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Biddlecomb, Barry; Carr, Martha – International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, 2011
The purpose of this study was to determine whether patterns of strategy use in second, third and fourth grade children's arithmetic supported Steffe's model of numerical development. In addition to student-generated strategies, we looked at commonly taught algorithms not considered in Steffe's model to determine whether these algorithms reflected…
Descriptors: Grade 4, Grade 3, Grade 2, Arithmetic