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Lazzaro, Stephanie C.; Weidinger, Laura; Cooper, Rose A.; Baron-Cohen, Simon; Moutsiana, Christina; Sharot, Tali – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
Humans are extremely susceptible to social influence. Here, we examine whether this susceptibility is altered in autism, a condition characterized by social difficulties. Autistic participants (N = 22) and neurotypical controls (N = 22) completed a memory test of previously seen words and were then exposed to answers supposedly given by four other…
Descriptors: Autism, Social Influences, Social Behavior, Social Cognition
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Hull, Laura; Mandy, William; Lai, Meng-Chuan; Baron-Cohen, Simon; Allison, Carrie; Smith, Paula; Petrides, K. V. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
There currently exist no self-report measures of social camouflaging behaviours (strategies used to compensate for or mask autistic characteristics during social interactions). The Camouflaging Autistic Traits Questionnaire (CAT-Q) was developed from autistic adults' experiences of camouflaging, and was administered online to 354 autistic and 478…
Descriptors: Test Construction, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Mandy, William; Clarke, Kiri; McKenner, Michele; Strydom, Andre; Crabtree, Jason; Lai, Meng-Chuan; Allison, Carrie; Baron-Cohen, Simon; Skuse, David – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
We developed a brief, informant-report interview for assessing autism spectrum conditions (ASC) in adults, called the Developmental, Dimensional and Diagnostic Interview-Adult Version (3Di-Adult); and completed a preliminary evaluation. Informant reports were collected for participants with ASC (n = 39), a non-clinical comparison group (n = 29)…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults, Diagnostic Tests
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Salomone, Erica; Shephard, Elizabeth; Milosavljevic, Bosiljka; Johnson, Mark H.; Charman, Tony; Baron-Cohen, Simon; Bedford, Rachael; Bolton, Patrick; Chandler, Susie; Elsabbagh, Mayada; Fernandes, Janice; Garwood, Holly; Gliga, Teodora; Hudry, Kristelle; Jones, Emily J. H.; Pasco, Greg; Pickles, Andrew; Tucker, Leslie; Volein, Agnes – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Cognitive and adaptive behaviour abilities early in life provide important clinical prognostic information. We examined stability of such skills in children at high familial risk for ASD who either met diagnostic criteria for ASD at age 7 years (HR-ASD, n = 15) or did not (HR-non-ASD, n = 24) and low-risk control children (LR, n = 37),…
Descriptors: Children, At Risk Persons, Cognitive Ability, Behavior Problems
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Nobili, Anna; Glazebrook, Cris; Bouman, Walter Pierre; Glidden, Derek; Baron-Cohen, Simon; Allison, Carrie; Smith, Paula; Arcelus, Jon – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
The present study aimed to compare prevalence of autistic traits measured by the self-reported autism spectrum quotient-short (AQ-short) in a transgender clinical population (n = 656) matched by age and sex assigned at birth to a cisgender community sample. Results showed that transgender and cisgender people reported similar levels of possible…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Sexual Identity, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Hull, Laura; Petrides, K. V.; Allison, Carrie; Smith, Paula; Baron-Cohen, Simon; Lai, Meng-Chuan; Mandy, William – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Camouflaging of autistic characteristics in social situations is hypothesised as a common social coping strategy for adults with autism spectrum conditions (ASC). Camouflaging may impact diagnosis, quality of life, and long-term outcomes, but little is known about it. This qualitative study examined camouflaging experiences in 92 adults with ASC,…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Adults, Coping
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Cooper, Rose A.; Plaisted-Grant, Kate C.; Baron-Cohen, Simon; Simons, Jon S. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Studies of reality monitoring (RM) often implicate medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) in distinguishing internal and external information, a region linked to autism-related deficits in social and self-referential information processing, executive function, and memory. This study used two RM conditions (self-other; perceived-imagined) to investigate…
Descriptors: Memory, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Cognitive Processes
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Montgomery, Charlotte B.; Allison, Carrie; Lai, Meng-Chuan; Cassidy, Sarah; Langdon, Peter E.; Baron-Cohen, Simon – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
