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Salomone, Erica; Leadbitter, Kathy; Aldred, Catherine; Barrett, Barbara; Byford, Sarah; Charman, Tony; Howlin, Patricia; Green, Jonathan; Le Couteur, Ann; McConachie, Helen; Parr, Jeremy R.; Pickles, Andrew; Slonims, Vicky; Cole-Fletcher, Rachel; Gammer, Isobel; Maxwell, Jessica; Tobin, Hannah; Vamvakas, George; Cole-Fletcher, Rachle; Gammer, Isobel; Maxwell, Jessica; Tobin, Hannah; Vamvakas, George – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
We examined predictors of mental health difficulties and wellbeing in caregivers of children with autism in the Pre-school Autism Communication Trial cohort in middle childhood (N = 104). Child's intellectual disability, daily living skills impairment, elevated emotional and behavioural difficulties, high educational level of caregiver and…
Descriptors: Mental Health, Well Being, Autism, Predictor Variables
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Leadbitter, Kathy; Aldred, Catherine; McConachie, Helen; Le Couteur, Ann; Kapadia, Dharmi; Charman, Tony; Macdonald, Wendy; Salomone, Erica; Emsley, Richard; Green, Jonathan; Barrett, Barbara; Barron, Sam; Beggs, Karen; Blazey, Laura; Bourne, Katy; Byford, Sarah; Cole-Fletcher, Rachel; Collino, Julia; Colmer, Ruth; Cutress, Anna; Gammer, Isobel; Harrop, Clare; Houghton, Tori; Howlin, Pat; Hudry, Kristelle; Leach, Sue; Maxwell, Jessica; Parr, Jeremy; Pickles, Andrew; Randles, Sarah; Slonims, Vicky; Taylor, Carol; Temple, Kathryn; Tobin, Hannah; Vamvakas, George; White, Lydia – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
There is a lack of measures that reflect the intervention priorities of parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and that assess the impact of interventions on family experience and quality of life. The Autism Family Experience Questionnaire (AFEQ) was developed through focus groups and online consultation with parents, and…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Questionnaires, Quality of Life
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Salomone, Erica; Shephard, Elizabeth; Milosavljevic, Bosiljka; Johnson, Mark H.; Charman, Tony; Baron-Cohen, Simon; Bedford, Rachael; Bolton, Patrick; Chandler, Susie; Elsabbagh, Mayada; Fernandes, Janice; Garwood, Holly; Gliga, Teodora; Hudry, Kristelle; Jones, Emily J. H.; Pasco, Greg; Pickles, Andrew; Tucker, Leslie; Volein, Agnes – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Cognitive and adaptive behaviour abilities early in life provide important clinical prognostic information. We examined stability of such skills in children at high familial risk for ASD who either met diagnostic criteria for ASD at age 7 years (HR-ASD, n = 15) or did not (HR-non-ASD, n = 24) and low-risk control children (LR, n = 37),…
Descriptors: Children, At Risk Persons, Cognitive Ability, Behavior Problems
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Yorke, Isabel; White, Pippa; Weston, Amelia; Rafla, Monica; Charman, Tony; Simonoff, Emily – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
This review (Prospero Registration Number: CRD42017057915) aimed to systematically identify and summarize existing research on the relationship between additional emotional and behavioral problems (EBP) in children with autism, and parenting stress (PS) and mental health problems (MHP) in their parents. Sixty-seven studies met criteria for…
Descriptors: Emotional Problems, Behavior Problems, Children, Autism
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Clarke, Chris; Hill, Vivian; Charman, Tony – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Children with a diagnosis of autism are more likely to experience anxiety than their typically developing peers. Research suggests that Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) could offer a way to help children with autism manage their anxiety but most evidence is based on clinical trials. This study investigated a school-based CBT programme using a…
Descriptors: Autism, Behavior Problems, Cognitive Restructuring, Behavior Modification
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Milosavljevic, Bosiljka; Shephard, Elizabeth; Happé, Francesca G.; Johnson, Mark H.; Charman, Tony – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Anxiety and threat bias were examined in 6-8-year-old children at familial-risk for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and low-risk (LR, n = 37) controls. The high-risk (HR) group was divided into those who met diagnostic criteria for ASD (HR-ASD, n = 15) and those who did not (HR-non ASD, n = 24). The HR-ASD group had highest levels of…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Anxiety, At Risk Students
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Green, Dido; Chandler, Susie; Charman, Tony; Simonoff, Emily; Baird, Gillian – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Atypical responses to sensory stimuli are a new criterion in DSM-5 for the diagnosis of an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) but are also reported in other developmental disorders. Using the Short Sensory profile (SSP) and Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised we compared atypical sensory behaviour (hyper- or hypo-reactivity to sensory input or unusual…
Descriptors: Stimuli, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Comparative Analysis
