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Mahdi, Soheil; Albertowski, Katja; Almodayfer, Omar; Arsenopoulou, Vaia; Carucci, Sara; Dias, José Carlos; Khalil, Mohammad; Knüppel, Ane; Langmann, Anika; Lauritsen, Marlene Briciet; da Cunha, Graccielle Rodrigues; Uchiyama, Tokio; Wolff, Nicole; Selb, Melissa; Granlund, Mats; de Vries, Petrus J.; Zwaigenbaum, Lonnie; Bölte, Sven – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
This is the fourth international preparatory study designed to develop International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF, and Children and Youth version, ICF-CY) Core Sets for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Examine functioning of individuals diagnosed with ASD as documented by the ICF-CY in a variety of clinical settings. A…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Models
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Van der Hallen, Ruth; Chamberlain, Rebecca; de-Wit, Lee; Wagemans, Johan – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Since its initial development, the embedded figures test (EFT) has been used extensively to measure local-global perceptual style. However, little is known about the perceptual factors that influence target detection. The current study aimed to investigate "disembedding" in children with and without ASD, aged 8-15 years, using the newly…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Control Groups
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Tillmann, J.; Ashwood, K.; Absoud, M.; Bölte, S.; Bonnet-Brilhault, F.; Buitelaar, J. K.; Calderoni, S.; Calvo, R.; Canal-Bedia, R.; Canitano, R.; De Bildt, A.; Gomot, M.; Hoekstra, P. J.; Kaale, A.; McConachie, H.; Murphy, D. G.; Narzisi, A.; Oosterling, I.; Pejovic-Milovancevic, M.; Persico, A. M.; Puig, O.; Roeyers, H.; Rommelse, N.; Sacco, R.; Scandurra, V.; Stanfield, A. C.; Zander, E.; Charman, T. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Research on sex-related differences in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) has been impeded by small samples. We pooled 28 datasets from 18 sites across nine European countries to examine sex differences in the ASD phenotype on the ADI-R (376 females, 1763 males) and ADOS (233 females, 1187 males). On the ADI-R, early childhood restricted and…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Age Differences, Diagnostic Tests, Observation
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Booth, Rhonda D. L.; Happé, Francesca G. E. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Frith's original notion of 'weak central coherence' suggested that increased local processing in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) resulted from reduced global processing. More recent accounts have emphasised superior local perception and suggested intact global integration. However, tasks often place local and global processing in direct trade-off,…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Cognitive Processes, Intelligence Quotient
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Ziermans, Tim; Swaab, Hanna; Stockmann, Alexander; de Bruin, Esther; van Rijn, Sophie – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Formal thought disorder (FTD) is a disruption in the flow of thought and a common feature in psychotic disorders and autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Executive dysfunction has often been associated with FTD, yet for ASD convincing evidence is lacking. This study investigated FTD and three core executive functions in 50 young children and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Children, Thinking Skills
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Elwin, Marie; Schröder, Agneta; Ek, Lena; Wallsten, Tuula; Kjellin, Lars – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
We identified clusters of atypical sensory functioning adults with ASC by hierarchical cluster analysis. A new scale for commonly self-reported sensory reactivity was used as a measure. In a low frequency group (n = 37), all subscale scores were relatively low, in particular atypical sensory/motor reactivity. In the intermediate group (n = 17)…
Descriptors: Adults, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Multivariate Analysis
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Losh, Molly; Martin, Gary E.; Lee, Michelle; Klusek, Jessica; Sideris, John; Barron, Sheila; Wassink, Thomas – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Genetic liability to autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can be expressed in unaffected relatives through subclinical, genetically meaningful traits, or endophenotypes. This study aimed to identify developmental endophenotypes in parents of individuals with ASD by examining parents' childhood academic development over the school-age period. A cohort of…
Descriptors: Genetics, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Parents
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Verschuur, Rianne; Huskens, Bibi; Verhoeven, Ludo; Didden, Robert – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Deficits in question-asking are common in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Furthermore, their opportunities to self-initiate questions are often hindered by directive behavior of their conversation partners. This study assessed the effectiveness of staff training in pivotal response treatment (PRT) on staff member-created…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Questioning Techniques, Program Effectiveness
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Klapwijk, Eduard T.; Aghajani, Moji; Lelieveld, Gert-Jan; van Lang, Natasja D. J.; Popma, Arne; van der Wee, Nic J. A.; Colins, Olivier F.; Vermeiren, Robert R. J. M. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Little is known about how emotions expressed by others influence social decisions and associated brain responses in autism spectrum disorders (ASD). We investigated the neural mechanisms underlying fairness decisions in response to explicitly expressed emotions of others in boys with ASD and typically developing (TD) boys. Participants with ASD…
Descriptors: Brain, Males, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism
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Sumner, Emma; Leonard, Hayley C.; Hill, Elisabeth L. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Motor and social difficulties are often found in children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and with developmental coordination disorder (DCD), to varying degrees. This study investigated the extent of overlap of these problems in children aged 7-10 years who had a diagnosis of either ASD or DCD, compared to typically-developing controls.…
Descriptors: Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Autism, Developmental Disabilities, Interpersonal Competence
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Nader, Anne-Marie; Courchesne, Valérie; Dawson, Michelle; Soulières, Isabelle – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC) is widely used to estimate autistic intelligence (Joseph in The neuropsychology of autism. Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2011; Goldstein et al. in "Assessment of autism spectrum disorders." Guilford Press, New York, 2008; Mottron in "J Autism Dev Disord" 34(1):19-27, 2004).…
Descriptors: Children, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Comparative Analysis
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Duda, Marlena; Daniels, Jena; Wall, Dennis P. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
The Mobile Autism Risk Assessment (MARA) is a new, electronically administered, 7-question autism spectrum disorder (ASD) screen to triage those at highest risk for ASD. Children 16 months-17 years (N = 222) were screened during their first visit in a developmental-behavioral pediatric clinic. MARA scores were compared to diagnosis from the…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Risk Assessment, Children
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Mouga, Susana; Café, Cátia; Almeida, Joana; Marques, Carla; Duque, Frederico; Oliveira, Guiomar – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
The influence of specific autism spectrum disorder (ASD) deficits in Intelligence Quotients (IQ), Indexes and subtests from the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-III was investigated in 445 school-aged children: ASD (N = 224) and other neurodevelopmental disorders (N = 221), matched by Full-Scale IQ and chronological age. ASD have lower…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Scores, Intelligence Quotient
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McGonigle-Chalmers, Margaret; McSweeney, Meabh – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2013
15 School-aged high functioning children on the autistic spectrum were compared with a neurotypical cohort on the WISC-III and the KABC-II, to determine the impact of the relatively more strict timing criteria of the former test on the evaluation of nonverbal intelligence. Significant group effects, showing lower performance by the ASD group were…
Descriptors: Autism, Nonverbal Ability, Intelligence Tests, Pervasive Developmental Disorders
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Merchan-Naranjo, Jessica; Mayoral, Maria; Rapado-Castro, Marta; Llorente, Cloe; Boada, Leticia; Arango, Celso; Parellada, Mara – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2012
Asperger syndrome (AS) patients show heterogeneous intelligence profiles and the validity of short forms for estimating intelligence has rarely been studied in this population. We analyzed the validity of Wechsler Intelligence Scale (WIS) short forms for estimating full-scale intelligence quotient (FSIQ) and assessing intelligence profiles in 29…
Descriptors: Multiple Intelligences, Asperger Syndrome, Validity, Intelligence Quotient
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