anxiety
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Odom, Samuel L.; Cox, Ann; Sideris, John; Hume, Kara A.; Hedges, Susan; Kucharczyk, Suzanne; Shaw, Evelyn; Boyd, Brian A.; Reszka, Stephanie; Neitzel, Jennifer – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
The purpose of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the "Autism Program Environment Rating Scale" ("APERS"), an instrument designed to assess quality of program environments for students with autism spectrum disorder. Data sets from two samples of public school programs that provided services to children and…
Descriptors: Autism, Psychometrics, Factor Analysis, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Shea, N.; Payne, E.; Russo, N. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Individuals with ASD often display externalizing behaviors, which have been associated with lower quality of life in adulthood. Social difficulties have been hypothesized to underlie externalizing problems among individuals with ASD (Klin and Volkmar in "Asperger Syndrome," 340-366, 2000), but this has never been tested empirically. We…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Behavior Problems, Quality of Life
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Sapmaz, Dicle; Baykal, Saliha; Akbas, Seher – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
The aim of this study was to describe clinical features of PBD comorbidity in children with ASD. Forty children with ASD and PBD aged 6-18 years, and 40 age- and sex-matched ASD subjects with no affective episodes were included in the study. Autism Behavior CheckList, Abberant Behavior CheckList, and Young Mania Rating Scale-Parent Version were…
Descriptors: Comorbidity, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Clinical Diagnosis
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Losh, Molly; Martin, Gary E.; Lee, Michelle; Klusek, Jessica; Sideris, John; Barron, Sheila; Wassink, Thomas – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Genetic liability to autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can be expressed in unaffected relatives through subclinical, genetically meaningful traits, or endophenotypes. This study aimed to identify developmental endophenotypes in parents of individuals with ASD by examining parents' childhood academic development over the school-age period. A cohort of…
Descriptors: Genetics, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Parents
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McIntyre, Nancy S.; Solari, Emily J.; Gonzales, Joseph E.; Solomon, Marjorie; Lerro, Lindsay E.; Novotny, Stephanie; Oswald, Tasha M.; Mundy, Peter C. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
This study of 8-16-year-olds was designed to test the hypothesis that reading comprehension impairments are part of the social communication phenotype for many higher-functioning students with autism spectrum disorder (HFASD). Students with HFASD (n = 81) were compared to those with high attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptomatology…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Reading Difficulties, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism
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Scheeren, Anke M.; Banerjee, Robin; Koot, Hans M.; Begeer, Sander – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
We compared self-presentation abilities of 132 children and adolescents with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) to those of 41 typically developing (TD) peers, and examined the potential link with their social motivation and perspective taking. Participants introduced themselves to an interviewer in a baseline condition (without incentive) and a…
Descriptors: Perspective Taking, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Role Perception
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Hill, Trenesha L.; Gray, Sarah A. O.; Kamps, Jodi L.; Enrique Varela, R. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
The present study examined the moderating effects of intellectual functioning and ASD symptom severity on the relation between age and adaptive functioning in 220 youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Regression analysis indicated that intellectual functioning and ASD symptom severity moderated the relation between age and adaptive…
Descriptors: Severity (of Disability), Symptoms (Individual Disorders), Intellectual Development, Autism
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Joseph, Jane E.; Zhu, Xun; Gundran, Andrew; Davies, Faraday; Clark, Jonathan D.; Ruble, Lisa; Glaser, Paul; Bhatt, Ramesh S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and their relatives process faces differently from typically developed (TD) individuals. In an fMRI face-viewing task, TD and undiagnosed sibling (SIB) children (5-18 years) showed face specialization in the right amygdala and ventromedial prefrontal cortex, with left fusiform and right amygdala face…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Specialization, Neurological Organization
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Kerns, Connor Morrow; Kendall, Philip C.; Berry, Leandra; Souders, Margaret C.; Franklin, Martin E.; Schultz, Robert T.; Miller, Judith; Herrington, John – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
We assessed anxiety consistent (i.e., "traditional") and inconsistent (i.e., "atypical") with diagnostic and statistical manual (DSM) definitions in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Differential relationships between traditional anxiety, atypical anxiety, child characteristics, anxiety predictors and ASD-symptomology were…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Youth, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism
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Sun, Xiang; Allison, Carrie; Auyeung, Bonnie; Matthews, Fiona E.; Norton, Samuel; Baron-Cohen, Simon; Brayne, Carol – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Limited studies have investigated the latent autistic traits in the mainland Chinese population for autism spectrum conditions (ASC). This study explored the psychometric properties of a Mandarin Chinese version of the CAST in a sample consisting of 737 children in mainstream schools and 50 autistic cases. A combination of categorical data factor…
Descriptors: Psychometrics, Mandarin Chinese, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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McGregor, Karla K.; Berns, Amanda J.; Owen, Amanda J.; Michels, Sarah A.; Duff, Dawna; Bahnsen, Alison J.; Lloyd, Melissa – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2012
Five groups of children defined by presence or absence of syntactic deficits and autism spectrum disorders (ASD) took vocabulary tests and provided sentences, definitions, and word associations. Children with ASD who were free of syntactic deficits demonstrated age-appropriate word knowledge. Children with ASD plus concomitant syntactic language…
Descriptors: Children, Comparative Analysis, Correlation, Autism
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Dingfelder, Hilary E.; Mandell, David S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2011
There is growing evidence that efficacious interventions for autism are rarely adopted or successfully implemented in public mental health and education systems. We propose applying diffusion of innovation theory to further our understanding of why this is the case. We pose a practical set of questions that administrators face as they decide about…
Descriptors: Evidence, Intervention, Autism, Theory Practice Relationship
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Williams White, Susan; Keonig, Kathleen; Scahill, Lawrence – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2007
Social reciprocity deficits are a core feature of the autism spectrum disorders (ASD). This review summarizes the state of research in group-based social skills training programs for school-age children and adolescents with ASD. All published studies of group social skills interventions between 1985 and 2006 were reviewed, as well as dissertations…
Descriptors: Doctoral Dissertations, Interpersonal Competence, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adolescents
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Baxter, Alisa C.; Lotspeich, Linda J.; Spiker, Donna; Martin, Jacquelin L.; Grether, Judith K.; Hallmayer, Joachim F. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2007
The etiology of autism is complex, consisting of unknown genetic and environmental factors. Previous studies have revealed that maternal age is increased in autism compared to controls, making it a possible risk factor. This study examined the effects of maternal age on autism severity using IQ as a measure of cognitive severity and selected…
Descriptors: Severity (of Disability), Etiology, Child Behavior, Check Lists
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