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Lillehoj, Catherine J.; Trudeau, Linda; Spoth, Richard – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2005
Pstudy investigated the effects of baseline levels of academic achievement and longitudinal trends in normative beliefs on adolescent substance initiation across a 42-month time period. Participants were 272 rural adolescents who were an average of 12.3 years old at the baseline assessment. Academic achievement positively predicted the intercept…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Substance Abuse, Grade 7, Behavior Standards
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Jobli, Edessa C.; Dore, Heather S.; Werch, Chudley E.; Moore, Michele J. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2005
This study examined the prevalence of high potency (liquor, malt liquor, fortified wine) and other alcoholic beverage consumption (beer, wine/wine coolers) among adolescents, the impact of gender and ethnicity, and the risk and protective factors that predicted consumption. A confidential survey revealed that, among eighth grade students,…
Descriptors: Grade 8, Prevention, Early Adolescents, Gender Differences