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Gummer, Tobias; Roßmann, Joss – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2019
Propensity score weighting often is used to correct for attrition biases in panel surveys. While methodological literature exists on the logic of propensity score weighting and its practical applications, an in-depth discussion is lacking on the effects of using this weighting to correct for attrition biases in attitudinal, behavioral, and…
Descriptors: Attrition (Research Studies), Bias, Probability, Attitudes
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Höhne, Jan Karem – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2019
In social research, the use of agree/disagree (A/D) questions is a popular method for measuring attitudes. Research has shown that A/D questions require complex cognitive processing and are susceptible to response bias. Thus, some researchers recommend the use of item-specific (IS) questions. This study examines the processing of A/D and IS…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Social Science Research, Research Methodology, Online Surveys
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Silber, Henning; Danner, Daniel; Rammstedt, Beatrice – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2019
This study aims to assess whether respondent inattentiveness causes systematic and unsystematic measurement error that influences survey data quality. To determine the impact of (in)attentiveness on the reliability and validity of target measures, we compared respondents from a German online survey (N = 5205) who had passed two attention checks…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Test Validity, Test Reliability, Attention
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Gummer, Tobias; Blumenberg, Manuela S.; Roßmann, Joss – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2019
From the perspective of study management, research is surprisingly lacking on two of the major challenges for planning and performing content analysis: determining the sample size (i.e. number of objects to code) and the required number of coders to hire. The optimization of both of these numbers will ultimately determine how efficiently available…
Descriptors: Content Analysis, Sample Size, Coding, Research Administration
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Höhne, Jan Karem; Schlosser, Stephan – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2019
Participation in web surveys via smartphones increased continuously in recent years. The reasons for this increase are a growing proportion of smartphone owners and an increase in mobile Internet access. However, research has shown that smartphone respondents are frequently distracted and/or multitasking, which might affect completion and response…
Descriptors: Online Surveys, Handheld Devices, Response Rates (Questionnaires), Response Style (Tests)
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Silber, Henning; Roßmann, Joss; Gummer, Tobias – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2018
In this article, we present the results of three question design experiments on inter-item correlations, which tested a grid design against a single-item design. The first and second experiments examined the inter-item correlations of a set with five and seven items, respectively, and the third experiment examined the impact of the question design…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Online Surveys, Experiments, Correlation
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Bergmann, Michael; Barth, Alice – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2018
Though panel data are increasingly used in the social sciences, the question whether repeatedly participating in a panel survey affects respondents' attitudes and (response) behaviour is still largely unsolved. Drawing on a model of associative networks that is extended by assumptions on survey satisficing, we present a theoretical framework that…
Descriptors: Models, Foreign Countries, Attribution Theory, Prediction
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Höhne, Jan Karem; Krebs, Dagmar – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2018
The effect of the response scale direction on response behavior is a well-known phenomenon in survey research. While there are several approaches to explaining how such response order effects occur, the literature reports mixed evidence. Furthermore, different question formats seem to vary in their susceptibility to these effects. We therefore…
Descriptors: Test Items, Response Style (Tests), Questioning Techniques, Questionnaires
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Pakpahan, Eduwin; Hoffmann, Rasmus; Kröger, Hannes – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2017
We present three statistical methods for causal analysis in life course research that are able to take into account the order of events and their possible causal relationship: a cross-lagged model, a latent growth model (LGM), and a synthesis of the two, an autoregressive latent trajectories model (ALT). We apply them to a highly relevant…
Descriptors: Causal Models, Socioeconomic Status, Structural Equation Models, Health
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Neuert, Cornelia Eva; Lenzner, Timo – International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 2016
In this study, we investigated whether incorporating eye tracking into cognitive interviewing is effective when pretesting survey questions. In the control condition, a cognitive interview was conducted using a standardized interview protocol that included pre-defined probing questions for about one-quarter of the questions in a 52-item…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Research Methodology, Interviews, Pretesting