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Li, Mang; Zheng, Chunping; Liang, Jyh-Chong; Zhang, Yun; Tsai, Chin-Chung – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2018
This study explored the structural relationships among secondary school students' conceptions, self-regulation, and strategies of learning science in mainland China. Three questionnaires, namely conceptions of learning science (COLS), self-regulation of learning science (SROLS), and strategies of learning science (SLS) were developed for…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary School Science, Science Instruction, Student Attitudes
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Ng, Chi-hung Clarence – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2018
Using a sample of 310 Year 10 Chinese students from Hong Kong, this survey study examined the effects of multiple goals in learning mathematics. Independent variables were mastery, performance-approach, performance-avoidance, and pro-social goals. Dependent variables included perceived classroom goal structures, teacher's support, learning motives…
Descriptors: High School Students, Student Motivation, Learning Motivation, Secondary School Mathematics
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Shinno, Yusuke – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2018
This paper reports on combining semiotic and discursive approaches to reification in classroom interactions. It focuses on the discursive characteristics and semiotic processes involved in the teaching and learning of square roots in a ninth grade classroom in Japan. The purpose of this study is to characterize the development of mathematical…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Grade 9, Secondary School Mathematics, Mathematical Concepts
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Dhindsa, Harkirat S.; Salleh, Siti-Zahrani Binti Haji Md – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2018
Students who study science in single-sex and coeducational schools have attracted lots of attention from the education community. However, changes to students' attitudes toward science as they progress to higher grades in these schools are not clearly understood. The aim of this study was to compare the changes in attitudes toward science among…
Descriptors: Coeducation, Single Sex Schools, Affective Behavior, Student Attitudes
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Urhan, Selin; Dost, Senol – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2018
Model-eliciting activities are problem-solving activities that differ from traditional problems as they include non-routine, open-ended, and complicated real-life situations with various solutions (Lesh & Doerr, 2003). According to Lesh, Hoover, Hole, Kelly and Post (2000), a model-eliciting activity must follow certain principles, namely, the…
Descriptors: Grade 9, Mathematics Instruction, Models, Generalization
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Wu, Li-Chen; Chao, Li-ling; Cheng, Pi-Yun; Tuan, Hsiao-Lin; Guo, Chorng-Jee – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2018
The purpose of this study was to probe the differences of perceived professional teaching competence between elementary school math/science teachers in Taiwan who are majored in math/science and those who are not. A researcher-developed Math/Science Teachers' Professional Development Questionnaire was used in a nationwide survey, using a two-stage…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Teacher Competencies, Mathematics Teachers, Science Teachers
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Ding, Lin – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2018
This study examines progression trends of Chinese students' scientific reasoning skills across grade levels from elementary school to university. A large-scale survey using the Classroom Test of Scientific Reasoning (CTSR) was conducted with 2669 Chinese students at 13 grade levels (grades 4-16). The construct validity of the CTSR was first…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Thinking Skills, Skill Development, Elementary School Students
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Nawani, Jigna; Kotzebue, Lena; Rixius, Julia; Graml, Michael; Neuhaus, Birgit J. – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2018
This study investigated the effects of teachers' use of "focus questions" on students' knowledge structures and classroom teaching-learning process by re-analyzing selected data from a quasi-experimental pre-post video study (Wadouh, 2007). Focus questions are content-related anchoring questions highlighting the key content taught in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Questioning Techniques, Teaching Methods, Biology
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Lee, Silvia Wen-Yu – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2018
The purpose of this study was, first, to understand the item hierarchy regarding students' understanding of scientific models and modeling (USM). Secondly, this study investigated Taiwanese students' USM progression from 7th to 12th grade, and after participating in a model-based curriculum. The questionnaire items were developed based on 6…
Descriptors: Scientific Principles, Models, Experimental Groups, Student Surveys
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Tsai, Chun-Yen; Huang, Tai-Chu – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2018
This study investigated the relationship between adult self-efficacy in science and scientific competencies of Taiwanese citizens. Probability proportional to size sampling was used to select 1830 participants between the ages of 18 and 70. The research methods employed was survey research; analysis was conducted using hierarchical regression…
Descriptors: Adults, Self Efficacy, Competence, Gender Differences
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Hu, Xiang; Leung, Frederick K. S.; Teng, Yuan – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2018
The results of international large-scale assessments have shown that countries vary considerably in their mathematics performance. Culture has been suggested as a possible cause for the national difference, but insufficient empirical research has been conducted to investigate the effect of culture on mathematics achievement. Based on Hofstede's…
Descriptors: Cross Cultural Studies, Foreign Countries, Cultural Differences, Cultural Influences
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Hwang, Jihyun; Choi, Kyong Mi; Bae, Yejun; Shin, Dong Hoon – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2018
Many efforts have been made to reach educational equity, especially to reduce mathematics and science achievement gaps by students' socioeconomic status. Across countries, educators strive to reform traditional teacher-centered instructional approaches to more student-centered/inquiry-based instruction to improve equity in education. In this…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests, International Assessment, Secondary School Students
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Yao, Yiling; Kong, Qiping; Cai, Jinfa – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2018
Students in Shanghai ranked at the top in mathematics on the past two assessments of the Program for International Student Assessment (PISA). However, even though Asian students in general, and Chinese students in particular, ranked at the top in mathematics, we know little about Shanghai students' subjective well-being (SWB). This paper reports…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students, Middle School Students, Mathematics Achievement
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De Silva, Anthoni Durage Asoka; Khatibi, Ali; Ferdous Azam, S. M. – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2018
The present study examined whether gender, ethnicity, instructional medium and school category differences manifest in science performance and motivation to learn science among secondary school students in Sri Lanka. The mean of five successive term test scores was used as the measure of science performance. Level of motivation in terms of six…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Gender Differences, Ethnicity, Teaching Methods
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Sawatzki, Carly; Sullivan, Peter – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2018
This article reports the findings of classroom research exploring the potential of posing challenging mathematical problems situated in real-world financial contexts to activate mathematical knowledge, skills and reasoning. The Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2012…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Problem Solving, Relevance (Education), Mathematics Skills
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