ERIC Number: EJ1112638
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016-Oct
Abstractor: As Provided
Explaining Student Achievement: The Influence of Teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge in Statistics
Callingham, Rosemary; Carmichael, Colin; Watson, Jane M.
International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education, v14 n7 p1339-1357 Oct 2016
Statistics is an increasingly important component of the mathematics curriculum. "StatSmart" was a project intended to influence middle-years students' learning outcomes in statistics through the provision of appropriate professional learning opportunities and technology to teachers. Participating students in grade 5/6 to grade 9 undertook three tests, a pre-test, a post-test and a longitudinal retention test over a period of 2 years. Their teachers completed a survey that included items measuring pedagogical content knowledge (PCK) for teaching statistics. Despite the development of valid instruments to measure both student and teacher content knowledge and teachers' PCK, linking teachers' knowledge directly to students' learning outcomes has proved elusive. Multilevel modelling of results from 789 students for whom there were 3 completed tests and measures from their teachers indicated that students' outcomes were influenced positively by their initial teacher's PCK. Extended participation of teachers in the project also appeared to reduce negative effects of changing teachers.
Descriptors: Statistics, Mathematics Instruction, Middle School Students, Grade 5, Grade 6, Grade 7, Grade 8, Grade 9, Pretests Posttests, Memory, Pedagogical Content Knowledge, Teacher Surveys, Knowledge Level, Faculty Development, Program Effectiveness
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Junior High Schools; Grade 5; Intermediate Grades; Elementary Education; Grade 6; Grade 7; Grade 8; Grade 9; High Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A