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Schroder, Carmen M.; Malow, Beth A.; Maras, Athanasios; Melmed, Raun D.; Findling, Robert L.; Breddy, John; Nir, Tali; Shahmoon, Shiri; Zisapel, Nava; Gringras, Paul – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2019
A randomized, 13-weeks, placebo-controlled double-blind study in 125 subjects aged 2-17.5 years with Autism Spectrum Disorder or Smith-Magenis syndrome and insomnia demonstrated efficacy and safety of easily-swallowed prolonged-release melatonin mini-tablets (PedPRM; 2-5 mg) in improving sleep duration and onset. Treatment effects on child…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Genetic Disorders, Sleep
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Toseeb, Umar; McChesney, Gillian; Wolke, Dieter – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2018
Using data from a prospective population based study, the prevalence and psychopathological correlates of sibling bullying in children with and without autism spectrum disorder (ASD) were estimated. There were 475 children with ASD and 13,702 children without ASD aged 11 years. Children with ASD were more likely to be bullied by their siblings…
Descriptors: Siblings, Bullying, Children, Autism
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Tsai, Hsiao-Wei Joy; Cebula, Katie; Fletcher-Watson, Sue – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
The influence of the broader autism phenotype (BAP) on the adjustment of siblings of children with autism has previously been researched mainly in Western cultures. The present research evaluated a diathesis-stress model of sibling adjustment using a questionnaire study including 80 and 75 mother-typically developing sibling dyads in Taiwan and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Genetics
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Saito, Aya; Stickley, Andrew; Haraguchi, Hideyuki; Takahashi, Hidetoshi; Ishitobi, Makoto; Kamio, Yoko – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2017
Although children with a greater number of autistic traits are likely to have other mental health problems, research on the association between earlier autistic traits in preschool children and later emotional/behavioral outcomes is scarce. Using data from 189 Japanese community-based children, this study examined whether autistic traits at age 5…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Preschool Children, Correlation
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Green, Dido; Chandler, Susie; Charman, Tony; Simonoff, Emily; Baird, Gillian – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Atypical responses to sensory stimuli are a new criterion in DSM-5 for the diagnosis of an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) but are also reported in other developmental disorders. Using the Short Sensory profile (SSP) and Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised we compared atypical sensory behaviour (hyper- or hypo-reactivity to sensory input or unusual…
Descriptors: Stimuli, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Comparative Analysis
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Takahashi, Hidetoshi; Komatsu, Sahoko; Nakahachi, Takayuki; Ogino, Kazuo; Kamio, Yoko – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2016
Auditory hyper-reactivity is a common sensory-perceptual abnormality in autism spectrum disorders (ASD), which interrupts behavioral adaptation. We investigated acoustic startle response (ASR) modulations in 17 children with ASD and 27 with typical development (TD). Compared to TD, children with ASD had larger ASR magnitude to weak stimuli and…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Auditory Stimuli, Emotional Response
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Cianfaglione, Rina; Hastings, Richard P.; Felce, David; Clarke, Angus; Kerr, Michael P. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2015
Few published studies have reported on the psychological well-being of family members of individuals with Rett syndrome (RTT). Eighty-seven mothers of girls and women with RTT completed a questionnaire survey about their daughters' behavioral phenotype, current health, and behavior problems, and their own and a sibling's well-being. Mothers…
Descriptors: Well Being, Mothers, Daughters, Genetic Disorders
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Huang, Chien-Yu; Yen, Hsui-Chen; Tseng, Mei-Hui; Tung, Li-Chen; Chen, Ying-Dar; Chen, Kuan-Lin – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
This study examined the effects of autistic behaviors and individual emotional and behavioral problems on parenting stress in caregivers of children with autism. Caregivers were interviewed with the Childhood Autism Rating Scale and completed the Strength and Difficulties Questionnaire and the Parenting Stress Index Short Form. Results revealed…
Descriptors: Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Child Behavior, Emotional Problems
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Griffith, Gemma M.; Hastings, Richard P.; Petalas, Michael A. – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
Debate is ongoing about whether typically developing siblings of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are at greater risk of behavioral or emotional problems than siblings of children without ASD. Most data on behavior is provided by mothers, and we do not know whether fathers' reports differ. The strengths and difficulties questionnaire…
Descriptors: Mother Attitudes, Father Attitudes, Autism, Pervasive Developmental Disorders