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Gorard, Stephen – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2019
This paper compares the use of confidence intervals (CIs) and a sensitivity analysis called the number needed to disturb (NNTD), in the analysis of research findings expressed as 'effect' sizes. Using 1,000 simulations of randomised trials with up to 1,000 cases in each, the paper shows that both approaches are very similar in outcomes, and each…
Descriptors: Intervals, Statistics, Social Sciences, Foreign Countries
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Holdershaw, Judith; Melnyk, Valentyna; Gendall, Philip; Wright, Malcolm – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2018
Despite years of refinement and improvement to questionnaire design, the need remains to identify effective, but 'user-friendly' questioning procedures to predict behaviour, without compromising predictive performance. Questionnaires developed to predict behaviour typically use an attitudinal approach. However, those types of questionnaires are…
Descriptors: Behavior Theories, Predictor Variables, Comparative Analysis, College Students
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Dodge, Nadine; Chapman, Ralph – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2018
Electronically assisted survey techniques offer several advantages over traditional survey techniques. However, they can also potentially introduce biases, such as coverage biases and measurement error. The current study compares the relative merits of two survey distribution and completion modes: email recruitment with internet completion; and…
Descriptors: Online Surveys, Handheld Devices, Bias, Electronic Mail
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Silber, Henning; Roßmann, Joss; Gummer, Tobias – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2018
In this article, we present the results of three question design experiments on inter-item correlations, which tested a grid design against a single-item design. The first and second experiments examined the inter-item correlations of a set with five and seven items, respectively, and the third experiment examined the impact of the question design…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Online Surveys, Experiments, Correlation
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Vogl, Susanne; Zartler, Ulrike; Schmidt, Eva-Maria; Rieder, Irene – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2018
Collecting multiple perspectives data (e.g. from related individuals) in a qualitative longitudinal design can provide rich understanding of the dynamics at play in complex relational systems, and the different perceptions of people involved. However, such approaches are inherently challenging due to the complexity and volume of data involved. So…
Descriptors: Qualitative Research, Longitudinal Studies, Interviews, Data Analysis
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Górny, Agata; Napierala, Joanna – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2016
We evaluate the effectiveness in empirical migration research of the respondent-driven sampling (RDS) and the quota sampling with regard to four criteria: quality of the data; sociometric diversity of the sample; geographic coverage of the sample; and cost-effectiveness. We review two surveys of ex-USSR migrants, conducted simultaneously in the…
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Migration, Data Analysis, Sociometric Techniques
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Neuert, Cornelia Eva; Lenzner, Timo – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2016
In this study, we investigated whether incorporating eye tracking into cognitive interviewing is effective when pretesting survey questions. In the control condition, a cognitive interview was conducted using a standardized interview protocol that included pre-defined probing questions for about one-quarter of the questions in a 52-item…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Research Methodology, Interviews, Pretesting