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ERIC Number: EJ954607
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Dec
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0020-8566
A First-Language-First Multilingual Model to Meet the Quality Imperative in Formal Basic Education in Three "Francophone" West African Countries
Nikiema, Norbert
International Review of Education, v57 n5-6 p599-616 Dec 2011
This paper documents the new trend towards a first-language-first multilingual model in formal education in three former French colonies of West Africa, namely Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger. It compares the sociolinguistic situations, the conditions of the development of multilingual education and the achievements of mother-tongue-medium education in all three countries. The evidence is that, contrary to common discourse in "francophonie," a strong first-language-first model in formal education is the best guarantee of a good mastery of French and, more generally, of quality education in francophone countries.
Springer. 233 Spring Street, New York, NY 10013. Tel: 800-777-4643; Tel: 212-460-1500; Fax: 212-348-4505; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Primary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Africa; Burkina Faso; Mali; Niger