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Dunn, Michael S.; Kitts, Cathy; Lewis, Sandy; Goodrow, Bruce; Scherzer, Gary D. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2011
Background: Alcohol, tobacco, marijuana use, and sexual behaviors are consistently reported by high school students in the United States and can contribute to reduced quality of life. Empirical research finds that many assets may act as a protective factor for adolescent risk behaviors. As such, the purpose of this study was to examine the…
Descriptors: Smoking, Marijuana, Quality of Life, Adolescents
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Foster, Holly A.; Bass, Ellen J.; Bruce, Susan E. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2011
High-risk drinking remains an issue on college campuses. Limited research focuses on drinking associated with single events where students are encouraged to drink a predetermined amount of alcohol. Fourth-year undergraduate students (N=1,205) completed a survey about motivation, behaviors and perceptions surrounding participation in a practice…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, Campuses, Drinking, Risk
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Huchting, Karie K.; Lac, Andrew; Hummer, Justin F.; LaBrie, Joseph W. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2011
While affiliation with Greek fraternities/sororities and intercollegiate athletic teams is associated with heavier drinking (Meilman et al., 1999), few studies have compared reasons for drinking among these groups. A sample of 1,541 students, identifying as either Greeks or athletes, completed an online survey. Athletes were significantly higher…
Descriptors: College Athletics, Athletes, Intention, Sororities
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Gassman, Ruth; Nowicke, Carole E.; Jun, Mi Kung – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2010
Survey responses by nonexperimental drug users in grades 6-12 were examined to determine whether MA users and nonusers with shared individual characteristics experience differential rates of police trouble, and whether specific factors place some users at greater risk than others. Findings showed that police trouble is pronounced for MA users,…
Descriptors: Individual Characteristics, Elementary Secondary Education, Drug Use, Grade 6
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Will, Kelli England; Sabo, Cynthia Shier – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2010
The Reinforcing Alcohol Prevention (RAP) Program is an alcohol prevention curriculum developed in partnership with secondary schools to serve their need for a brief, evidence-based, and straightforward program that aligned with state learning objectives. Program components included an educational lesson, video, and interactive activities delivered…
Descriptors: Evidence, Video Technology, Prevention, Drinking
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Okamoto, Scott K.; Po'a-Kekuawela, Ka'ohinani; Chin, Coralee I. H.; Nebre, La Risa H.; Helm, Susana – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2010
This qualitative study examined the drug resistance strategies of Hawaiian youth residing in rural communities in Hawai'i. Forty seven youth participated in 14 focus groups which focused on the social and environmental context of drug use for these youth. The findings indicated that there were 47 references to resistance strategies used in drug…
Descriptors: Drug Education, Prevention, Focus Groups, Drug Use
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Burke, Sloane C.; Cremeens, Jennifer; Vail-Smith, Karen; Woolsey, Conrad – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2010
Using a sample of 692 freshmen at a southeastern university, this study examined caloric restriction among students prior to planned alcohol consumption. Participants were surveyed for self-reported alcohol consumption, binge drinking, and caloric intake habits prior to drinking episodes. Results indicated that 99 of 695 (14%) of first year…
Descriptors: Evidence, Prevention, Behavior Modification, Drinking
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Planken, Martijn J. E.; Boer, Henk – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2010
Aim of this study was to evaluate a standard ten-minute peer education protocol to reduce binge drinking among Dutch adolescents at campsites during summer holidays. Using a quasi-experimental design, we evaluated the effects of the peer education protocol as applied by trained peer educators. We collected data by telephone interviews fourteen…
Descriptors: Holidays, Quasiexperimental Design, Self Efficacy, Alcohol Abuse
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Lombardi, Megan M.; Choplin, Jessica M. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2010
Three experiments investigated the impact of anchors on students' estimates of personal alcohol consumption to better understand the role that this form of bias might have in social norm intervention programs. Experiments I and II found that estimates of consumption were susceptible to anchoring effects when an open-answer and a scale-response…
Descriptors: Intervention, Alcohol Education, Alcohol Abuse, Drinking
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Bergen-Cico, Dessa; Kilmer, Jason – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2010
Intercept surveys were conducted with 149 college students each asked to record their alcohol consumption for the previous two weeks using the Timeline Follow-back (TLFB method). Immediately following completion of the pretest TLFB alcohol survey the students were presented with brief educational information defining what constitutes one standard…
Descriptors: Alcohol Education, Drinking, College Students, Surveys
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Lojewski, Renee; Rotunda, Rob J.; Arruda, James E. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2010
Descriptive norms, which are beliefs about the most commonly exhibited behavior in a group, are commonly used in normative interventions to reduce harmful drinking and perceptions about the extent of drinking among peers. The present study examined if interventions utilizing gender personalized normative would decrease subjects' misperceptions and…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Control Groups, Age, Drinking
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Woolsey, Conrad – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2010
The combined-use of alcohol and energy drinks (EDs) on college campuses and in communities has become a considerable public health concern. Among college students, intercollegiate athletes have been identified as being particularly at-risk for excessive alcohol consumption and resultant health and behavioral consequences. The main purpose of this…
Descriptors: Campuses, Prevention, Public Health, Athletes
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Crawford, Lizabeth A.; Novak, Katherine B. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2010
Many students view the abuse of alcohol as integral to the student role. Thus, they feel entitled to drink heavily without sanction. OLS regression was used to assess the extent to which these beliefs about alcohol and the college experience moderate the effects of descriptive and injunctive campus drinking norms on students' levels of alcohol…
Descriptors: Student Role, Drinking, Norms, Perception
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Gieck, D. Joseph; Slagle, David M. – Journal of Alcohol and Drug Education, 2010
A university-affiliated safe ride program was evaluated to determine whether these programs can reduce drunk-driving related costs. Data was collected from 187 safe ride passengers during three nights of operation. Among the passengers, 93% were enrolled at a local University, 31% were younger than 21, and 40% reported a prior alcohol-related…
Descriptors: Evidence, Drinking, Costs, Universities
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