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Greaney, Vincent – International Review of Education, 1980
Recent experience of test development in Ireland, which had no tradition of formal standardized testing, is described, in order to highlight a number of practical and psychometric problems. It is pointed out that some conventional procedures for developing norm-referenced attainment tests have limitations, especially in countries with centralized…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries, National Competency Tests
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Huallachain, Colman L. O. – International Review of Education, 1978
This paper considers the declining use of Irish (Gaelic) as a language of instruction in both Ulster and the Republic of Ireland in this century. Policy statements are analyzed. Tables list percentages of primary and secondary schools conducted in Irish, English, or bilingual modes over the decades. (SJL)
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, English
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Cummins, James – International Review of Education, 1978
This paper examines the evidence on negative effects associated with Irish immersion programs and concludes that even in earlier immersion schools, which frequently lacked parental support, there is little evidence of detrimental academic effects. Many Irish immersion teachers emphasized the importance of parental commitment to immersion…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Bilingual Education, Elementary Secondary Education, Failure