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Alabaf, Setareh; Gillberg, Christopher; Lundström, Sebastian; Lichtenstein, Paul; Kerekes, Nóra; Råstam, Maria; Anckarsäter, Henrik – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
With increasing numbers of children being diagnosed with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) attention has been drawn to these children's physical health. We aimed to identify the prevalence of defined physical problems (epilepsy, migraine, asthma, cancer, diabetes, psoriasis, lactose intolerance, celiac disease, diarrhea, constipation, daytime…
Descriptors: Physical Health, Neurological Impairments, Epilepsy, Diseases
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Thompson, Lucy; Gillberg, Christopher; Landberg, Sara; Kantzer, Anne-Katrin; Miniscalco, Carmela; Barnevik Olsson, Martina; Eriksson, Mats A.; Fernell, Elisabeth – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Two community-based cohorts of children with autism spectrum disorder, examined using similar assessment protocols, were pooled (n = 301) and subdivided according to history of regression. Those with regression (n = 62), 20.5% of the combined cohort, were contrasted with those without regression (n = 241) at first assessment (age range…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Genetics, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Nylander, Lena; Axmon, Anna; Björne, Petra; Ahlström, Gerd; Gillberg, Christopher – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
In a Swedish sample of persons eligible for disability services and aged 55 years or older in 2012, persons (n = 601) with autism spectrum disorder diagnoses registered in specialist care were identified. Register data concerning diagnoses of other psychiatric disorders, psychiatric care, and psychiatric medication were reviewed. More than 60% had…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Eligibility
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Gillberg, I. Carina; Helles, Adam; Billstedt, Eva; Gillberg, Christopher – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
We examined comorbid psychiatric and neurodevelopmental disorders in fifty adult males (mean age 30 years) with Asperger syndrome (AS) diagnosed in childhood and followed up prospectively for almost two decades (13-26 years). Only three of the 50 men had "never" met criteria for an additional psychiatric/neurodevelopmental diagnosis and…
Descriptors: Asperger Syndrome, Psychiatric Services, Neurological Impairments, Developmental Disabilities
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Fernandes, Lucrecia Cabral; Gillberg, Carina I.; Cederlund, Mats; Hagberg, Bibbi; Gillberg, Christopher; Billstedt, Eva – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
The literature concerning sexuality in autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) is limited regarding inappropriate sexual behaviours and paraphilias and its relation to age, verbal ability, symptom severity, intellectual ability, or adaptive functioning. A cohort of 184 adolescents and young adults (ages 15-39 years) with ASD diagnosed in childhood,…
Descriptors: Sexuality, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Age Differences
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Marinopoulou, Maria; Lugnegård, Tove; Unenge Hallerbäck, Maria; Gillberg, Christopher; Billstedt, Eva – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
There has been an increasing interest in possible connections between autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and schizophrenia in the last decade. Neuropsychological comparison studies have, however, been few. The present study examined similarities and differences in intellectual and executive functioning between adults with Asperger syndrome (AS) and…
Descriptors: Asperger Syndrome, Schizophrenia, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Hedvall, Åsa; Westerlund, Joakim; Fernell, Elisabeth; Norrelgen, Fritjof; Kjellmer, Liselotte; Olsson, Martina Barnevik; Carlsson, Lotta Höglund; Eriksson, Mats A.; Billstedt, Eva; Gillberg, Christopher – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Clinical predictors of 2-year outcome in preschoolers with ASD were studied in a population-based group of very young children with ASD (n = 208). Children who gained the most (n = 30) and lost the most (n = 23), i.e., increased or decreased their adaptive functioning outcome according to the Vineland Composite Score between study entry (T1) and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Preschool Children, Longitudinal Studies
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Gillberg, Christopher; Fernell, Elisabeth – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
The reported prevalence of autism is going up and up. We propose that some--even much--of the increase in the rate of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is driven by "Autism Plus". Autism Plus refers to autism with comorbidities (including intellectual developmental disorder, language disorder, and attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder),…
Descriptors: Autism, Incidence, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Comorbidity
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Waterhouse, Lynn; Gillberg, Christopher – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Although accumulated evidence has demonstrated that autism is found with many varied brain dysfunctions, researchers have tried to find a single brain dysfunction that would provide neurobiological validity for autism. However, unitary models of autism brain dysfunction have not adequately addressed conflicting evidence, and efforts to find a…
Descriptors: Autism, Neuropsychology, Evidence, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Kocovská, Eva; Andorsdóttir, Guðrið; Weihe, Pál; Halling, Jónrit; Fernell, Elisabeth; Stóra, Tormóður; Biskupstø, Rannvá; Gillberg, I. Carina; Shea, Robyn; Billstedt, Eva; Bourgeron, Thomas; Minnis, Helen; Gillberg, Christopher – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Vitamin D deficiency has been proposed as a possible risk factor for developing autism spectrum disorder (ASD). 25-Hydroxyvitamin D3 (25(OH)D3) levels were examined in a cross-sectional population-based study in the Faroe Islands. The case group consisting of a total population cohort of 40 individuals with ASD (aged 15-24 years) had significantly…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Nutrition
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Falck-Ytter, Terje; von Hofsten, Claes; Gillberg, Christopher; Fernell, Elisabeth – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2013
Looking at other children's interactions provides rich learning opportunities for a small child. How children with autism look at other children is largely unknown. Using eye tracking, we studied gaze performance in children with autism and neurotypical comparison children while they were watching videos of semi-naturalistic social…
Descriptors: Interaction, Comparative Analysis, Autism, Eye Movements
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Falck-Ytter, Terje; Fernell, Elisabeth; Hedvall, Asa Lundholm; von Hofsten, Claes; Gillberg, Christopher – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2012
The main purpose of this eye tracking study was to map the correlates of gaze performance in a brief test of spontaneous gaze and point-gesture following in young children with autistic disorder (AD), Pervasive developmental disorder--not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS), or typical development (TD). Gaze measures included the children's spontaneous…
Descriptors: Intelligence, Autism, Communication Skills, Eye Movements
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Nygren, Gudrun; Cederlund, Mats; Sandberg, Eva; Gillstedt, Fredrik; Arvidsson, Thomas; Gillberg, I. Carina; Andersson, Gunilla Westman; Gillberg, Christopher – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2012
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is more common than previously believed. ASD is increasingly diagnosed at very young ages. We report estimated ASD prevalence rates from a population study of 2-year-old children conducted in 2010 in Gothenburg, Sweden. Screening for ASD had been introduced at all child health centers at child age 21/2 years. All…
Descriptors: Incidence, Autism, Foreign Countries, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Kocovska, Eva; Biskupsto, Rannva; Gillberg, I. Carina; Ellefsen, Asa; Kampmann, Hanna; Stora, Tormoour; Billstedt, Eva; Gillberg, Christopher – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2012
We have followed up a 2002 population study of autism prevalence in 15-24-year olds in the Faroe Islands. The rate of ASD grew significantly from 0.56% in 2002 to 0.94% in 2009. Although these results are within the range of typical findings from other studies, there were some interesting details. There were--in addition to 43 originally diagnosed…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Incidence, Autism, Foreign Countries
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Gillberg, Christopher; Billstedt, Eva; Sundh, Valter; Gillberg, I. Carina – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2010
The purposes of the present study were to establish the mortality rate in a representative group of individuals (n = 120) born in the years 1962-1984, diagnosed with autism/atypical autism in childhood and followed up at young adult age (greater than or equal to 18 years of age), and examine the risk factors and causes of death. The study group,…
Descriptors: Accidents, Autism, Mortality Rate, At Risk Persons
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