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Carvalho, Helena M.; Pires, Cristiana Vale; López-Guerrero, Jose; Pinto, Marta – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2019
This study explores the relevance of the breathalyzer test as a harm reduction tool in outreach interventions implemented in nightlife environments. Specifically, it analyzes (i) gender and age differences on Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC); (ii) the association between BAC levels and expected effects and (iii) the relationship between BAC…
Descriptors: Role, Diagnostic Tests, Gender Differences, Age Differences
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Peterson, Jessie M. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2019
Research was conducted to determine if social capital influenced the norms of drinking and alcohol-related behavior amongst college students. A random sample survey was distributed to college students at a medium-sized regional university (N = 2600). A mixed-method design was used to examine the results, including correlation and regression…
Descriptors: Social Capital, Drinking, Student Behavior, Student Attitudes
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Moylett, Sinéad; Regan, Daniel; Walsh, Chloe; MacNeela, Pádraig; Hughes, Brian M. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2019
The aim was to examine the theoretical constructs and psychometric structure of the Protective Behavioural Strategies Scale (PBSS). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis (EFA, CFA) were conducted on data from two studies. Only data from registered university students (18-25 years) were included. EFA supported a two-factor solution for the…
Descriptors: Drinking, Measures (Individuals), Likert Scales, Psychometrics
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Kruger, Daniel J.; Kruger, Jessica S.; Wagner-Greene, Victoria R.; Wotring, Amy N.; Castor, Thomas S.; Glassman, Tavis J.; Blavos, Alexis – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2019
This study identifies new areas for risk-reduction strategies and research with regular cannabis users. Participants at a cannabis advocacy event in the Midwestern USA completed a survey including items from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. Most participants (70%) reported using cannabis to treat a medical condition, though a…
Descriptors: Health Behavior, Access to Health Care, Marijuana, Drug Use
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Boyas, Javier F.; Marsiglia, Flavio F. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2019
The present study describes results of a randomized three-group repeated measures study that examined whether augmenting a culturally-based parent education program (Familias) can strengthen the effects of a youth intervention (kiR) in reducing rates of alcohol consumption among Latinx adolescents. A stratified random sample of 462 Latinx early…
Descriptors: Drinking, Hispanic Americans, Correlation, Parent Education
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Ward, Rose Marie; McMurrary, Matthew; Brinkman, Craig; Taylor, Elizabeth A.; Witmer, Kathryn A.; Bonar, Robert N.; Lewis, Patrick – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2019
When trying to prevent deaths from alcohol overdose, potentially intoxicated companions of the inebriated person must know when to intervene. The current project examined the relation between intoxication level and the signs of alcohol poisoning. In a local bar district, interviewers asked college students (N = 178; 52% female students) to…
Descriptors: College Students, Student Attitudes, Alcohol Abuse, Dining Facilities
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Luneke, Aaron C.; Glassman, Tavis J.; Dake, Joseph A.; Thompson, Amy J.; Blavos, Alexis A.; Aaron J. Diehr, – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2019
This systematic review summarizes the extant literature concerning college students and alcohol mixed with energy drink (AmED) consumption. Inclusion criteria incorporated studies that reported on AmED consumption, along with attitudes and perceptions of energy drink and AmED use among United States college students ages 18-25. The search yielded…
Descriptors: Drinking, Food, College Students, Student Attitudes
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Balasch, Marcel; Faucha, Mireia; Antelo, Victoria Sanchez; Pires, Cristiana Vale; Carvalho, Helena – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2018
Heavy Episodic Drinking (HED) is becoming a common drinking pattern among young adults in South Europe. Additionally, alcohol consumption has increased among young women, narrowing the gender gap in alcohol use. In the scope of the European action-research project 'ALLCOOL', this study explores sex-related differences on HED among young adults…
Descriptors: Alcohol Abuse, Young Adults, Gender Differences, Health Behavior
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Eitle, David; Eitle, Tamela McNulty – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2018
American Indians have among the highest prevalence rates for both substance use and obesity, yet there is a dearth of studies that have examined this relationship. We examined a subsample of American Indian adolescents (n=623), using the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health. We examined the association between body mass index…
Descriptors: Body Weight, American Indians, Adolescents, Correlation
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Díaz-Meneses, Gonzalo; Beerli-Palacio, Asunción; Martín-Santana, Josefa Delia – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2018
This research focuses on the analysis of cannabis consumption amongst young people, explaining this phenomenon by way of analysing the differences between cannabis smokers and non-smokers in order to shed light on whether cannabis is linked to specific leisure activities, and, moreover, whether it is connected to the intensity and variety of…
Descriptors: Marijuana, Drug Use, Leisure Time, Comparative Analysis
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Rodrigues, Carla Veiga; Figueiredo, Ana Betriz; Rocha, Sara; Ward, Sam; Tavares, Hugo Braga – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2018
Introduction: Adolescence is a period of physical, psychological, cognitive and emotional changes, where autonomy from parental control is demanded. Adolescents are often self-discovering, frequently adopting sexual and drug exploration behaviors. As a result, health status in both adolescence and adulthood can be influenced. Methods: A…
Descriptors: Student Behavior, Risk, Questionnaires, Grade 8
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Cheney, Marshall K.; Vesely, Sara K.; Aspy, Cheryl B.; Oman, Roy F.; Tolma, Eleni L. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2018
The prospective associations between negative life events (NLEs) and adolescent alcohol use was examined using the Youth Asset Study. Participants (n = 1040 adolescents, mean age = 15.8 years) completed annual interviews which included a life events scale and alcohol use in the last 30 days. Family structure and parent education were assessed as…
Descriptors: Adolescent Attitudes, Adolescent Development, Drinking, Correlation
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Banbury, Samantha; Lusher, Joanne; Guedelha, Francisco – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2018
The Misuse of Drugs Act (1971) and the Psychoactive Substances Act (2016) both reinforce the criminalisation of drug use in the UK. The Psychoactive Substances Act (2016) has been developed to control and monitor the use of legal highs, particularly in institutions. This study aimed to establish drug service providers' viewpoints on how effective…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Substance Abuse, Drug Use, Crime Prevention
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Besse, Kelsey; Toomey, Traci L.; Hunt, Shanda; Lenk, Kathleen M.; Widome, Rachel; Nelson, Toben F. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2018
Excessive alcohol use among military personnel is a significant concern. A potential contributor to this problem may be alcohol-serving environments around military installations; however, limited information is available about these environments. We conducted focus groups and interviews with Army personnel from two installations regarding soldier…
Descriptors: Military Personnel, Drinking, Focus Groups, Interviews
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Cleveland, Michael J.; Turrisi, Rob; Reavy, Racheal; Ackerman, Sarah; Buxton, Orfeu M. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2018
A total of 295 first-year students were recruited from multiple campuses of a state-wide university system. Multiple-group path analysis compared parental and peer influences between two student subgroups. First-year students attending 4-year institutions reported higher rates of alcohol use and were more likely to experience alcohol-related…
Descriptors: Parent Influence, Peer Influence, Community Colleges, College Freshmen
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