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International Journal of…2201
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Zhu, Yuanze – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
In recent years, research on students' scientific competencies has generated much discussion. According to the PISA 2015 Assessment and Analytical Framework, both scientific competencies and attitudes towards science -- interest in science, valuing scientific approaches to enquiry (or epistemological beliefs about science), and environmental…
Descriptors: Science Education, Scientific Attitudes, Student Attitudes, Competence
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Cairns, Dean – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
This study investigates the discrete effects of inquiry-based instructional practices that described the PISA 2015 construct 'inquiry-based instruction' and how each practice, and the frequency of each practice, is related to science achievement across 69 countries. The data for this study were drawn from the PISA 2015 database and analysed using…
Descriptors: Science Achievement, Correlation, Instructional Effectiveness, Active Learning
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Wang, Ya-Ling; Liang, Jyh-Chong; Tsai, Chin-Chung – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
Science learning self-efficacy could be regarded as a multi-factor belief which comprises different aspects such as cognitive skills, practical work, and everyday application. However, few studies have investigated the relationships among these factors that compose science learning self-efficacy. Also, culture may play an important role in…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Cross Cultural Studies, Thinking Skills, Cognitive Ability
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Dori, Y. J.; Zohar, A.; Fischer-Shachor, D.; Kohan-Mass, J.; Carmi, M. – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
This paper describes an Israeli national-level research examining the extent to which admissions of elementary school students to the gifted programmes based on standardised tests are gender-fair. In the research, the gifted students consisted of 275 boys, 128 girls, and additional 80 girls who were admitted to the gifted programme through…
Descriptors: Sex Fairness, Females, Gifted, Thinking Skills
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Craig, Cheryl J.; Verma, Rakesh; Stokes, Donna; Evans, Paige; Abrol, Bobby – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
This research examines the influence of parents on students' studying the STEM disciplines and entering STEM careers. Cases of two graduate students (one female, one male) and one undergraduate student (male) are featured. The first two students in the convenience sample are biology and physics majors in a STEM teacher education programme; the…
Descriptors: Undergraduate Students, STEM Education, Science Careers, Graduate Students
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Mujtaba, Tamjid; Sheldrake, Richard; Reiss, Michael J.; Simon, Shirley – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
There is a widespread concern that relatively few students, especially those from disadvantaged backgrounds, continue to study chemistry and other science subjects after compulsory education. Yet it remains unclear how different aspects of students' background and home context, their own attitudes and beliefs, and their experiences of particular…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Chemistry, Science Education, Student Characteristics
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Lin, Feng; Chan, Carol K. K. – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
This study examined the role of computer-supported knowledge-building discourse and epistemic reflection in promoting elementary-school students' scientific epistemology and science learning. The participants were 39 Grade 5 students who were collectively pursuing ideas and inquiry for knowledge advance using Knowledge Forum (KF) while studying a…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Elementary School Science, Computer Assisted Instruction, Educational Technology
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Schultze, Felix; Nilsson, Pernilla – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
During the last decade there has been on-going discussions about students' declining interest and low achievement in science. One of the reasons suggested for this decline is that teachers and students have different frames of reference, whereby teachers sometimes communicate science in the classroom in a way that is not accessible to the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students, Science Achievement, Science Instruction
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Gold, Anne U.; Pendergast, Philip M.; Ormand, Carol J.; Budd, David A.; Mueller, Karl J. – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
Spatial reasoning is a critical skill in the Geosciences. Using a randomized control study with 592 undergraduate students enrolled in introductory and advanced Geology courses, our data indicates that regular, short interventions throughout an academic semester improve students' spatial thinking skills significantly with a moderate to large…
Descriptors: Spatial Ability, Thinking Skills, Earth Science, Science Education
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Fund, Zvia; Madjar, Nir – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
The current study focused on scaffolding programmes, including cognitive and meta-cognitive components, for science problem solving in a computerised learning environment to identify their unique effects on aspects of student motivation. Using expectancy-value theory as a conceptual framework, the current study focused on two motivational aspects:…
Descriptors: Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Problem Solving, Student Motivation, Grade 7
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Norris, Christina M.; Morris, Julia E.; Lummis, Geoffrey W. – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
According to international benchmarks [Thomson, S., Wernert, N., O'Grady, E., & Rodrigues, S. (2017). TIMSS 2015: Reporting Australia's results. Retrieved from Camberwell, Victoria: www.acer.edu.au/timss], Australia's science education is still in decline and so the need for further investigation into preservice teachers is warranted.…
Descriptors: Preservice Teachers, Self Efficacy, Elementary School Science, Science Instruction
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Maeng, Jennifer L.; Bell, Randy L.; St. Clair, Tyler; Gonczi, Amanda L.; Whitworth, Brooke A. – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
This embedded mixed method study used a randomised controlled? trial design to examine two cohorts of upper (grades 4-6) elementary teachers' classroom implementation of nature of science (NOS) instruction following their participation in a statewide professional development (PD). The treatment group (n = 145) was compared to a control group (n =…
Descriptors: Elementary School Teachers, Elementary School Science, Scientific Principles, Science Instruction
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Meneses, Alejandra; Escobar, José-Pablo; Véliz, Soledad – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
Reading comprehension is a crucial skill that elementary school students must develop in order to learn science. However, there is not yet enough research about the role that multimodal texts play in scaffolding student reading comprehension of complex scientific processes, such as energy transfer. This study explored how verbal and visual…
Descriptors: Grade 5, Elementary School Students, Foreign Countries, Experimental Groups
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Tay, Su Lynn; Yeo, Jennifer – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
Great teaching is characterised by the specific actions a teacher takes in the classroom to bring about learning. In the context of model-based teaching (MBT), teachers' difficulty in working with students' models that are not scientifically consistent is troubling. To address this problem, the aim of this study is to identify the pedagogical…
Descriptors: Physics, Science Instruction, Science Teachers, Models
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Zheng, Lanqin; Dong, Yan; Huang, Ronghuai; Chang, Chun-Yen; Bhagat, Kaushal Kumar – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
The purpose of this study was to examine the relations between primary school students' conceptions of, approaches to, and self-efficacy in learning science in Mainland China. A total of 1049 primary school students from Mainland China participated in this study. Three instruments were adapted to measure students' conceptions of learning science,…
Descriptors: Self Efficacy, Elementary School Science, Elementary School Students, Student Attitudes
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