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Zoder-Martell, Kimberly A.; Floress, Margaret T.; Bernas, Ronan S.; Dufrene, Brad A.; Foulks, Samantha L. – Journal of Applied School Psychology, 2019
The purpose of this study was to synthesize the literature in support of training teachers to use behavior-specific praise, which is a strategy used to reduce students' disruptive and off-task behavior as well as prevent students' problem behaviors from occurring. The results of 28 single-case studies examining the effectiveness of training…
Descriptors: Behavior Modification, Behavior Problems, Student Behavior, Time on Task
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Olson, Natasha A.; Panahon, Carlos J.; Hilt-Panahon, Alexandra – Journal of Applied School Psychology, 2019
Stability balls are promoted as an effective alternative to chairs at a classwide level, yet there are no published studies documenting classwide outcomes. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate classwide effects of stability balls and attempt to provide empirical support for their use. Using an A-B-A-B reversal design, this study…
Descriptors: Furniture, Student Behavior, Productivity, Behavior Problems
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Reid, Erin K.; Keller-Margulis, Milena A.; Schanding, G. Thomas; Tolar, Tammy D. – Journal of Applied School Psychology, 2019
A concerning number of students fail to achieve writing proficiency, yet little attention has been devoted to examining why this occurs. While robust evidence indicates that behavior impacts reading and math achievement, the relationship between behavior and writing skills is unclear, particularly among young students. The authors examined the…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Predictor Variables, Writing Achievement, Writing Instruction
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McDaniel, Sara C.; Bruhn, Allison L. – Journal of Applied School Psychology, 2019
The multitiered framework for preventing and addressing discipline and school climate, school-wide positive behavioral interventions and supports, is widely adopted across the United States with much of the focus on Tier 1, universal prevention supports. The following case example describes district-wide adoption of a systematic framework for Tier…
Descriptors: Identification, Intervention, Positive Behavior Supports, Rural Schools
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Albritton, Kizzy; Mathews, Rachel E.; Boyle, Sara G. – Journal of Applied School Psychology, 2019
Historically, the role of school psychologists in early childhood settings has been limited to the identification and evaluation of children who may be in need of special education services under Part B of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. It has been suggested that the role should reflect a more proactive model; specifically, it…
Descriptors: School Psychologists, Counselor Role, Preschool Education, School Psychology
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Tusing, Mary E.; Breikjern, Nicholle A. – Journal of Applied School Psychology, 2017
Educators increasingly need to evaluate schoolwide reform efforts; however, complex program evaluations often are not feasible in schools. Through a case example, we provide a heuristic for program evaluation that is easily replicated in schools. Criterion-referenced interpretations of schoolwide screening data were used to evaluate outcomes…
Descriptors: Curriculum Based Assessment, Program Evaluation, School Psychologists, Heuristics
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Floress, Margaret T.; Jacoby, Amber L. – Journal of Applied School Psychology, 2017
The Caterpillar Game is a classroom management system that is aligned with School-wide Positive Behavioral Interventions and Supports standards. A single-case, multiple-baseline design was used to evaluate the effects of the Caterpillar Game on disruptive student behavior and teacher praise. Three classrooms were included in the study (preschool,…
Descriptors: Positive Behavior Supports, Alignment (Education), Classroom Techniques, Games
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Wickerd, Garry; Hulac, David – Journal of Applied School Psychology, 2017
Accurate and rapid identification of students displaying behavioral problems requires instrumentation that is user friendly and reliable. The purpose of the study was to evaluate a multi-item direct behavior rating scale called the Direct Behavior Rating-Multiple Item Scale (DBR-MIS) for disruptive behavior to determine the number of…
Descriptors: Behavior Rating Scales, Kindergarten, Behavior Problems, Young Children
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Frisby, Craig – Journal of Applied School Psychology, 2016
Spelling words can be scored using a wide variety of scoring methods that vary in prerequisite phonological knowledge required by the scorer, as well as the complexity of scoring rules used in assigning scores. Two of the simpler spelling word scoring methods (i.e., Words Spelled Correctly and Correct Letter Sequence) typically used by most…
Descriptors: Spelling, Scoring, Comparative Analysis, Grade 3
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McCurdy, Merilee; Clure, Lynne F.; Bleck, Amanda A.; Schmitz, Stephanie L. – Journal of Applied School Psychology, 2016
Spelling is an important skill that is crucial to effective written communication. In this study, brief experimental analysis procedures were used to examine spelling instruction strategies (e.g., whole word correction; word study strategy; positive practice; and cover, copy, and compare) for four students. In addition, an extended analysis was…
Descriptors: Spelling, Grade 3, Grade 5, Elementary School Students
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Hartman, Kelsey; Gresham, Frank – Journal of Applied School Psychology, 2016
Disruptive behavior in the classroom negatively affects all students' academic engagement, achievement, and behavior. Group contingencies have been proven effective in reducing disruptive behavior as part of behavior interventions in the classroom. The Good Behavior Game is a Tier 1 classwide intervention that utilizes an interdependent group…
Descriptors: Student Behavior, Behavior Problems, Intervention, Behavior Modification
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Poncy, Brian C.; Jaspers, Kathryn E.; Hansmann, Paul R.; Bui, Levita; Matthew, William B. – Journal of Applied School Psychology, 2015
An alternating treatments design with a control condition was used to evaluate and compare the effects of two taped-problem interventions on addition fact fluency. Both taped-problem interventions were identical with the exception of the time delay between the auditory cue of the problem and the answer. One condition used a 2-s delay and the other…
Descriptors: Control Groups, Experimental Groups, Intervention, Concept Formation
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DeJager, Brett W.; Filter, Kevin J. – Journal of Applied School Psychology, 2015
This study assessed the effectiveness of prevent-teach-reinforce (P-T-R), a functional behavioral assessment-based intervention for students with behavior problems, using an A-B-A-B design with follow-up. Participants included three students in kindergarten, fourth grade, and fifth grade in a rural Midwestern school district. P-T-R interventions…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Teaching Methods, Reinforcement, Behavior Modification
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Weis, Robert; Osborne, Karen J.; Dean, Emily L. – Journal of Applied School Psychology, 2015
The Good Behavior Game (GBG) is a universal prevention program designed to increase academic engagement and to decrease disruptive behavior in elementary school-age children. Teachers and other school personnel use interdependent group contingencies to improve students' behavior in the classroom. Previous research indicates the GBG is efficacious…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Behavior Problems, Student Behavior, Contingency Management
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Smith, Christopher J.; Pollard, Elena; Stein, Alexander J.; Ober-Reynolds, Sharman; Kirwan, Janet; Malligo, Amanda; Matthews, Nicole L.; Openden, Daniel; Melmed, Raun D. – Journal of Applied School Psychology, 2015
Schools regularly screen students for hearing and vision impairments because they present impediments to academic progress. For the same reason, schools should consider adding a universal screening for social challenges, which may also impede the learning process. This study reports on the development of the Social Challenges Screening…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Screening Tests, Questionnaires, Interpersonal Competence
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