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Nino-Murcia, Mercedes; Godenzzi, Juan Carlos; Rothman, Jason – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2008
This article argues that two movements in constant interplay operate within the historical trajectory of the Spanish language: the localization that becomes globalized and the globalization that becomes localized. Equally, this article illustrates how, at the same time that Spanish is expanding in the world, new idiosyncratic and localized forms…
Descriptors: Linguistic Borrowing, Global Approach, Ideology, Foreign Countries
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Mar-Molinero, Clare – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2008
This article seeks to situate Spanish as a global language by exploring both the top-down institutional processes that promote it and the bottom-up grassroots actions that are also increasingly important in the spread and maintenance of global Spanish. This article argues that one of the most important influences now in the explosion of Spanish…
Descriptors: Sociolinguistics, Global Approach, Spanish Speaking, Public Policy
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del Valle, Jose – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2008
In this article, the author analyzes the policies that since the early 1990s have actively promoted the status of Spanish both as an international and global language. The focus is on the actions and discourses of Spain's primary language policy agencies, namely, the Cervantes Institute and the Spanish Royal Academy. Although the Institute has…
Descriptors: Language Planning, Nationalism, Linguistics, Foreign Countries
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Roos, Peter D. – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2007
This article attempts to draw on the legal, policy, and educational experience that we have gained over the past 25-30 years to suggest directions for the future. It is uniquely timed, as we seem to have reached a period of retrenchment after a period of extensive activity. Ultimately, we have to move beyond the present and build on this past…
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Second Language Learning, Educational Experience, Bilingualism
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Gonzalez, Josue – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2007
In this article, the author comments on Peter Roos's article (this issue). The author sees a strong need to clarify whether the horse that is to be remounted is more and better English-as-a-second-language (ESL) programs or the goal of promoting bilingual education as a positive practice in the nation's schools or something else altogether. If the…
Descriptors: Grants, Minority Groups, English (Second Language), Public Education
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Tsui, Amy B. M. – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2007
Spring (2007) provides an interesting account of the global flow of education ideas and how it has always been largely motivated by a fear of the "other." As he points out, the intensified spread of English is a result of choice rather than coercion. In this article, the author focuses on the spread of English and address two aspects in relation…
Descriptors: Linguistics, English, Global Approach, Folk Culture
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Spring, Joel – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2007
This article considers the role of English as the global language within the industrial-consumer paradigm. In the 21st century, the English language plays a different function in the global economy than it did during the 19th century when it was used as an instrument of cultural imperialism. Today, English serves as a vehicle for participation in…
Descriptors: Global Approach, English (Second Language), English, Language Role
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Canagarajah, A. Suresh – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2007
Global English is under contestation. Although some consider lingua franca English (LFE) as a neutral medium or code that does not belong to any specific culture or nationality, others see the deceptive nature of this linguistic globalization. Along with Spring (2007/this issue), they see global English as embodying partisan interests and values.…
Descriptors: Linguistic Borrowing, Morphemes, Multilingualism, Global Approach
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Makoni, Sinfree; Makoni, Busi – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2007
In this article, the authors briefly describe key issues central to what Spring (2007) refers to as the "industrial-consumer paradigm" and the role of English as the global language characterized by what Harvey (1990) called "time and space compression." The authors also comment and provide a critique of some of its primary…
Descriptors: Popular Culture, Global Approach, Foreign Countries, Consumer Economics
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Oda, Masaki – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2007
In an article on English and national identity, Spring gives a historical survey of the role of English and its relation to Japanese national identity. Although English was discouraged during World War II, as it was considered the language of enemy, it was again "made an important academic language and in 1956 was included in entrance…
Descriptors: Academic Discourse, Secondary Schools, Nationalism, War
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Luke, Allan; Luke, Carmen; Graham, Phil – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2007
This article explores the impacts of economic and cultural globalization on language and language education. It acknowledges the spread of English and the negative impacts of this upon other languages and language communities. The case is made that new conditions of economic dominance by multinational corporations raise the stakes for schooling…
Descriptors: Literacy Education, Language Role, Global Approach, Corporations
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Shohamy, Elana – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2007
Joel Spring (2007/this issue) argues that in most nation states around the world today, English plays a central role primarily as a commodity of globalization. At the same time in the United States, English is being perpetuated in nationalistic terms as the only legitimate language. This is done through a variety of mechanisms such as language…
Descriptors: Nationalism, National Security, Federal Legislation, Multilingualism
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Crawford, James – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2007
For decades bilingual education in the United States has faced political adversity to varying degrees. Having survived several waves of English-only activism since the late 1970s, these programs seem unlikely to disappear anytime soon. Research has increasingly demonstrated their superiority to all-English approaches for educating English-language…
Descriptors: Federal Legislation, Bilingual Education, Testing, High Stakes Tests
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Agnihotri, R. K. – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2007
Choosing any one alternative out of the three educational models provided by Joel Spring (2007/this issue) may not really be adequate for a new social-sociolinguistic theory for a potentially just world order. In this article, the author contends that as an alternative to the persistently degenerating consumerist model of the education security…
Descriptors: National Curriculum, Social Life, Foreign Countries, Educational Policy
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Luke, Allan – International Multilingual Research Journal, 2007
As Joel Spring's (2007/this issue) description of Singapore's Orchard Road suggests, Benetton, Zara, Nike, BMW, LG, and Microsoft dominate the visual and textual landscape where signage, advertising, packaging, labeling, and the environments of the connected underground malls and walkways merge into a wall-to-wall, 24/7 print and visual…
Descriptors: Ideology, Foreign Countries, Ethics, Environmental Education
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