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Höhne, Jan Karem – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2019
In social research, the use of agree/disagree (A/D) questions is a popular method for measuring attitudes. Research has shown that A/D questions require complex cognitive processing and are susceptible to response bias. Thus, some researchers recommend the use of item-specific (IS) questions. This study examines the processing of A/D and IS…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Social Science Research, Research Methodology, Online Surveys
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Mason, Robert; Huff, Kyle – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2019
This article explores the comparability of assessment tools under different format conditions. Prior studies have not considered the interaction of format and device on time to complete an assessment and have instead treated each of them separately with conflicting results. This study assesses, by linear regressions using web-based data, the…
Descriptors: Computer Assisted Testing, Test Format, Questionnaires, Usability
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Hoekstra, R.; Vugteveen, J.; Warrens, M. J.; Kruyen, P. M. – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2019
Cronbach's alpha is the most frequently used measure to investigate the reliability of measurement instruments. Despite its frequent use, many warn for misinterpretations of alpha. These claims about regular misunderstandings, however, are not based on empirical data. To understand how common such beliefs are, we conducted a survey study to test…
Descriptors: Statistical Analysis, Researchers, Beliefs, Knowledge Level
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Höhne, Jan Karem; Schlosser, Stephan – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2019
Participation in web surveys via smartphones increased continuously in recent years. The reasons for this increase are a growing proportion of smartphone owners and an increase in mobile Internet access. However, research has shown that smartphone respondents are frequently distracted and/or multitasking, which might affect completion and response…
Descriptors: Online Surveys, Handheld Devices, Response Rates (Questionnaires), Response Style (Tests)
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van Wijngaarden, Els; Leget, Carlo; Goossensen, Anne – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2018
This article focuses on research ethics in highly intimate research with possible impact on life and death. In order to stimulate an open-ended dialogue about research ethics, we reflect on four ethical challenges that came up during our research into older people with a wish to die. Drawing on our experiences, we discuss (1) the possibly…
Descriptors: Ethics, Research Methodology, Social Science Research, Older Adults
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Windsong, Elena Ariel – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2018
As intersectionality gains more prominence, scholars still face difficulties of incorporating principles of intersectionality into empirical research. Key concepts of intersectionality theory include moving away from additive thinking, relationality, and social constructionism. An important challenge is how to incorporate these concepts into…
Descriptors: Research Design, Data Collection, Race, Sex
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Höhne, Jan Karem; Krebs, Dagmar – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2018
The effect of the response scale direction on response behavior is a well-known phenomenon in survey research. While there are several approaches to explaining how such response order effects occur, the literature reports mixed evidence. Furthermore, different question formats seem to vary in their susceptibility to these effects. We therefore…
Descriptors: Test Items, Response Style (Tests), Questioning Techniques, Questionnaires
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Lau, Charles Q.; Baker, Melissa; Fiore, Andrew; Greene, Diana; Lieskovsky, Min; Matu, Kim; Peytcheva, Emilia – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2017
Survey researchers are increasingly concerned that the presence of other people (bystanders) may affect data quality in structured, face-to-face survey interviews. In this article, we study bystanders using data from 15,309 face-to-face surveys about technology from Ghana, Nigeria, Uganda, Brazil and Guatemala. Our analysis (1) describes the…
Descriptors: Surveys, Researchers, Information Technology, Correlation
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Nandi, Alita; Platt, Lucinda – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2017
This paper investigates the effect of interview mode (telephone vs. face-to-face) on responses to a 13-item module of identity questions covering distinct domains. With increasing moves towards mixed-mode implementation, especially in longitudinal surveys, establishing whether mode effects are likely to influence findings is of practical value. A…
Descriptors: Research Methodology, Telephone Surveys, Interviews, Responses
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Hilton, Charlotte Emma – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2017
The development of questionnaires, surveys and psychometric scales is an iterative research process that includes a number of carefully planned stages. Pretesting is a method of checking that questions work as intended and are understood by those individuals who are likely to respond to them. However, detailed reports of appropriate methods to…
Descriptors: Questionnaires, Pretesting, Interviews, Test Construction