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Smith, Patrick H.; Murillo, Luz A. – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2015
In this conceptual article we invite multilingual researchers to consider the concept of translanguaging through the lens of human capital theory. Our thinking about the interconnections among human capital, multilingualism, and translanguaging is motivated by our research in border "colonias" and other minoritized communities in South…
Descriptors: Multilingualism, Literacy, Code Switching (Language), Human Capital
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Martínez-Roldán, Carmen María – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2015
This article discusses the results of an empirical study that examined the translanguaging practices of primary-grade, bilingual Latino students, as mediated by bilingual teacher candidates (TCs), in an after-school program in the southwestern United States. Expansive Learning theory, within the cultural-historical activity tradition, guided the…
Descriptors: Code Switching (Language), After School Programs, Spanish, English (Second Language)
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Gort, Mileidis; Sembiante, Sabrina Francesca – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2015
In recent years, there has been a growing interest among policymakers, practitioners, and researchers in early bilingual development and the unique role of the educational setting's language policy in this development. In this article, we describe how one dual language preschool teacher, in partnership with two co-teachers, navigated the tensions…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Code Switching (Language), Cultural Background, Language Variation
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Martínez, Ramón Antonio; Hikida, Michiko; Durán, Leah – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2015
This article draws on qualitative data from two Spanish-English dual language elementary classrooms to explore how teachers in these classrooms made sense of the everyday practice of bilingualism. Methodologically, this study relied on participant observation, video recording, and semi-structured interviews. Conceptually, this article draws on the…
Descriptors: Qualitative Research, Bilingual Education, Spanish, Bilingualism
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Henderson, Kathryn I.; Palmer, Deborah K. – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2015
This article provides an in-depth exploration of the language ecologies of two classrooms attempting to implement a two-way dual language (TWDL) program and its mediating conditions. Drawing on ethnographic methods and a sociocultural understanding of language, we examined both teachers' and students' language ideologies and language practices,…
Descriptors: Program Implementation, Ideology, Educational Practices, Grade 3
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DeFeo, Dayna Jean – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2015
This article presents a case study of the perceptions of Spanish heritage speakers enrolled in introductory-level Spanish foreign language courses. Despite their own identities that were linked to the United States and Spanish of the Borderlands, the participants felt that the curriculum acknowledged the Spanish of Spain and foreign countries but…
Descriptors: Spanish, Spanish Speaking, Case Studies, Second Language Programs
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Li, Hongli; Suen, Hoi K. – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2015
This study examines how Chinese ESL learners recognize English words while responding to a multiple-choice reading test as compared to Romance-language-speaking ESL learners. Four adult Chinese ESL learners and three adult Romance-language-speaking ESL learners participated in a think-aloud study with the Michigan English Language Assessment…
Descriptors: Chinese, English (Second Language), English Language Learners, Romance Languages
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McCarty, Teresa L.; Nicholas, Sheilah E.; Wyman, Leisy T. – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2015
Fifty years after the U.S. Congress passed the 1964 Civil Rights Act (CRA), Native Americans continue to fight for the right "to remain an Indian" (Lomawaima & McCarty, 2006) against a backdrop of test-driven language policies that threaten to destabilize proven bilingual programs and violate hard-fought language rights protections…
Descriptors: American Indian Languages, Language Maintenance, Language Skill Attrition, Civil Rights Legislation
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Wiley, Terrence G. – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2015
This article briefly reviews the contributions to this volume and revisits the original focus of the Civil Rights Act (CRA). It considers how much progress has been made in addressing the original concerns regarding ethnic and racial discrimination that the act was intended to address and the intersection of language issues with them. The article…
Descriptors: Civil Rights Legislation, Civil Rights, Racial Discrimination, Ethnicity
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Baugh, John – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2015
Many African American students have been tested using speech pathology diagnostics that are ill suited to their distinctive linguistic circumstances. Slave descendants of African origin share a unique linguistic heritage in contrast and comparison to every other immigrant group residing within America. In an effort to overcome the legacy of…
Descriptors: African American Students, Racial Discrimination, Diagnostic Tests, Speech Tests
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Garrity, Sarah; Aquino-Sterling, Cristian R.; Day, Ashley – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2015
Numerous theories of development position infants as inherently driven to make sense of the world around them, and the acquisition of language is a fundamental developmental milestone of this period. The purpose of this study was to document the first year of implementation of a Spanish/English dual language program in an infant classroom, using a…
Descriptors: Infants, Language Acquisition, Phenomenology, Bilingual Education
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Odugu, Desmond Ikenna – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2015
Widespread scholarly and political attention to language-related inequities in the 20th century precipitated a spate of orientations to language planning in multilingual societies. While various orientations indicate a shift from earlier deficit to affirmative views of multilingualism, vigorous debates persist about the logical and pragmatic…
Descriptors: Multilingualism, Language Usage, Political Issues, Ethnography
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Palacios, Natalia; Kibler, Amanda K.; Baird, Ashley Simpson; Parr, Alyssa; Bergey, Rebecca – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2015
We examined the language practices of five mother-child dyads during a structured play activity, particularly in relation to maternal question use. The study includes second-generation, 4-year-old children of Mexican immigrants who demonstrate either high vocabulary levels in English and Spanish or low levels of vocabulary in both languages.…
Descriptors: Immigrants, Mexican Americans, Mothers, Parent Child Relationship
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Newcomer, Sarah N.; Collier, Lizabeth C. – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2015
Sharing the findings from two qualitative case studies, analyzed together, this article examines various ways educators, both elementary teachers and teacher educators, exercise agency in their interpretation and implementation of Arizona's model of Structured English Immersion (SEI), a 4-hour English Language Development (ELD) block, which…
Descriptors: Immersion Programs, English (Second Language), Second Language Instruction, Qualitative Research
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Shin, Sarah J. – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2014
This study investigates how parents of international adoptees explain their decision to pursue birth-language education for their children and how they go about achieving their goals. It focuses on the perspectives of 16 White U.S. parents who have at least one adopted school-aged child (ages 5 to 18) either currently or previously enrolled in a…
Descriptors: Parents, Adoption, Whites, English (Second Language)
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