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Walters, Glenn D. – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2019
Identifying mediators in variable chains as part of a causal mediation analysis can shed light on issues of causation, assessment, and intervention. However, coefficients and effect sizes in a causal mediation analysis are nearly always small. This can lead those less familiar with the approach to reject the results of causal mediation analysis.…
Descriptors: Effect Size, Statistical Analysis, Sampling, Statistical Inference
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Gorard, Stephen; Gorard, Jonathan – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2016
This brief paper introduces a new approach to assessing the trustworthiness of research comparisons when expressed numerically. The 'number needed to disturb' a research finding would be the number of counterfactual values that can be added to the smallest arm of any comparison before the difference or 'effect' size disappears, minus the number of…
Descriptors: Statistical Significance, Testing, Sampling, Attrition (Research Studies)