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Miles, M. – International Journal of Special Education, 1988
The development of special education in Pakistan is examined, including the present "National Policy for Special Education." Development issues and constraints are discussed, such as motives for having a special education system, comparison and contrast between Western and Asian approaches, and appropriate deployment of scarce resources.…
Descriptors: Asian Studies, Comparative Analysis, Developing Nations, Disabilities
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Tuunainen, Kari – International Journal of Special Education, 1988
The development of special education in Scandinavia is outlined, with special emphasis on Finland. Factors influencing the future of special education include emphasis on independent living, decreasing numbers of workers needed, increased mobility, disabled populations in third world countries, influence of information technology, etc. (Author/JDD)
Descriptors: Disabilities, Educational Change, Educational Planning, Educational Research
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Konig, Andreas – International Journal of Special Education, 1988
Mentally retarded individuals are often stigmatized and segregated, though constitutional guarantees in many countries promise them equality. Use of the U.S. court system to secure these guarantees, resulting in deinstitutionalization, individualization of services, and increased employment opportunities, is analyzed and contrasted with the…
Descriptors: Civil Rights, Comparative Analysis, Constitutional Law, Court Litigation
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Zirpoli, Thomas J.; And Others – International Journal of Special Education, 1988
Nineteen Indonesian students enrolled in a University of Virginia special education training program were assessed on the importance of English-language proficiency. Academic performance was significantly related to English-language training scores but not to preadmission "Test of English as a Foreign Language' scores, student attitudes, or…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Age Differences, Education Majors, English (Second Language)
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Lawenius, Maria – International Journal of Special Education, 1988
Fifty-one 10- to 16-year-old siblings of mentally retarded children were given the Family Relations Test and Rotter's Incomplete Sentence Test. Results indicated family dynamics were influenced by parent reaction to the handicapped child. Compared to controls, the siblings showed idealization of the mentally handicapped child and more conflicts…
Descriptors: Affective Behavior, Conflict, Emotional Response, Family Attitudes
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Ahearn, Eileen M.; Patterson, Jacqueline – International Journal of Special Education, 1986
Historical and contemporary special education in Japan and the United States are compared. Differences in societal acceptance of the handicapped, integration into regular education, educational finance, parental roles, governmental control, and staff training are highlighted. The authors' personal experiences demonstrating the influence of culture…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Cultural Differences, Cultural Influences, Disabilities
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Csapo, Marg – International Journal of Special Education, 1986
The number of handicapped children receiving special education in Zimbabwe is very limited and there appears to be no national policy for special education. However, the Swedish International Development Agency in cooperation with the Ministry of Education of Zimbabwe has conducted a national disability survey and is developing a special education…
Descriptors: Developing Nations, Disabilities, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries
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Muncey, Jim; Ainscow, Mel – International Journal of Special Education, 1986
The Special Needs Action Program (Coventry, England) endeavors to support special needs students in regular primary and secondary schools by providing resource information, a variety of inservice courses, dissemination of materials, and advice and help. Early identification, teacher involvement, practical content, and staff support are major…
Descriptors: Disabilities, Disability Identification, Elementary Secondary Education, Foreign Countries
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Tee Tee, Chua – International Journal of Special Education, 1986
Special education in Malaysia now involves 4,220 handicapped children in four categories: visually handicapped, hearing impaired, mentally retarded, and physically handicapped. Needs such as more special education teachers, early diagnosis, modified curricula, special equipment, and parent counseling are discussed. (Author/DB)
Descriptors: Developing Nations, Disabilities, Educational Needs, Educational Trends
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Juul, Kristen D. – International Journal of Special Education, 1986
Three models of intentional therapeutic communities for troubled youth are described: psychiatric communities, communities with a spiritual orientation, and collectives inspired by A. Makarenko. Applications of the Makarenko model with adolescents having problems of substance abuse and serious social maladjustment in Sweden, Norway, and Denmark…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Drug Abuse, Emotional Disturbances, Emotional Problems
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Magne, Olof – International Journal of Special Education, 1988
This paper discusses the historical development of schooling for deaf children in Sweden, providing statistical information and describing special schools for deaf pupils, efforts to integrate hearing-impaired children into the regular school system, Swedish research on early training of deaf children, and current efforts to improve education of…
Descriptors: Deafness, Early Childhood Education, Educational Development, Educational History
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Nesbit, W. C. – International Journal of Special Education, 1988
The Harlow Project is a special education teacher-training program established by the Department of Educational Psychology of Memorial University of Newfoundland. The project places student teachers in British schools for professional training. This paper describes the program's practicum experiences, student placements, field trips, guest…
Descriptors: Cultural Education, Disabilities, Educational History, Foreign Countries
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Osguthorpe, Russell T.; And Others – International Journal of Special Education, 1988
A technical assistance project was designed to help special educators in Beijing (China) use computer technology with their students with visual impairments, hearing impairments, and mental retardation. Computers were donated to special education centers; software was gathered from American vendors and evaluated; and software applications were…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Instruction, Computer Software, Computer Uses in Education, Elementary Secondary Education
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Juul, Kristen D. – International Journal of Special Education, 1989
Similarities in special education services in the five Scandinavian countries include their normalization philosophy and cooperative policy development. Among unique Scandinavian innovations are camp schools, folk high schools, toy libraries (lekoteks), therapeutic communities or collectives for young substance abuses, and measures to combat…
Descriptors: Comparative Education, Delivery Systems, Disabilities, Educational Philosophy
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