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Milosavljevic, Bosiljka; Carter Leno, Virginia; Simonoff, Emily; Baird, Gillian; Pickles, Andrew; Jones, Catherine R.; Erskine, Catherine; Charman, Tony; Happé, Francesca – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Alexithymia is a personality trait frequently found in adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), and has been linked to impairments in emotion recognition and empathy. The presentation of alexithymia within ASD at younger ages remains unexplored, and was examined in the present study. Alexithymia rates were significantly elevated in ASD (55%;…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Personality Traits, Emotional Response
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Elsabbagh, Mayada; Bruno, Ruth; Wan, Ming Wai; Charman, Tony; Johnson, Mark H.; Green, Jonathan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Links between brain function measures and quality of parent-child interactions within the early developmental period have been investigated in typical and atypical development. We examined such links in a group of 104 infants with and without a family history for autism in the first year of life. Our findings suggest robust associations between…
Descriptors: Infants, Eye Movements, Parent Child Relationship, At Risk Persons
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Manning, Catherine; Charman, Tony; Pellicano, Elizabeth – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Contrasting reports of "reduced" and "intact" sensitivity to coherent motion in autistic individuals may be attributable to stimulus parameters. Here, we investigated whether dot lifetime contributes to elevated thresholds in children with autism. We presented a standard motion coherence task to 31 children with autism and 31…
Descriptors: Motion, Cognitive Processes, Children, Autism
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Flouri, Eirini; Midouhas, Emily; Charman, Tony; Sarmadi, Zahra – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
We investigated the longitudinal relationship between socio-economic disadvantage (SED) and trajectories of emotional and conduct problems among children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who had comorbid attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD; ASD + ADHD) or not (ASD-DHD). The sample was 209 children with ASD who took part in the UK's…
Descriptors: Poverty, Correlation, Socioeconomic Status, Economically Disadvantaged
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de Bildt, Annelies; Sytema, Sjoerd; Zander, Eric; Bölte, Sven; Sturm, Harald; Yirmiya, Nurit; Yaari, Maya; Charman, Tony; Salomone, Erica; LeCouteur, Ann; Green, Jonathan; Bedia, Ricardo Canal; Primo, Patricia García; van Daalen, Emma; de Jonge, Maretha V.; Guðmundsdóttir, Emilía; Jóhannsdóttir, Sigurrós; Raleva, Marija; Boskovska, Meri; Rogé, Bernadette; Baduel, Sophie; Moilanen, Irma; Yliherva, Anneli; Buitelaar, Jan; Oosterling, Iris J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
The current study aimed to investigate the Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised (ADI-R) algorithms for toddlers and young preschoolers (Kim and Lord, "J Autism Dev Disord" 42(1):82-93, 2012) in a non-US sample from ten sites in nine countries (n = 1,104). The construct validity indicated a good fit of the algorithms. The diagnostic…
Descriptors: Diagnostic Tests, Interviews, Toddlers, Preschool Children
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Hudry, Kristelle; Chandler, Susie; Bedford, Rachael; Pasco, Greg; Gliga, Teodora; Elsabbagh, Mayada; Johnson, Mark H.; Charman, Tony – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Many preschoolers with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) present relative lack of receptive advantage over concurrent expressive language. Such profile emergence was investigated longitudinally in 54 infants at high-risk (HR) for ASD and 50 low-risk controls, with three language measures taken across four visits (around 7, 14, 24, 38 months). HR…
Descriptors: Infants, At Risk Persons, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Chandler, Susie; Carcani-Rathwell, Iris; Charman, Tony; Pickles, Andrew; Loucas, Tom; Meldrum, David; Simonoff, Emily; Sullivan, Peter; Baird, Gillian – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2013
The objective of this study is to investigate whether parentally-reported gastro-intestinal (GI) symptoms are increased in a population-derived sample of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) compared to controls. Participants included 132 children with ASD and 81 with special educational needs (SEN) but no ASD, aged 10-14 years plus 82…
Descriptors: Autism, Children, Special Education, Special Needs Students
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Green, Jonathan; Wan, Ming Wai; Guiraud, Jeanne; Holsgrove, Samina; McNally, Janet; Slonims, Vicky; Elsabbagh, Mayada; Charman, Tony; Pickles, Andrew; Johnson, Mark – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2013
Theory and evidence suggest the potential value of prodromal intervention for infants at risk of developing autism. We report an initial case series (n = 8) of a parent-mediated, video-aided and interaction-focused intervention with infant siblings of autistic probands, beginning at 8-10 months of age. We outline the theory and evidence base…
Descriptors: Intervention, At Risk Persons, Infants, Autism
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