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Lombardi, Megan M.; Choplin, Jessica M. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2010
Three experiments investigated the impact of anchors on students' estimates of personal alcohol consumption to better understand the role that this form of bias might have in social norm intervention programs. Experiments I and II found that estimates of consumption were susceptible to anchoring effects when an open-answer and a scale-response…
Descriptors: Intervention, Alcohol Education, Alcohol Abuse, Drinking
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Bergen-Cico, Dessa; Kilmer, Jason – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2010
Intercept surveys were conducted with 149 college students each asked to record their alcohol consumption for the previous two weeks using the Timeline Follow-back (TLFB method). Immediately following completion of the pretest TLFB alcohol survey the students were presented with brief educational information defining what constitutes one standard…
Descriptors: Alcohol Education, Drinking, College Students, Surveys
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Crozier, Mary K.; Gressard, Charles F. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2005
There is an established body of research on the effectiveness of comprehensive substance abuse prevention strategies in higher education. There is relatively little research, however, on the characteristics and job functions of prevention professionals and their effectiveness. This study was designed to examine the characteristics of professionals…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Higher Education, Prevention, Substance Abuse
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Peeler, Colin M.; Far, Jeanne; Miller, John; Brigham, Thomas A. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2000
Examines the effects of a Peer Norms Correction (PNC) procedure on college students' perceptions of campus drinking and their actual drinking behavior. Results suggest that PNC may be useful in correcting misperceptions about the norms for alcohol use but not for decreasing heavy drinking among college students. (Contains 28 references and 2…
Descriptors: College Environment, College Students, Drinking, Higher Education
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Thombs, Dennis L. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2000
This retrospective study examined long-term effects of Drug Abuse Resistance Education (DARE) by assessing substance use among undergraduates. Results from a multiple discriminant analysis found that after accounting for effects of age, there were no substantial group differences in substance use. These findings add to a growing literature that…
Descriptors: Discriminant Analysis, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Outcomes of Education
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Mauck, Samuel R.; Zagumny, Matthew J. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2000
Surveys college students (N=119) to examine psychosocial predictors of interventions to prevent drunk driving. Results show that the level of comparative impairment between the intervenor and the drunk driver, the sense of moral/social obligation to intervene, and the number of people consulted about the intervention significantly predicted…
Descriptors: Alcohol Abuse, College Students, Crisis Intervention, Driving While Intoxicated
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Waring, Mary L.; And Others – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 1984
Examined drinking patterns in 256 graduate social work students. Results showed 218 used alcohol. Wine was the generally preferred beverage, despite age, sex, ethnic, and religious differences. Hispanics were the lightest drinkers. A substantial majority of the students wanted course work in alcoholism. (JAC)
Descriptors: Alcoholic Beverages, Behavior Patterns, Drinking, Graduate Students
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Martin, Chorsie E.; Duncan, David F. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 1984
Examined the effect of televised drug commercials on drug use in college students (N=223). Results indicated that over-the-counter drug advertising has no effect on the likelihood of drug use in college students. However, a weak positive relationship was found between weekday television viewing and marijuana use. (JAC)
Descriptors: College Students, Drug Use, Etiology, Higher Education
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Kodman, F.; Sturmak, M. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 1984
Surveyed fraternity members from 41 colleges to examine drinking patterns among college students. Results showed 90 percent of college students reported drinking at social gatherings. Beer was the most popular beverage and grain alcohol the least popular. (JAC)
Descriptors: Alcoholic Beverages, Behavior Patterns, College Students, Drinking
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Serdahely, William J. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 1984
Describes a nontraditional approach to college drug education that attempts to make the cognitive domain relevant to the student through the use of negotiated learning contracts. Includes the affective and psychomotor domains with activities in drug behavior modification, self-concept awareness, stress management, and nondrug highs. (Author/LLL)
Descriptors: Behavior Modification, College Students, Course Content, Drug Education
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Kozicki, Zigmond A. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 1982
Measured problem drinking of college students (N=613) by statistical analysis of reported drinking behavior, psychological involvement and consequences of alcohol use. Results showed alcohol problem scores for 72 percent of students questioned, higher scores for males than females, and no differences as a function of age or class standing.…
Descriptors: Behavior Patterns, Behavior Problems, College Students, Drinking
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Mills, Kenneth C.; McCarty, Dennis – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 1983
Used data from 459 college students to outline a problem specific approach to alcohol abuse prevention. Survey data described the distribution of drinkers and nondrinkers, group differences in consumption, and problems commonly experienced. Relationships between consumption and beliefs, attitudes and social pressure were used to design peer…
Descriptors: Alcohol Education, Behavior Patterns, College Students, Formative Evaluation
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Kodman, Frank – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 1983
Used a revised alcohol scale to estimate what college students (N=692) would consider to be addiction to alcohol and drugs. The median number of yes answers was computed for alcohol nonusers, users and drug users and nonusers. Overall, students were very liberal in their opinions. (JAC)
Descriptors: Alcoholism, Attitude Measures, Behavior Patterns, College Students
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Gonzalez, Gerardo M. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 1983
Studied predictors of alcohol use and misuse in 1,823 college students who completed the Student Alcohol Information Survey. Results showed students who began drinking younger reported more alcohol-related problems. Students introduced to alcohol with parental consent, who were the majority, experienced significantly fewer problems. (JAC)
Descriptors: Alcoholic Beverages, Behavior Patterns, Behavior Problems, College Students
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Wright, Loyd S. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 1983
Surveyed 619 college freshmen to determine how many considered themselves to have drinking problems. Results showed males and youngest children in the family had the most problems. Both males and females who had drinking problems reported stressful childhoods, and were twice as likely to have divorced parents. (JAC)
Descriptors: Alcoholic Beverages, Behavior Problems, College Freshmen, Drinking
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