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Benavot, Aaron – International Review of Education, 2015
Literacy is an essential means of communication. It enables individuals, communities and institutions to interact, over time and across space, as they develop a web of social relations via language. Effective literacy policies, programmes and practices expand the scale of social communication and interaction. Thus, literacy thrives when a state of…
Descriptors: Literacy, Interpersonal Communication, Interaction, Educational Policy
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Haugen, Caitlin S.; Klees, Steven J.; Stromquist, Nelly P.; Lin, Jing; Choti, Truphena; Corneilse, Carol – International Review of Education, 2014
Girls' education has been a high development priority for decades. While some progress has been made, girls are often still at a great disadvantage, especially in developing countries, and most especially in African countries. In sub-Saharan Africa, less than half of primary school teachers and only a quarter of secondary school teachers are…
Descriptors: Barriers, Program Effectiveness, Educational Policy, Women Faculty
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Brock-Utne, Birgit; Mercer, Malcolm – International Review of Education, 2014
Africans speak African languages in their everyday lives while lessons in school are delivered in an exogenous language. In many places adult education is also carried out in a language the majority of people do not speak. The exogenous languages, which are the languages of the former colonial powers and mastered just by a small African elite, are…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, African Languages, Democracy, Lifelong Learning