ERIC Number: EJ1037889
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2013-Sep
Abstractor: As Provided
Feeding Problems and Nutrient Intake in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Meta-Analysis and Comprehensive Review of the Literature
Sharp, William G.; Berry, Rashelle C.; McCracken, Courtney; Nuhu, Nadrat N.; Marvel, Elizabeth; Saulnier, Celine A.; Klin, Ami; Jones, Warren; Jaquess, David L.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v43 n9 p2159-2173 Sep 2013
We conducted a comprehensive review and meta-analysis of research regarding feeding problems and nutrient status among children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). The systematic search yielded 17 prospective studies involving a comparison group. Using rigorous meta-analysis techniques, we calculated the standardized mean difference (SMD) with standard error and corresponding odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI). Results indicated children with ASD experienced significantly more feeding problems versus peers, with an overall SMD of 0.89 (0.08) and a corresponding OR of 5.11, 95% CI 3.74-6.97. Nutrient analyses indicated significantly lower intake of calcium (SMD: -0.65 [0.29]; OR: 0.31, 95% CI 0.11-0.85) and protein (SMD: -0.58 [0.25]; OR: 0.35, 95% CI: 0.14-0.56) in ASD. Future research must address critical questions regarding the cause, long-term impact, and remediation of atypical feeding in this population.
Descriptors: Meta Analysis, Eating Disorders, Nutrition, Children, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Computation, Comparative Analysis, Food, Literature Reviews
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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