The present study examined whether adults with high functioning autism (HFA) showed greater difficulties in (1) their self-reported ability to empathise with others and/or (2) their ability to read mental states in others' eyes than adults with Asperger syndrome (AS). The Empathy Quotient (EQ) and "Reading the Mind in the Eyes" Test…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Asperger Syndrome, Recognition (Psychology)
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Khorashad, Behzad S.; Baron-Cohen, Simon; Roshan, Ghasem M.; Kazemian, Mojtaba; Khazai, Ladan; Aghili, Zahra; Talaei, Ali; Afkhamizadeh, Mozhgan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
The psychometric properties of the Persian "Reading the Mind in the Eyes" test were investigated, so were the predictions from the Empathizing-Systemizing theory of psychological sex differences. Adults aged 16-69 years old (N = 545, female = 51.7%) completed the test online. The analysis of items showed them to be generally acceptable.…
Descriptors: Psychometrics, Theory of Mind, Gender Differences, Measures (Individuals)
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Moseley, Rachel L.; Pulvermüller, Friedemann; Mohr, Bettina; Lombardo, Michael V.; Baron-Cohen, Simon; Shtyrov, Yury – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Reading utilises at least two neural pathways. The temporal lexical route visually maps whole words to their lexical entries, whilst the nonlexical route decodes words phonologically via parietal cortex. Readers typically employ the lexical route for familiar words, but poor comprehension plus precocity at mechanically "sounding out"…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Autism, Adults, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Sun, Xiang; Allison, Carrie; Auyeung, Bonnie; Matthews, Fiona E.; Norton, Samuel; Baron-Cohen, Simon; Brayne, Carol – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Limited studies have investigated the latent autistic traits in the mainland Chinese population for autism spectrum conditions (ASC). This study explored the psychometric properties of a Mandarin Chinese version of the CAST in a sample consisting of 737 children in mainstream schools and 50 autistic cases. A combination of categorical data factor…
Descriptors: Psychometrics, Mandarin Chinese, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Sun, Xiang; Allison, Carrie; Auyeung, Bonnie; Matthews, Fiona E.; Sharp, Stephen J.; Baron-Cohen, Simon; Brayne, Carol – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Sex differences in social and communication behaviours related to autism spectrum conditions (ASC) have been investigated mainly in Western populations. Little research has been done in Chinese populations. This study explored sex differences related to ASC characteristics by examining differences in item responses and score distributions in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Gender Differences, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Floris, Dorothea L.; Chura, Lindsay R.; Holt, Rosemary J.; Suckling, John; Bullmore, Edward T.; Baron-Cohen, Simon; Spencer, Michael D. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2013
Rightward cerebral lateralization has been suggested to be involved in the neuropathology of autism spectrum conditions. We investigated functional and neuroanatomical asymmetry, in terms of handedness and corpus callosum measurements in male adolescents with autism, their unaffected siblings and controls, and their associations with executive…
Descriptors: Brain Hemisphere Functions, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Handedness
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Lau, Yolanda C.; Hinkley, Leighton B. N.; Bukshpun, Polina; Strominger, Zoe A.; Wakahiro, Mari L. J.; Baron-Cohen, Simon; Allison, Carrie; Auyeung, Bonnie; Jeremy, Rita J.; Nagarajan, Srikantan S.; Sherr, Elliott H.; Marco, Elysa J. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2013
Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have numerous etiologies, including structural brain malformations such as agenesis of the corpus callosum (AgCC). We sought to directly measure the occurrence of autism traits in a cohort of individuals with AgCC and to investigate the neural underpinnings of this association. We screened a large AgCC cohort (n =…
Descriptors: Autism, Brain, Neurological Impairments, Anatomy
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Jones, Rebecca M.; Wheelwright, Sally; Farrell, Krista; Martin, Emma; Green, Richard; Di Ceglie, Domenico; Baron-Cohen, Simon – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2012
The "extreme male brain" theory suggests females with Autism Spectrum Conditions are hyper-masculinized in certain aspects of behavior. We predicted that females with Gender Identity Disorder (who are masculinized) would have elevated Autism Spectrum Quotient (AQ) scores. AQ scores from five groups were compared: (1) n = 61 transmen…
Descriptors: Females, Autism, Asperger Syndrome, Sexual Identity
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